English to Quapaw Dictionary

A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-K-L-M-N-O-P-Q-R-S-T-U-V-W-X-Y-Z
Quapaw Sources Dhegiha Sources

 

T

 

tabby, female tabby cat

iⁿ-ta-naⁿ kde-zhe wa-xo (įttną kde waxʔ) - female tabby cat [ASG]

cf. iⁿ-ta-daⁿ kde-zhe (įtt̨dą kde), iⁿ-ta-naⁿ kde-zhe (įttną kde) - cat, domestic cat spotted; wa-xo (waxʔ) - woman, also female animal

 

table

a-wa-naⁿ-bde (wan̨bde) - table

a-wa-naⁿ-bde (wan̨bde) - table [MS, AB, OM]

cf. a (a) - on, upon; wa-naⁿ-bde (wan̨bde) - eat a meal, dine; o-naⁿ-bde (nąbde) - food, something to eat

ex: a-wa-naⁿ-bde tʰe (wan̨bde tʰe) - the table [AG]

ex: pa-hi o-knaⁿ a-wa-naⁿ-bde a-shi a-a-ki-knaⁿ te (pphi-kną wanąbde i akikną tte) - I will put my hat on the table

ex: pa-hi o-knaⁿ a-wa-naⁿ-bde a-shi a-a-ki-knaⁿ ta miⁿ-kʰe (pphi-kną wanąbde i akikną tta mįkʰ) - I will put my hat on the table

ex: pa-hi o-knaⁿ a-wa-naⁿ-bde a-shi a-ki-knaⁿ tʰaⁿ (pphi-kną wanąbde i kikną tʰą) - he is putting his hat on the table

Dhegiha: a-wa-noⁿ-bthe (-wa-noⁿ-bthe) - a table, on which to eat [FL-Osage]; a-wa-noⁿ-bre (wanǫbre) - table [CQ-Osage]; a-wa-noⁿ-ble (áwanoⁿble) - table [Kaw]

 

table fork

wa-naⁿ-bde i-ba-xto (wan̨bde baxto) - fork, a table fork

wa-naⁿ-bde i-ba-xto (waną́bde baxto) - fork [OM]

wa-naⁿ-bdi-ba-xto (waną́bdibaxto) - fork [MS]

wa-naⁿ-bdi-ba-xto (wan̨bdibaxto) - fork, lit. something to stick food [JOD]

cf. wa-naⁿ-bde (wan̨bde) - eat a meal, dine; i (i) - with which to; ba-xdo (baxd), ba-xto (baxt) - pierce, stab, perforate

Dhegiha: ba-qthu (baqth) - to punch a hole in; to pierce [Omaha/Ponca]; ba-xthu (baxthu) - pierce [Omaha]; ba-xtho-ge (ba-xth-ge) - to pierce, perforate, punch, make a hole in a piece of leather [FL-Osage]; ba-xlo-ge (baxlge) - pierce, impale, hold with a fork [Kaw]

 

table, spread out a table cloth on a table

a-di-bda (dibda) - spread out one object on another, as a robe on a horse or a table cloth on a table a-bdi-bda (bdibda) - I, a-ti-bda (ttibda) - you, oⁿ-ka-di-bda-we (ǫkdibdwe) - we

cf. a (a) - on, upon; di-bda (dibd) - pull apart, separate

Dhegiha: u-zhoⁿ a-thi-btha (uzhoⁿ athibtha) - cover [Omaha]; wa-tha-te a-thi-btha (wathate athibtha) - table cloth [Omaha]; a-thi-btha (-thi-btha) - spread oilcloth [FL-Osage]; a-thu-bra (ubra), a-thi-bra (ibra) - spread upon, spread over [CQ-Osage]

Dhegiha: thi-btha (thibth) - to open out by breaking, as a cup or kettle; to open the hand, with the palm towards the sun; to separate, as the leaves of a book, by turning with the hand [Omaha/Ponca]; thi-btha (thibtha) - unfold [Omaha]; thi-btha (thi-bth) - to spread a robe or blanket [FL-Osage]; thi-bra (bra), thu-bra (bra) - spread, spread out, as a cloth [CQ-Osage]; yu-bla (yubl) - spread out or hang up to dry, corn, clothes [Kaw]

Dhegiha: btha (ba) - open, spread out [JOD-Omaha]; btha (btha) - to open, to spread out; to be opened or spread out [Omaha/Ponca]; bla (bla) - spread out, as dishes on the table [Kaw]

 

tacks, as when a boat tacks

ta-ti-o-kda-kʰaⁿ (ttttikdakʰ̨) - across the wind, as when a boat tacks

cf. ta-ti-oⁿ-he (ttttįhe), ta-ti-aⁿ-he (ttttįhe) - wind; kda-kaⁿ (kdkką), kda-kʰaⁿ (kdkʰą) - crosswise, across

Dhegiha: ta-de gtha-kʰoⁿ (tad gthkʰoⁿ) - across wind, across the wind, perpendicular to the wind direction, across the way that the wind blows [Omaha/Ponca]

 

tail

siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail

siⁿ-te (s̨tt) - tail [MS]

ex: siⁿ-te shta (sįtt ta) - hog, pig, lit. tail/smooth

ex: siⁿ-te shta xo-te (sįtt ta xtte) - opossum, lit. tail/smooth/gray

ex: siⁿ-ti-oⁿ-he (sįttįhe) - crupper, saddle strap, lit. tail/put or lay inside

ex: siⁿ-te ba-xe (s̨tte bγe) - bobcat, tail broken off

Dhegiha: siⁿ-de (sⁿde) - tail, tail of an animal [Omaha/Ponca]; siⁿ-dse (ⁿ-dse) - tail [FL-Osage]; siⁿ-tse (s̨įce) - tail, animals tail, part of the Osage costume, tail dancer at Osage War Dances, last part of a dance song [CQ-Osage]; siⁿ-je (sⁿje) - tail [Kaw]

 

tail feathers

i-be-hiⁿ (behį) - tail feathers

cf. i-be (be) - tail of bird; hiⁿ (hį) - fur, hair of the body, down of bird

Dhegiha: u-be hiⁿ (be hiⁿ) - tail feathers [Kaw]

Dhegiha: i-be (be) - tail feathers, birds tail [Omaha/Ponca]; iⁿ-be (iⁿbe) - tail feathers, birds tail [Omaha]; iⁿ-be (ⁿ-be), oⁿ-be (ⁿ-be) - the tail of a bird, the buttocks [FL-Osage]; oⁿ-pe (̨pe) - hip, hips, tail, buttocks [CQ-Osage]; i-be (be), u-be (be) - bird tail [Kaw]

 

tail fin or fish tail

ho i-be (ho be) - fish tail or tail fin

cf. ho (ho) - fish; i-be (be) - tail, of bird

Dhegiha: i-be (be) - the tail or tail-feathers of a bird [Omaha/Ponca]; iⁿ-be (iⁿbe) - tail feathers, birds tail [Omaha]; iⁿ-be (ⁿ-be), oⁿ-be (ⁿ-be) - the tail of a bird, the buttocks [FL-Osage]; oⁿ-pe (̨pe) - hip, hips, tail, buttocks [CQ-Osage]; i-be (be), u-be (be) - bird tail [Kaw]

 

tail of bird

i-be (be) - tail, of bird

ex: ho i-be (ho be) - fish tail or tail fin

ex: i-be ska (be ska) - White Tail (of a bird), masculine name of the (Kwapa) ho i-ni-ka-shi-ka (ho nikkaka) or Fish gens; Father of Alex Mudd [JOD]

ex: i-be zi-ka (be zkka) - hawk, red tailed or sparrow

Dhegiha: i-be (be) - the tail or tail-feathers of a bird [Omaha/Ponca]; iⁿ-be (iⁿbe) - tail feathers, birds tail [Omaha]; iⁿ-be (ⁿ-be), oⁿ-be (ⁿ-be) - the tail of a bird, the buttocks [FL-Osage]; oⁿ-pe (̨pe) - hip, hips, tail, buttocks [CQ-Osage]; i-be (be), u-be (be) - bird tail [Kaw]

 

Tail shows red at intervals in the distance; Tail shows red now and then in the distance

siⁿ-te xaⁿ-xaⁿ (s̨tte x̨-xą) - masculine name, (Deers) Tail Shows red now and then in the distance (as the deer runs); (Deers) tail shows red at intervals in the distance (Jas. Thompson) [JOD]

cf. siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail; xaⁿ-xaⁿ (x̨xą) - glitter, shine, flash, reflects the sun

Dhegiha: siⁿ-de xoⁿ-xoⁿ (sⁿde xoⁿxoⁿ) - Glittering Tail, personal name [Omaha]; siⁿ-je ghaⁿ-ghaⁿ (sⁿje ghaⁿghaⁿ) - male name [Kaw]

Dhegiha: xoⁿ-xoⁿ (xⁿxoⁿ) - flashes, shining, shines [FL-Osage]; xaⁿ-xaⁿ (x̨xą) - shiny [CQ-Osage]; ghaⁿ-ghaⁿ (ghⁿghaⁿ) - shows or appears bright in the distance [Kaw]

 

tail, black tailed deer

ta siⁿ-te sha (tta sįtt ) - black tailed deer

cf. ta (tta) - deer; siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail; sha (a) - dark, indistinct black

Dhegiha: ta-xti siⁿ-de sa-be (tqti sⁿde sbe) - black-tailed deer [Omaha/Ponca]; ta-xti siⁿ-de sa-be (taxti iⁿde abe) - black tail deer [Omaha]; ʰta siⁿ-dse sa-be (ṭa-iⁿ-dse a-be) - black-tailed deer [FL-Osage]

 

tail, deer tail headdress

ta siⁿ-te a-knaⁿ (ttas̨tte kną) - roach (headress) [MS]

ta siⁿ-te a-knaⁿ (ta sīⁿte ga na), (ta sīⁿ tē aga na) - head dress of deer hair and turkey beard, with bone standard and tube, from George Red Eagle and John Quapaw [MH]

ta siⁿ-te wa-knaⁿ (ttas̨tte wkną) - roach made of a deer's tail

cf. ta (tta) - deer; siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail; a-knaⁿ (kną), a-kdaⁿ (kdą) - put, put on, put a singular, sitting, inanimate or cloth, paper, plaster, etc. object upon a surface

Dhegiha: ʰta siⁿ-dse a-gthoⁿ (ṭa-ⁿ-dse a-gthoⁿ) - deers tail headdress. a warriors decoration [FL-Osage]; ʰta siⁿ-tse (ʰtaas̨įce) - headdress, lit., deer tail [CQ-Osage]

Dhegiha: ta siⁿ-je wa-laⁿ (tasⁿje walⁿ) - roach, deer tail headdress [Kaw]

 

tail, deers tail

ta siⁿ-te (ttas̨tte) - deers tail

cf. ta (tta) - deer; siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail

ex: ta-siⁿ-te a-knaⁿ (ttas̨tte kną), ta-siⁿ-te wa-knaⁿ (ttas̨tte wkną) - roach of a deers tail

ex: ta siⁿ-te sha (tta sįtt ) - black tailed deer

ex: ta siⁿ-te ska (tta sįtt ska) - white tailed deer

 

tail, Flat Tail

siⁿ-te bda-ska (s̨tte bdska) - Flat Tail, masculine name of the Kwapa zha-we (we) or Beaver gens; married a Pottawatemi woman, has two children [JOD]

cf. siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail; bda-ska (bdska) - flat

 

tail, Little Tail

siⁿ-te zhi-ka (s̨tte ka) - Little Tail [JOD]

cf. siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail; zhi-ka (ka) - small, little, young

Dhegiha: siⁿ-de zhiⁿ-ga (sⁿde zhiⁿga) - Little Tail, personal name [Omaha]; siⁿ-dse zhiⁿ-ga (ⁿ-dse zhiⁿ-ga) - Little Tail, male personal name, refers to the tail of the buffalo [FL-Osage]; siⁿ-je zhiⁿ-ga (sⁿje zhⁿga) - Small Tail, male name [Kaw]

 

tail, red tail hawk or sparrow hawk

i-be zi-ka (be zkka) - hawk, red tailed or sparrow

cf. i-be (be) - tail of bird; i-be hiⁿ (behį) - tail feathers; ho i-be (ho be) - fish tail or tail fin; zi (zi) - yellow; zhaⁿ zi-ka (z̨zikka) - flicker, red shafted; yellow ringed woodpecker; he zi-ka (hzikka) - bee; o-zi-ka (ozkka) - wider at one end than other

Dhegiha: iⁿ-be zi-ga (iⁿbe iga) - red tail hawk [Omaha]; iⁿ-be zi-ga (iⁿ́bezga) - yellow tailed hawk [JOD-Omaha]; iⁿ-be zi-ga (̨-be-i-ga), oⁿ-be zi-ga (ⁿ-be i-ga) - the red tailed hawk [FL-Osage]; le-taⁿ oⁿ-pe zhu-tse (let̨ ̨pe uce) - redtailed hawk [CQ-Osage]; u-be zi-hi (be zhi) - the red tailed hawk [Kaw]; u-be zi zhiⁿ-ga (be zi zhⁿga) - the red tailed hawk, lit. tail feathers are a little yellow; one of the largest hawks [Kaw]

 

kde-taⁿ zhi-te (kdet̨ tte) - Red Hawk mistranslated into Red Eagle, father of George Redeagle; masculine name of the Kwapa wa-zhiⁿ-ka (wąka) or Bird gens [JOD]

cf. kde-taⁿ (kdet̨) - hawk; zhi-te (tte) - red

Dhegiha: gthe-doⁿ (gthedⁿ) - Pigeon hawk [Omaha/Ponca]; gthe-doⁿ (gthedoⁿ) - American Sparrow Hawk [Omaha]; gthe-daⁿ (gedⁿ) - hawk [JOD-Omaha]; gthe-doⁿ (gthe-dⁿ) - hawk, falcon, used also as a personal name in the Osage Tribe [FL-Osage]; le-toⁿ (let̨), le-taⁿ (let̨) - hawk [CQ-Osage]; le-daⁿ (ledⁿ), le-taⁿ (ltaⁿ), lye-daⁿ (lydaⁿ), kle-taⁿ (kltaⁿ), gle-daⁿ (gledⁿ) - hawk, chicken hawk [Kaw]

Dhegiha: zhi-de (zhde) - red [Omaha/Ponca]; zhi-de (zhde) - red [Omaha]; zhi-de (j-de) - red [JOD-Omaha]; zhiu-dse (zhiu-dse), zhu-dse (zh-dse), zhu-e (zhu-e), zhi-e (zhi-e) - red; scarlet; vermillion [FL-Osage]; zhu-tse (uce), zhu-e (e), zhu (u) - red [CQ-Osage]; zhu-je (zhje) - red [Kaw]

 

tail, spread out as a turkeys tail

di-xa-taⁿ (dixatt̨), di-xa-tʰaⁿ (dixatʰ̨) - spread out, as a turkeys tail

di-xa-taⁿ (diγttą) - stretch apart bdi-xa-taⁿ (bdγattą) - I, ti-xa-taⁿ (ttγattą) - you

Dhegiha: thi-xa-doⁿ (thixdoⁿ) - to open out the hand [Omaha/Ponca]; thi-xa-doⁿ (thiqdoⁿ) - to disorder hair (of the head) or feathers by pulling [Omaha/Ponca]; thi-xa (thix) - to open, as down or some light, thin, or tender object; to lift a light object to see or hunt for something underneath; to husk corn [Omaha/Ponca]

 

tail, to wear a tail in the belt

siⁿ-te a-kde (s̨tte kde) - tail, to wear in the belt, ballplayers evidently did this siⁿ-te a-a-kde (s̨tte akde) - I, siⁿ-te a-da-kde (s̨tte dakde) - you

cf. siⁿ-te (s̨tt) - tail; a-kde (akd) - put; set a standing, perpendicular object upright upon a surface or within something which supports it, as in pitching a tent, placing a candle on a table, etc.

Dhegiha: siⁿ-de a-gthe (sⁿde gthe) - tails upright, tails placed upright on, those who wear tails or locks of hair on their heads, name of Ponca subgens [Omaha/Ponca]; siⁿ-je a-le (sⁿje ale) - tails, those with locks of hair [Kaw]

 

tail, White Tail

i-be ska (be ska) - White Tail (of a bird), masculine name of the (Kwapa) ho i-ni-ka-shi-ka (ho nikkaka) or Fish gens; Father of Alex Mudd [JOD]

cf. i-be (be) - tail, of bird; ska (ska) - white

Dhegiha: iⁿ-be ska (ⁿ-be ka) - White Tail, personal name, refers to the tail of the mature eagle [FL-Osage]; u-be ska (be ska) - White Tail Feathers, male name [Kaw]

 

tail, white tailed deer

ta siⁿ-te ska (tta sįtt ska) - white tailed deer

cf. ta (tta) - deer; siⁿ-te (s̨tt), (sįtt) - tail; ska (ska) - white

Dhegiha: ta-xti siⁿ-de ska (tqti sⁿde skǎ) - white-tailed deer [Omaha/Ponca]; ʰta siⁿ-dse ska (ṭa-ⁿ-dse ka) - white-tailed deer [FL-Osage]; ta siⁿ-je ska (t sⁿjeska) - white tail deer [Kaw]

 

tail, whitish or grayish tail

siⁿ-te saⁿ-haⁿ (sįtte s̨hą) - tail/whitish, grayish [JOD]

cf. siⁿ-te (s̨tte) - tail; saⁿ-haⁿ (s̨hą) - whitish, grayish, pale

ex: o-xda-ti siⁿ-te saⁿ-haⁿ i-da-de i-de (oxdtti s̨tte s̨hą idda id) - he (rabbit) departed, his whitish tail being seen/showing off and on in the brush [JOD]

Dhegiha: soⁿ-hoⁿ (ⁿ-hoⁿ) - resembling white, whitened animal skins [FL-Osage]; saⁿ-haⁿ (sⁿhaⁿ) - whitish, grayish [Kaw]

Dhegiha: saⁿ (saⁿ) - whitish [JOD-Omaha]; soⁿ (oⁿ) - pale [Omaha]; soⁿ-the (sⁿthe) - cleanse, whiten, whitewash [Omaha/Ponca]

 

take a man for a husband

a-di-xe (diγe) - marry a man, take a man for a husband a-bdi-xe (bdiγe) - I, a-ti-xe (ttiγe) - you, oⁿ-ka-di-xa-we (ǫkdiγawe) - we

cf. wa-di-xa-zhi (wdiγi) - unmarried woman, virgin; wa-di-xa-zhi hi wdiγi h) - unmarried woman, spinster; wa-we-di-xe (wawdixe) - refugee (from another tribe); i-kdi-xe (kdixe) - live with, stay with someone

ex: a-wi-bdi-xe (wibdiγe) - I take you for my husband

ex: a-wi-bdi-xe te, i-ke (wibdγe tt, ik) - she said to him, I will take you for my husband [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-ti-xe (̨ttiγe) - you take me for your husband [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-naⁿ-ti-xe (ąn̨ttiγe) - you stay with me [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-naⁿ-ti-xe shkoⁿ-ta (ąn̨ttiγe k̨tta) - do you want to live with me? [JOD]

ex a-di-xe (diγ) - to marry him [JOD]

ex: a-di-xe te (diγe tt) - she will marry him [JOD]

ex: a-di-xe (adiγ) - she married him [JOD]

ex: koi-shoⁿ-taⁿ naⁿ-zha wa-xo zhi-ka shi-zhi-ka zho-wa-ki-kde wa-kda-niⁿ hi taⁿ a-di-xe (kįttą n̨a waxʔ ik nįkʰ ika wakkde wkdanį h tą adiγ) - and then the old woman married him, she took her children along with her [JOD]

ex: we-a-kdi-xe a-bdi-shtaⁿ (wekdixe bdit̨) - I ceased to live with them

ex: e a-di-xe koⁿ-da ( diγ kǫd) - she wanted to marry him, the aforementioned [JOD]

Dhegiha: a-thi-xe (ixe) - to marry him [JOD-Omaha]; a-thu-xe (-thu-xe) - to take a husband [FL-Osage]; a-thu-xe (uγe) - marry, get married to, take as a husband [CQ-Osage]; a-yu-ghe (yughe) - marry a man, take a husband [Kaw]

Dhegiha: wa-thi-xe (wathixe) - marry, intermarry [Omaha]; wa-thu-xe (wthuxe) - to take a husband; to marry, with reference to a woman [FL-Osage]; wa-thu-xe (wuγe) - be or get married, said of a female; wedding, used by brides friends or family [CQ-Osage]; wa-yu-ghe (wyughe) - marry, get married (female reference only) [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-thi-xe (uthiqe) - a refugee, one who has left his tribe and is staying with another people [Omaha/Ponca]; o-yu-ghe (yughe) - take refuge in [Kaw]

 

take a wife, marry

miⁿ-knaⁿ (m̨kną) - marry, take a wife, the male term for to marry miⁿ-a-knaⁿ (mįakną) - I, miⁿ-da-knaⁿ (mįdakną) - you

cf. miⁿ (mį), mi (mi) - female; knoⁿ-ke (knǫk) - marry a woman; wa-knoⁿ-ke (wknǫk) - marry more than one wife; ki-knoⁿ-ke (kiknǫk) - marriage, married, marry

Dhegiha: miⁿ-gthoⁿ (mⁿgthoⁿ) - to take a wife, mary [Omaha/Ponca]; mi-gthoⁿ (migthoⁿ) - marry, married man [Omaha]; mi-gthoⁿ-ge (m-gthoⁿ-ge) - matrimony (male) [FL-Osage]; miⁿ-laⁿ-ke (m̨įląke) - marry a woman, take a wife, marry; married (referring to a man); wedding, marriage [CQ-Osage]; miⁿ-laⁿ-ge (mⁿlaⁿge) - marry, get married (male reference only) [Kaw]

 

take away

a-niⁿ de (an̨ d) - take away a-bniⁿ bde (abn̨ bd) - I, a-tiⁿ te (att̨ tt) - you

cf. a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep; de (de) - go; a-niⁿ hi (an̨ hi) - take it thither [JOD]; a-niⁿ kde (an̨ kde) - to take homeward [JOD]; a-niⁿ kdi (an̨ kdi) - to bring home [JOD]; a-niⁿ ki (an̨ k) - bring back here [JOD]; a-niⁿ tʰi (an̨ tʰ) - brought here; bring here; arrive here with something [JOD]

Dhegiha: a-thiⁿ the (athiⁿthe) - take away [Omaha]; a-thiⁿ the (a-thⁿ-the) - to take away an object [FL-Osage]; a-thiⁿ the (ąee), a-thiⁿ a-the (ąaee) - carry; take there; take away [CQ-Osage]; a-yiⁿ ye (ayíⁿ ye) - take away, get and go [Kaw]

 

take away something for someone

a-ki-niⁿ de (kinį de) - take away something for someone a-ki-bniⁿ bde (akbnį bd) - I, a-da-ki-tiⁿ te (adkitt̨ tt) - you

cf. a-ki-niⁿ (kinį) - have or keep for someone; a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep; de (de) - go

 

take away something for someone and come back to this place

a-ki-niⁿ kdi (kinį kdi) - take away something for someone and come back to this place [JOD] a-ki-bniⁿ a-kdi (kibnį akd) - I

cf. a-ki-niⁿ (kinį) - have or keep for someone; a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep; kdi (kdi) - to have come back here

ex: a-ki-bniⁿ a-kdi (kibnį akd) - I brought it back to him [JOD]

ex: a-ki-niⁿ kda-i taⁿ, a-ki-de aⁿ-ka-zhiⁿ naⁿ, a-ki-pʰi, a-ki-bniⁿ a-kdi (kin̨ kdi tą, akde ̨kaį ną, akpʰi, kibnį akd) - they took it from him, he told me to go get it, I went there for it, I brought it back to him [JOD]

ex: a-wi-ki-bniⁿ a-kdi (wikbnį akd) - I have brought back your (or for you) [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-da-ki-tiⁿ da-kdi (ądkitt̨ dakd) - you have it for me/you come back to this place; you bring her, my own, back to me [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-da-ki-tiⁿ da-kdi naⁿ ti de wi-ki te (ądkitt̨ dakd ną tti d wikʔ tte) - when you have taken her (have her) for me and return here I will give you this lodge [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-da-ki-tiⁿ da-kdi te koi-shoⁿ naⁿ ti de wi-ki te (ądkittį dakd tt kį ną tt d wikʔ tte) - when you bring her (my own) back to me, I will give you this lodge [JOD]

 

take food from a cache

o-di-xdo (odxdo) - take food from a cache

cf. di-xto (dixt), di-xdo (dixd) - pull open, peel back; o-xe di-xto (xe dixt) - pull open a cache; di-xdo-te (dixdtte) - peel something off a surface; xdo-te (xdtte) - peel off, come off as a scab; xdo-ta-de (xdottde) - peel off of its own accord

Dhegiha: thi-xthu (thiqth) - to pull open a box, barrel, bundle, etc.; to take up food again from a cache [Omaha/Ponca]; thi-xthu (thi-xth) - to exhume [FL-Osage]

Dhegiha: thi-xthu-dse (thi-xth-dse), thi-xthu-dse (thi-xth-dse) - to pull the bark off a tree, to peel with the bare hands; to peel, as the peeling of potato [FL-Osage]; thi-lo-tse  (iilce) - peel [CQ-Osage]; yu-xlo-je (yuxlje) - peel something; peel with the hand [Kaw]

 

take from someone

ki-di-ze (kdize) - take from someone a-bdi-ze (bdize) - I, da-ti-ze (dttize) - you

cf. di-ze (diz) - get, take, receive; kdi-ze (kdze) - take ones own

Dhegiha: ki-thu-ze (kiuze) - take away from someone [CQ-Osage]

 

take from someone and go back

a-ki-niⁿ kde (kinį kd) - to take from someone and go back [JOD]

cf. a-ki-niⁿ (kinį) - have or keep for someone; kde (kd) - go home, to start homeward; a-niⁿ kde (an̨ kde) - to take homeward [JOD]; a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep

ex: aⁿ-ki-niⁿ kde (̨kinį kde) - taking her from me/he went back [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-ki-niⁿ kde tʰe (̨kinį kde tʰe) - he took her (it) from me and went back [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-ki-niⁿ kda-we (̨kinį kdwe) - taking it from me/they went back [JOD]

ex: toⁿ niⁿ-kʰe-ta aⁿ-ki-niⁿ kda-we (tt̨ nįkʰett ̨kinį kdwe) - they took it from me and returned to the village [JOD]

ex: a-ki-niⁿ kda-i (kin̨ kdi) - they took it from him to their home [JOD]

ex: a-ki-niⁿ kda-i taⁿ, a-ki-de aⁿ-ka-zhiⁿ naⁿ, a-ki-pʰi, a-ki-bniⁿ a-kdi (kin̨ kdi tą, akde ̨kaį ną, akpʰi, kibnį akd) - they took it from him, he told me to go get it, I went there for it, I brought it back to him [JOD]

 

take great care of

a-ki-toⁿ-we (kkitt̨we) - watch out for, beware of; take great care of; refrain from a-a-ki-toⁿ-we (akkitt̨we) - I, a-da-ki-toⁿ-we (dakkitt̨we) - you, oⁿ-ka-ki-toⁿ-wa-we (̨kakkittǫwawe) - we

cf. toⁿ-we (t̨we), taⁿ-we (t̨we) - look at something; a-taⁿ-we (tąwe), (ttąwe) - look upon; o-ki-toⁿ-we (kitt̨we) - depend on someone; o-toⁿ-we (ot̨we) - look at singular/animate/object; o-toⁿ-we (tǫwe) - look at plural/animate/objects; wa-ki-toⁿ-we (wakttǫwe) - scout for someone; wa-toⁿ-we (wat̨we) - scout, reconnoiter; wa-toⁿ-we de (wat̨we d) - go as a scout, reconnoitre

ex: a-ki-toⁿ-wa (kkittǫw) - take care!

ex: shi-zhi-ka a-ki-toⁿ-wa (ika kkittǫw) - take great care of the infant!

Dhegiha: a-gi-doⁿ-be (-gi-doⁿ-be) - watches over whatever is his own [FL-Osage]; a-ʰki-ʰtoⁿ-be (-ḳi-ṭoⁿ-be) - discreet, to guard ones self against trouble [FL-Osage]; a-ki-toⁿ-pe (kitǫpe) - watch over, tend someone who is not a family member or not close [CQ-Osage]; a-ki-ʰtoⁿ-pe (kiʰtǫpe) - watch over, look after, look at ones own things or people, watch over, look after, look at ones own [CQ-Osage]; a-ʰki-ʰtoⁿ-pe (ʰkiʰtǫpe) - watch over oneself, watch oneself, look at oneself, look after oneself, watch over each other, watch over things for oneself, watch over ones own things [CQ-Osage]; a-gi-doⁿ-be (gidoⁿbe) - look at something, examine something, watchover [Kaw]; a-ki-toⁿ-be (kitoⁿbe) - see for oneself, look at an object closely to understand for oneself, to scrutinize [Kaw]

 

take hold of but fumble

di-shta-te de-de (dittte dde) - take hold of but fumble bdi-shta-te de-a-de (bdttte dade) - I, ti-shta-te de-da-de (ttttte ddade) - you

Dhegiha: thi-zhna-de (thizhnde) - to pick up a small object quickly with the hand, and put it in the mouth, a bag, etc. [Omaha/Ponca]; yu-shta-je (yushtje) - pick up suddenly, grab up, snatch up [Kaw]

 

take hold of, seize, grasp

o-naⁿ (on̨) - take hold of, seize, grasp o-bnaⁿ (obn̨) - I, o-taⁿ (ott̨) - you, oⁿ-ko-naⁿ-we (ǫknąwe) - we

ex: o-wa-naⁿ (waną) - he grasped them [JOD]

ex: ma-shtiⁿ-ke wa-sa naⁿ-pa ni-kʰa o-wa-naⁿ i-ya (mat̨ke was nąp nikʰ waną iy) - the rabbit took hold of the two black bears, it is said (they say) [JOD]

ex: o-naⁿ (on̨) - he took hold of him [JOD]

ex: koi-shoⁿ-taⁿ miⁿ di-ze naⁿ ta-i-ta o-naⁿ a-taⁿ di-ba-xe naⁿ o-zhi-ha o-knaⁿ kaⁿ-niⁿ-kʰe (kįttą mį diz ną ttitta on̨ attą dibxe ną iha okną k̨-nįkʰ) - then he grabbed one, held it by the neck and broke it, then put it in a bag [JOD]

ex: o-naⁿ (on̨) - he seized him [JOD]

ex: naⁿ-ka-ti o-naⁿ taⁿ, wa-pa-iⁿ-ti o-bi-taⁿ-taⁿ-da niⁿ i-ya maⁿ-tʰo (n̨kka-tt on̨ tą, wappą-tti obttątt̨da n̨ iy mątʰ) - he (Grizzly bear) seized him (Rabbit) by the back and Grizzly bear rolled him over and over in the blood, it is said [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-thoⁿ (thoⁿ) - arrest, grab, to take hold of or arrest them [Omaha/Ponca]; u-thoⁿ (uthⁿ) - grasp, seize, hold, grab, to grasp or seize an animal or inanimate object [Omaha/Ponca]; u-thoⁿ (uthoⁿ) - catch, caught, clench, clasp, grasp, hold, handle [Omaha]; u-thoⁿ (u-thoⁿ) - to seize, to hold, to grasp [FL-Osage]

 

take homeward

a-niⁿ kde (an̨ kde) - to take homeward [JOD] a-bniⁿ a-kde (abn̨ akd) - I, a-tiⁿ da-kde (att̨ dakd) - you

cf. a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep; kde (kd) - go home, to start homeward; a-niⁿ de (an̨ d) - take away; a-niⁿ hi (an̨ hi) - take it thither [JOD]; a-niⁿ kdi (an̨ kdi) - to bring home [JOD]; a-niⁿ ki (an̨ k) - bring back here [JOD]; a-niⁿ tʰi (an̨ tʰ) - brought here; bring here; arrive here with something [JOD]

ex: a-ko-e a-niⁿ kde di-knaⁿ tʰaⁿ (koe an̨ kde dikn̨ tʰą) - quickly he decided/planned to take it home [JOD]

ex: a-niⁿ kde (an̨ kde) - he took it homeward [JOD]

ex: ni o-pa a-niⁿ kda-wi (n op an̨ kdwi) - they took him homeward along/following the water (river) [JOD]

ex: a-niⁿ kda-wi (an̨ kdwi) - they took her to their home [JOD]

Dhegiha: a-thiⁿ gthe (athⁿ gthe) - to carry any thing homeward from the place where the speaker is [Omaha/Ponca]; a-thiⁿ gthe (athiⁿgthe) - take home [Omaha]; a-thiⁿ gthe (a-thⁿ-gthe) - to take something home [FL-Osage]; a-thiⁿ le (ąlee), a-thiⁿ a-le (ąalee) - take back, take home; set out to take something home, back [CQ-Osage]

 

take it there

a-niⁿ hi (an̨ hi) - take it thither [JOD] a-bniⁿ pʰi (abn̨ pʰi) - I, a-tiⁿ shi (att̨ i) - you

cf. a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep; hi (hi) - arrive, reach there, have been; a-niⁿ de (an̨ d) - take away; a-niⁿ kde (an̨ kde) - to take homeward [JOD]; a-niⁿ kdi (an̨ kdi) - to bring home [JOD]; a-niⁿ ki (an̨ k) - bring back here [JOD]; a-niⁿ tʰi (an̨ tʰ) - brought here; bring here; arrive here with something [JOD]

ex: wa-di-si, ka-xtaⁿ, a-shi-ti aniⁿ hi a-taⁿ ka-xtaⁿ (wadis, kaxt̨, atti an̨ hi att̨ kaxt̨) - throw it away, pour it out, take it outside and pour it out! [JOD]

ex: a-shi-ti a-niⁿ hi a-taⁿ ka-xtaⁿ (itti an̨ hi ttą kaxt̨) - she took it outside and poured it out [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-niⁿ-hi-we (̨nį-hiw) - they took me thither [JOD]

ex: wi-e-haⁿ aⁿ-niⁿ-hi-we (wieh̨ ̨nį-hiw) - they took me there also [JOD]

Dhegiha: a-thiⁿ hi (athⁿ hi) - to arrive at a place (not here) with something not his own; to reach there with something not his own [Omaha/Ponca]; a-thiⁿ hi (a-thⁿ hi) - to reach a place with some object [FL-Osage]; a-thiⁿ hi (ąhi), a-thiⁿ a-hi (ąahi) - take there; bring there, deliver [CQ-Osage]

 

take off, remove a garment

di-ha-knaⁿ (dihkną) - take off, remove a garment bdi-ha-knaⁿ (bdhakną) - I, ti-ha-knaⁿ (tthakną) - you

ex: wa-tʰe a-bi-saⁿ-te koi-tʰe di-ha-knaⁿ da (watʰ bisątte kitʰe dihkną d) - go iron your dress!; go take off your dress and press it [AG]

 

take off, remove ones own

kdi-shto-te (kdittte) - take off, remove ones own a-kdi-shto-te (akdtotte) - I, da-kdi-shto-te (dakdtotte) - you

cf. di-shto-te (dittte) - pull off, uproot; o-di-shto-te (odtotte) - he pulled it off [JOD]; hi di-shto-te (hi dittte) - pull a tooth; ka-shto-te (kattte) - open a barrel; o-naⁿ-shto-te (on̨totte) - to kick off, remove by kicking [JOD]

Dhegiha: gthi-zhnu-de (gɔnude) - pulled off his [JOD-Omaha]; hoⁿ-be a-gthi-stsu-dse (hoⁿ-be a-gthi-stsu-dse) - I pulled off my moccasins [FL-Osage]; hoⁿ-be tha-gthi-stsu-dse (hoⁿ-b tha-gthi-stsu-dse) - you pulled off your moccasins [FL-Osage]

Dhegiha: thi-zhnu-de (iɔnde) - pulled off; pulling it off [JOD-Omaha]; shoⁿ-de thi-zhnu-de (sho ⁿd thizhnde) - to castrate, to pull out the contents of the scrotum [Omaha/Ponca]; we-thi-zhnu-de (wthizhnde) - tack drawer, something for pulling out [Omaha/Ponca]; gi-thi-zhnu-de (giɔnde) - he pulled out for him [JOD-Omaha]; a-ba-zhnu-de (bazhnde) - push off, shove off, as ones coat [Omaha/Ponca]; tha-zhnu-de (thazhnde) - to pull out a splinter or small nail with the teeth [Omaha/Ponca]; thi-stsu-dse (thi-sts-dse) - to draw or pull off; to draw, as to pull [FL-Osage]; a-noⁿ-stsu-dse (-noⁿ-stsu-dse) - kick off, as a shoe [FL-Osage]; thi-shto-e (iite), thi-shto-we (iitwe), thi-shto-wi (iitwi), thi-shto (iit) - take off or remove a garment; undress; remove or take off by pulling, pull off (e.g., a shoe or boot); pull (e.g., a tooth) to remove it [CQ-Osage]; yu-shto-je (yushtje) - remove a garment; take off an article of clothing; undress [Kaw]; yu-shtso-je (yushcje), yu-shto-je (yushtje) - pull up a peg, pull up on something [Kaw]

 

take ones own

kdi-ze (kdze) - take ones own a-kdi-ze (akdze) - I, da-kdi-ze (dakdze) - you

cf. di-ze (diz) - get, take, receive; ki-di-ze (kdize) - take from someone

ex: maⁿ-niⁿ kdi-za (mąn̨ kdiz) - go get it! [MS]

ex: aⁿ-da-kdi-ze (ądkdiz) - you take mine [JOD]

ex: pa-hi niⁿ-kʰe i-niⁿ-ha aⁿ-da-kdi-ze taⁿ ta-xaⁿ-da-ki-de taⁿ aⁿ-da-ki-kiⁿ da-kde te, i-ke naⁿ (ppah nįkʰ inįh ądkdiz tą txʔądkid tą ądkikʔį dakd tte, ik ną) - you take my head and you barbecue it (for me), you carry/pack it (for me) when you go home, he said to her [JOD]

ex: ma-hiⁿ kdi-ze (mhį kdiz) - then knife/take ones own [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ ma-hiⁿ kdi-ze naⁿ, i-ya (ę mhį kdiz ną, iy) - then he (Rabbit) took his knife, it is said [JOD]

ex: ma-hiⁿ kdi-ze (mhį kdize) - knife/took his own [JOD]

ex: ma-hiⁿ kdi-ze taⁿ te-naⁿ-te pa-se naⁿ, i-ya (mhį kdize-tą tten̨tte pse-ną, iy) - he (Rabbit) took his knife and cut off the heart, it is said [JOD]

ex: kdi-ze (kdze) - took her own [JOD]

ex: wa-xo zhi-ka niⁿ-kʰe wa-ba-tʰe o-zhi-ha niⁿ-kʰe kdi-ze (waxʔik nįkʰe wabtʰe iha nįkʰe kdze) - the old woman took her sewing bag [JOD]

ex: maⁿ-te kdi-ze (m̨tte kdze) - bow/took his own [JOD]

ex: hoⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi maⁿ-te kdi-ze naⁿ e-ti de i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (h̨tʰąhi m̨tte kdze ną tti d iy mat̨ke) - then, after some time, rabbit took his bow and went there, it is said [JOD]

ex: maⁿ-te kdi-ze taⁿ de, i-ya (m̨tte kdze tą d, iy) - he took his bow and went, it is said [JOD]

ex: e-zhi shi-naⁿ kdi-ze (i in̨ kdiz) - again, he took another (of his own) [JOD]

ex: shi-naⁿ miⁿ kdi-ze naⁿ (ną mį kdiz ną) - he took one (of his own) again [JOD]

ex: shi-naⁿ naⁿ miⁿ kdi-ze (ną ną mį kdiz) - he took one (of his own) again [JOD]

Dhegiha: gthi-ze (gze) - take ones own; seize ones own [JOD-Omaha]; gthu-ze (gth-e) - to recover, to take back ones own property [FL-Osage]; lu-ze (luze) - get, take, or take away ones own [CQ-Osage]; lu-ze (lze) - seize (take hold of) ones own property [Kaw]

 

take ones own along

i-da-kdi-xaⁿ (idkdix̨) - he took his own along [JOD]

ex: i-da-kdi-xaⁿ ko-e-kde (idkdix̨ kokde) - taking his own along, he started to run back [JOD]

 

take ones own and arrive or reach there

a-kda-niⁿ hi (akdnį h) - to take ones own and arrive or reach there

cf. a-kda-niⁿ (akdnį) - keep ones own (relation, property, etc.); having his own [JOD]; hi (hi) - arrive, reach there, have been; a-kda-niⁿ de (akdnį de) - to take ones own and go; a-kda-niⁿ kdi (akdnį kd) - to have brought back ones own

ex: zho-wa-ki-kde wa-kda-niⁿ hi (wakkde wkdanį h) - she with them, her own/she took them, her own, thither [JOD]

ex: koi-shoⁿ-taⁿ naⁿ-zha wa-xo zhi-ka shi-zhi-ka zho-wa-ki-kde wa-kda-niⁿ hi taⁿ a-di-xe (kįttą n̨a waxʔ ik nįkʰ ika wakkde wkdanį h tą adiγ) - and then the old woman married him, she took her children along with her [JOD]

Dhegiha: a-gtha-thiⁿ hi (agththiⁿ h) - to reach there with his own property [Omaha/Ponca]

 

take ones own and go

a-kda-niⁿ de (akdnį de) - to take ones own and go

cf. a-kda-niⁿ (akdnį) - keep ones own (relation, property, etc.); having his own [JOD]; de (de) - go; a-kda-niⁿ hi (akdnį h) - to take ones own and arrive or reach there; a-kda-niⁿ kdi (akdnį kd) - to have brought back ones own

ex: ti-a-ti kaⁿ a-kda-niⁿ de (ttatti ką kdan̨ d) - into the house/so/she carried her own [JOD]

ex: e e-ta taⁿ-ha kdi-ze a-taⁿ ti-a-ti kaⁿ a-kda-niⁿ de ( ett tąh kdze ttą ttatti ką kdan̨ d) - because it was hers, she took it (her own), she took it into the house [JOD]

Dhegiha: a-la-thiⁿ-the (alįee) - take ones own [CQ-Osage]

 

take ones own in the arms, embrace ones own, hug ones own

a-ki-te (kitte) - she took hers in her arm [JOD]

cf. a-te (tte) - climb

ex: iⁿ-spe a-ma-ka-ke a-ki-te naⁿ kde, i-ya-we (̨spe makak kitte n̨ kd, iywe) - ax/smaller than the others/she took hers in her arm/when/she started homeward/they say [JOD]

Dhegiha: a-gi-ne (gine) - to carry his own child in his arms; to embrace his own wife, etc. [Omaha/Ponca]; a-gi-je (ágije) - embrace or hug ones kin, as a spouse or child [Kaw]

Dhegiha: a-ne (ne) - to embrace, to put the arms around [Omaha/Ponca]; a-ne (ane) - hug; embrace [Omaha]; a-dse (-dse) - to embrace; to clasp in the arms with affection; to climb a tree [FL-Osage]; a-tse (ace) - climb, climb onto (by using the arms); embrace, wrap ones arms around [CQ-Osage]; a-je (áje) - embrace, hug (with or without affection); climb, hug a tree when climbing, wrap arms around a tree when climbing it [Kaw]

 

take or come after ones own

a-ki-niⁿ tʰi (kkinį tʰi) - to take or come after ones own

cf. a-ki-niⁿ (kkinį) - have or keep ones own; tʰi (tʰi) - arrive, to have come here

ex: wa-ki-niⁿ tʰi (wkinį tʰi) - he had come after them, his own [JOD]

 

take or destroy all, use up

ni-de hi (nid hi) - use up, take or destroy all ni-ade hi (niade hi) - I, ni-da-de hi (nidade hi) - you

cf. ni-ki-de (nkide) - to expend someones property; ni-wa-de (nwade) - exterminate, lit. leave none; wa-ni-de (wande) - to be generous, give away; wa-ni-ki-de (wankide) - give away someones property

Dhegiha: ni-the (n-the) - destroy, to get rid of; to exterminate; to destroy utterly; annihilate; to spend money, to give away ones own possessions till all are gone [FL-Osage]; ni-the (ne) - give away, divest oneself of; be out of, be lacking [CQ-Osage]; yiⁿ-ye (yⁿye) - exterminate, wipe out, to bring to nothing [Kaw]

Dhegiha: wa-thi e-the (wathi the) - give away [Omaha]; wa-ni-the (wane) - give things away, hold a giveaway; giveaway (ceremony at il̨ǫka dances and other special occasions) [CQ-Osage]; wa-yiⁿ-ye (wayⁿye) - give away freely, as gifts at a dance; to give to a stranger or to a member of another tribe [Kaw]

 

take out a piece of something

di-he-pe (dihep) - take out a piece of something bdi-he-pe (bdhepe) - I, ti-he-pe (tthepe) - you

cf. he-be (hbe), he-pe (hpe) - piece, part

Dhegiha: thi-he-be (thihbe) - to take out some of the meat when too much is in the kettle; thi-he-be (thi hebe) - decrease [Omaha]

Dhegiha: he-be (hbe) - partial; to be a part, piece, or portion of something [Omaha/Ponca]; he-be (hebe) - piece, part [Omaha]; he-be (h-be) - a piece, a part, portion [FL-Osage]; he-pe (hpe) - a small amount, approximately half a container; piece, part, some, a bit [Kaw]

 

take part with

a-ki-da-i (kid-i) - they took part with [JOD]

ex: koi-shoⁿ-taⁿ o-zha ka-ki da-i ke ka-hi-ke taⁿ-ka e-zhiⁿ-ke a-ki-da-i ke taⁿ hi (kįttą a kki d-i ke kahke ttąka ęke kkid-i k tą h) - then/to dance/there/they went/the plural/chief/large/his son/they took part with (=danced)/the plural/when/she arrived [JOD]

 

o-i-he (ih) - to join in

cf. e-ti o-i-he (tti ih) - follow, go with, attend

ex: o-zha aⁿ-ko-i-he-naⁿ-we (a ąkihe-ną-w) - dance/we joined in regularly [JOD]

Dhegiha: u-i-he (u--he) - to take part [FL-Osage]

Dhegiha: e-di u-i-he (di uhe) - to go with, follow, as with a leader of party; to attend, as a school or meeting; to be present at: to be a member of an association, etc. [Omaha/Ponca]

 

e-ti o-i-he (tti ih) - follow, go with, attend

cf. e-ti (tti) - there; o-i-he (ih) - to join in

ex: wi-e-naⁿ e-ti o-i-ha-zhi (wen̨ tti ohai) - I am the only one who did not join them (in abusing him) [JOD]

Dhegiha: e-di u-i-he (di uhe) - to go with, follow, as with a leader of party; to attend, as a school or meeting; to be present at: to be a member of an association, etc. [Omaha/Ponca]

Dhegiha: u-i-he (u--he) - to take part [FL-Osage]

 

take something there for someone

a-ki-niⁿ hi (kinį hi) - take something there for someone a-ki-bniⁿ pʰi (akbnį pʰ) - I, a-da-ki-tiⁿ shi (adkittį ) - you

cf. a-ki-niⁿ (kinį) - have or keep for someone; hi (hi) - arrive, reach there, have been; a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep

ex: a-ki-niⁿ hi (aknį h) - he took it thither to her [JOD]

ex: i-ka-zo-zo ka-xe a-taⁿ a-ki-niⁿ hi (kazzo kγe att̨ aknį h) - he wrote a letter and took it to her [JOD]

ex: koi-shoⁿ-taⁿ e-ti knoⁿ-ke te i-ka-zo-zo ka-xe a-taⁿ a-ki-niⁿ hi taⁿ toⁿ-we taⁿ naⁿ-zha, e-koⁿ te, i-ke (kįttą tti knǫk tte kazzo kγe att̨ aknį h tą t̨we tą n̨a, ek̨ tte, ik) - then he wrote the letter (asking) to marry and took it to her, when she looked at it she said, so shall it be (it will be so) [JOD]

ex: he-be a-ki-niⁿ hi (hbe kinį hi) - part/he took thither for him [JOD]

ex: da-tʰa-i tʰe he-be a-ki-niⁿ hi niⁿ naⁿ i-ya maⁿ-da-taⁿ (datʰa tʰe hbe kinį hi n̨ ną iy mąd-ttą) - he would secretly take a piece of what they ate to him, it is said [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ maⁿ-ʰto zhi-ka niⁿ he-be a-ki-niⁿ hi niⁿ naⁿ, i-ya (ę mątʰ ik n̨ hbe kinį h n̨ ną, iy) - then the young Grizzly bear took a piece for him (Rabbit), it is said [JOD]

ex: he-be wa-da-ki-tiⁿ shi (hbe wdakitt̨ ) - part/you took it thither for some one

ex: he-be wa-da-ki-tiⁿ shi a-zhaⁿ-miⁿ (hbe wdakitt̨ ąm̨) - I think that you took a piece for someone [JOD]

 

take, get, receive

di-ze (diz) - get, take, receive, grab bdi-ze (bdze) - I, ti-ze (ttze) - you, di-za-i (diz-i) - they

cf. si-ka di-ze (skka dze) - hawk, chicken hawk, lit. grab a chicken [MS]; kdi-ze (kdze) - take ones own; ki-di-ze (kdize) - take from someone; wa-di-ze di-ze (wadze diz) - to get goods on credit; wa-di-ze (wadze) - credit, debt; wa-di-ze a-ki-niⁿ (wadze kinį) - owe something to someone; ni-zhi di-ze (ni diz) - buy on credit; si di-ze (si dze) - raise the foot as in walking; si di-ze de-de (si dze dde) - stride, make a step

ex: di-za (diz) - get it! (command form) [MS]

ex: bdi-ze (bdze) - Ill take it [MR]

ex: bdi-ze (bdze) - I took it [JOD]

ex: bdi-za-zhi (bdzai) - I took not [JOD]

ex: wi-zhiⁿ-de, ta-taⁿ bdi-za-zhi hi, i-yi i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (wįde, tttą bdzai h, iy iy mat̨ke) - my elder brother, I have taken nothing at all, it is said Rabbit said [JOD]

ex: wa-bdi-xe a-taⁿ wa-bdi-ze (wabdxe att̨ wbdize) - I chased them and I caught them [JOD]

ex: si-ka taⁿ-ka zho-hi hi to-kʰe-taⁿ, wa-bdi-xe a-taⁿ wa-bdi-ze, ko-zhi da-zhi hi bdi-ze  (skka tt̨ka hi h tokʰtą, wabdxe att̨ wbdize, kki di hi bdze) - there were many turkeys there then, I chased them and I caught them, it didnt go very far, I caught it [JOD]

ex: wi-bdi-ze (wibdze) - I get for you [JOD]

ex: wa-zhiⁿ-ka wa-da-ki-te naⁿ maⁿ wi-bdi-ze a-maⁿ-bdiⁿ tʰe a-shi-aⁿ-he a-ni-he (wąka wadkkitt n̨ m̨ wibdze am̨bdį tʰe įhe anih) - when you shoot the birds, Ill walk behind you getting the arrows for you [JOD]

ex: shi-naⁿ wa-zhiⁿ-ka te-da-de naⁿ-haⁿ wi-bdi-ze a-maⁿ-bdiⁿ tʰe a-shi-aⁿ-he (in̨ wąka tʔdade nąh̨ wibdze am̨bdį tʰe įhe) - if you kill a bird again, Ill walk behind and get it for you [JOD]

ex: ti-ze (ttiz) - you take [JOD]

ex: ta-taⁿ ti-ze e, i-yi i-ya maⁿ-tʰo (tttą ttiz e, iy iy mątʰ) - what have you taken? it is said Grizzly bear said? [JOD]

ex: di-ze (diz) - she took it [JOD]

ex: wa-shiⁿ tʰe di-ze naⁿ, i-ya (wą tʰe diz-ną, iy) - she took the fat meat (into the lodge), it is said [JOD]

ex: di-ze (diz) - took it [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ ma-shtiⁿ-ke wa-pa-iⁿ he-be di-ze naⁿ i-pi-da-taⁿ-ti naⁿ, i-ya (ę mat̨ke wappą hbe diz ną ppidttą-tt okkną ną, iy) - then Rabbit took part of the blood and put it in his belt, it is said [JOD]

ex: di-ze (diz) - he took it [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ de niⁿ-kʰe wa-pa-iⁿ di-ze niⁿ-kʰe ti xi-te a-ba-knaⁿ-ta i-naⁿ-de naⁿ iy ma-shtiⁿ-ke (ę d nįkʰe wappą diz nįkʰ tti xtte baknątta in̨de ną iy mat̨ke) - then Rabbit placed the blood which he had taken by the side of the lodge, it is said [JOD]

ex: miⁿ di-ze (mį diz) - he grabbed one [JOD]

ex: zhoⁿ di-ze hi, i-ya-we (̨ dze h, iywe) - she went to get wood, they said [JOD]

ex: ka-ni-ke, i-ya-taⁿ wa-di-ze niⁿ (kanik, iy-tą wa-dze nį) - he said, thanks! when he took them [JOD]

ex: di-za-i (diz-i) - they took it [JOD]

ex: she-mi e-zhi ke hi taⁿ wa-hiⁿ-ska ho-taⁿ kʰe za-ni di-za-i taⁿ wa-haⁿ-niⁿ-ke taⁿ e-naⁿ kaⁿ-tʰaⁿ (mi i ke h tą wah̨ska httą kʰe zan diz-i tą wah̨nįk tą en̨ ką-tʰą) - when the other girls arrived, they took all the good calico, the orphan just stood there [JOD]

ex: aⁿ-di-za-i (ądiza) - they get it for me [JOD]

ex: maⁿ ki-di-ze (mą kidize) - he got the arrow for him [JOD]

ex: koi-shoⁿ-taⁿ miⁿ di-ze naⁿ ta-i-ta o-naⁿ a-taⁿ di-ba-xe naⁿ o-zhi-ha o-knaⁿ kaⁿ-niⁿ-kʰe (kįttą mį diz ną ttitta oną attą dibxe ną iha okną k̨-nįkʰ) - then he grabbed one, held it by the neck and broke it, then put it in a bag [JOD]

Dhegiha: thi-ze (thiz) - to take, accept, receive; to take up an object [Omaha/Ponca]; thi-ze (the), (thize) - take, receive; draw out, take out, anybody accepts [Omaha]; thi-ze (iz) - take, took, receive, seize, accept [JOD-Omaha]; thu-ze (thu-) - to take, to receive or accept [FL-Osage]; thu-ze (uuz) - select, choose, take, get, draw water, gather or pick fruit [CQ-Osage]; yu-ze (yuz) - get, take, accept [Kaw]

 

taken, to have someones property

a-ki-niⁿ hi-de (kinį hid) - to have taken someones property a-ki-bniⁿ hi-bde (akbnį hibd) - I, a-da-ki-tiⁿ hi-te (adkittį hitte) - you

cf. a-ki-niⁿ (kinį) - have or keep for someone; hi-de (hid) - go, to have gone somewhere; to send here; cause to come here; precipitate, as rain, snow; a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep

Dhegiha: hi-the (h-ĕ) - to cause him, her, or it to reach there (not his home) [JOD-Omaha]; hi-the (hi-th) - to have gone; to have departed; to cause to reach there; to send thither [FL-Osage]; hi-the (he) - send there, lit., cause to arrive there [CQ-Osage]; hi-ye (hiyé) - to have gone (somewhere); send, lit. cause to arrive there [Kaw]; hi-ye (hiyé), i-ye (iyé) - to have gone to a particular place; to have set, as the sun [Kaw]

Dhegiha: i-the (-ĕ) - to send hither [JOD-Omaha]; hiu-the (hi-the) - to cause to come [FL-Osage]; hu-the (he) - cause to come here, send here; hand over, hand to, pass to by hand or other means; come here [CQ-Osage]; hu-ye (húye) - relating to weather: blowing, precipitating [Kaw]

 

talk against, not defend

o-do-ki-zhi (odkkii) - talk against, not defend o-do-ki-zhi (odakki) - I, o-do-da-ki-zhi (oddakki) - you

cf. o-do-wa-ki (odwakki) - to side with them [JOD]; zhi (i) - negative, not, negation

Dhegiha: u-thu-ki (u-th-ki) - to defend, to defend a friend or relative in a fight or altercation, to uphold in an argument [FL-Osage]

 

talk back to, insist

i-ho-shi (hoi) - insist, talk back to i-da-ho-shi (idhoi) - I, i-da-ho-shi (dahoi) - you

cf. i-ho-de (hode) - ask, consult about something; i-ho-sa (hosa) - scold, reprove

 

talk clear, interpreter

i-ye-wa-ska (iywaska) - interpreter, lit. talk clear

cf. i-ye (ye) - talk, speak; i-ye (iy), i-e (i) - say; i-ye (ye) - word; wa-ska (wska) - clear, intelligible

Dhegiha: i-e-wa-ska (-e-wa-ka) - an interpreter, translator [FL-Osage]; i-e wa-ska (e wask) - clear words, interpreter [CQ-Osage]; i-e wa-ska (e wask) - talk clearly, intelligibly, plainly, to interpret, interpreter [Kaw]

Dhegiha: i-e-ska (iskă) - interpreter, speak well, interpret, to speak a language plainly, to act as an interpreter [Omaha/Ponca]; i-e-ska (ika) - interpreter [Omaha]; i-e-ska (eska) - speak clearly; clear words, clear language [CQ-Osage]

 

talk correctly

da-shnaⁿ-zhi (dan̨i) - talk correctly bda-shnaⁿ-zhi (bdnąi) - I, ta-shnaⁿ-zhi (ttnąi) - you

cf. da (da) - by mouth; da-shnoⁿ-da (dan̨da) - slip in eating, talking, etc.; da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi (dan̨nąi) - eat without dribbling

Dhegiha: tha-zhnoⁿ (thazhnⁿ) - miss, misspeak, mispronounce, to miss with the mouth, to slip in putting something in the mouth, speaking, reading, or singing [Omaha/Ponca]

 

talk loud

i-e wa-shkaⁿ-hi ki-de (e wak̨hi kide) - to talk loud

cf. i-e (e), i-ye (ye) - talk, speak; word; wa-shkaⁿ-hi (wak̨hi), wa-shkoⁿ-hi (wak̨hi) - hard, with great effort; ki-de (kde) - cause

ex: i-e wa-shkaⁿ-hi aⁿ-da-ki-de (e wak̨hi ̨dakide) - make loud talking (you talk louder to me) [MS]

 

i-e so-te (e sott) - loud talk (talk fast) [OM]

cf. i-e (e), i-ye (ye) - talk, speak; word; so-te (sott) - fast, swift of an animal; rapidly

 

talk or speak very plainly

i-ye da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi (ye dan̨nąi) - speak very plainly, making no mistakes now and then [JOD]

cf. da (da) - by mouth; i-e (e), i-ye (ye) - talk, speak; word; da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi (dan̨nąi) - eat without dribbling; da-shnaⁿ-zhi (dan̨i) - talk correctly; da-shnoⁿ-da (dan̨da) - slip in eating, talking, etc.

ex: i-ye da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi pa (ye dan̨nąi-pp) - speak very plainly, making no mistakes now and then/the ones who [JOD]

ex: e-ska, wi-zhiⁿ-ke, shi-zhi-ka o-ki-ki-a-wi taⁿ i-ye da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi pa e-koⁿ koⁿ, i-yi i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (ska, wįke, ika okkkkiawi-tą ye dan̨nąi-pp kǫ kk̨, iy iy mat̨ke) - Oh my son I hope that you become like children who speak to one another very plainly without missing a word, it is said Rabbit said [JOD]

Dhegiha: e-de-tha-zhnoⁿ-e-zhi (edthazhnⁿezhi) - to speak plainly, without missing any words or syllables; to speak like a child that is about two or three years old [Omaha/Ponca]; tha-zhnoⁿ (thazhnⁿ) - miss, misspeak, mispronounce, to miss with the mouth, to slip in putting something in the mouth, speaking, reading, or singing [Omaha/Ponca]

 

talk or speak with one with one

o-ki-e (okkie), o-ki (ok), o-ke (okk), o-kye (okye) - speak, talk with one o-a-ki-e (okkie) - I, o-da-ki-e (odkkie) - you

cf. i-e (i), i-ye (iy), e (e) - say; quotative, non-hearsay evidential; i-e (e), i-ye (ye) - word; talk, speak; o-ki-ki-e (okkkie) - talk to a relation; o-ki-ki-e (okkkkie) - talk to each other or oneself

ex: aⁿ-ki-a (̨kki) - talk to me! (command) [MS]

ex: o-a-ki-a-zhi (okkii) - I did not talk to him [JOD]

ex: wi-zhiⁿ-de, be o-a-ki-a-zhi (wįde, b okkii) - elder brother, I was not talking to anyone [JOD]

ex: ka-shoⁿ o-wi-ki miⁿ-kʰe (kaǫ owikki mįkʰ) - thats all I have to say to you [MS]

ex: o-wi-ki ta miⁿ-kʰe (owikki tta mįkʰ) - Im going to talk to you [MS]

ex: o-wi-ki ta miⁿ-kʰe, she-to da-bniⁿ aⁿ-ki-shte, she-mi she-to aⁿ-niⁿ-ke (owikki tta mįkʰ tto dbnį ̨kit, semi tto ąnke) - Im going to tell you something, I only have three boys remaining (still alive), I have already lost a boy and a girl [MS]

ex: o-da-ki-e (odkkie) - you talk to him [JOD]

ex: ka niⁿ-kʰe be o-da-ki-e e, i-yi i-ya maⁿ-tʰo (k nįkʰ b odkkie e, iy iy mątʰ) - who is that you are talking to? it is said Grizzly bear said [JOD]

ex: o-ki-e (okki) - he spoke to it [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ o-ki-e a-da-shtaⁿ taⁿ (ę okki dat̨-tą) - and when he stopped talking to him [JOD]

ex: o-wa-ki-e (wakkie) - he talks to them [JOD]

ex: ma-shtiⁿ-ke wa-sa naⁿ-pa ni-kʰa o-wa-ki-e, i-ya (mat̨ke was n̨pa nikʰa wakkie, iy) - the rabbit spoke to the two black bears, it is said (they say) [JOD]

ex: maⁿ-shi o-ki (m̨i okk), mo-sho-ki (mokki) - Christian, lit. talks on high

ex: maⁿ-shi o-ki niⁿ-kʰe (mą́i okk nįkʰ) - pray (he/she is praying) [MS]

ex: maⁿ-shi o-ki o-ti (m̨i okk tti) - church, house to talk above

Dhegiha: u-ki-ye (ukiye) - talk to, talk with, date, court [Omaha]; u-ki-e (-ki-e) - to speak or talk with them; to pay a friendly visit to another tribe [JOD-Omaha]; u-ki-e (u-ki-) - to speak or talk with; to court a woman [JOD-Omaha]; u-ʰki-e (u-ḳ-e) - to speak or talk to one another; to hold an interview [FL-Osage]; o-ʰki-e (oʰke), o-ʰki (oʰk) - call on the phone, converse with, interview, talk with or to; get together, meeting of a group of people to converse [CQ-Osage]; o-ki-e (oke) - speak to, talk to; to court a woman [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-gi-ki-e (u-g-ki-e) - to talk with his own relation or friend [JOD-Omaha]; u-gi-ʰki-e (u-g-ḳi-e) - to speak to a friend or some relation [FL-Osage]; o-ki-ʰki-e (okʰkie) - speak to ones own relative, family, or friends [CQ-Osage]; o-gi-ki-ye (ogkiye) - talk with ones own (kinsman or friend) [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-ki-ki-e (ukkie) - to talk together [JOD-Omaha]; u-ki-ki-ye (ukikiye) - court, converse, conversation [Omaha]; u-ʰki-ʰki-e (u-ḳ-ḳi-e) - to speak to one another, to hold a conversation, talk together or to each other, a dialogue [FL-Osage]; o-ʰki-ʰki-e (oʰkʰkie) - talk with one another, converse with each other (usually more than two people) [CQ-Osage]

Dhegiha: i-e (e) - to speak, word [JOD-Omaha]; i-ye (iye) - speak, talk, speaker, word language [Omaha]; i-e (-e) - a language; to speak [FL-Osage]; i-e (e) - talk about, discuss, speak of, talk, say, speak, make a speech or talk, speak a language, word, words, language, teachings, ones word, speech, prayer [CQ-Osage]; i-e (e) - speak; speech, language, sentence [Kaw]

Dhegiha: e (e) - say [FL-Osage]; e (e) - say; ask or tell someone to do something [CQ-Osage]; e (e) - say [Kaw]

 

talk to a relation

o-ki-ki-e (okkkie) - talk to a relation o-a-ki-ki-e (okikkie) - I, o-da-ki-ki-e (odkikkie) - you

cf: o-ki-e (okkie), o-ki (okk), o-ke (okk), o-kye (okye) - speak, talk with one; o-ki-ki-e (okkkkie) - talk to each other or oneself; o-ki-ke-ye (okkkeye) - to have talked to a relation

Dhegiha: u-gi-ki-e (u-g-ki-e) - to talk with his own relation or friend [JOD-Omaha]; u-gi-ʰki-e (u-g-ḳi-e) - to speak to a friend or some relation [FL-Osage]; o-ki-ʰki-e (okʰkie) - speak to ones own relative, family, or friends [CQ-Osage]; o-gi-ki-ye (ogíkiye) - talk with ones own (kinsman or friend) [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-ki-ki-e (u-k-ki-e) - talk to; to talk to himself [JOD-Omaha]; u-ki-ki-e (ukkie), u-ki-ki-ye (ukikiye) - court; chat, converse, conversation [Omaha]; u-ʰki-ʰki-e (u-ḳ-ḳi-e) - to speak to one another; to hold a conversation; a dialogue [FL-Osage]; o-ʰki-ʰki-e (oʰkʰkie) - talk with one another, converse with each other [CQ-Osage]; o-ki-ki-e (okíkie) - talk with one another [Kaw]

 

o-ki-ke-ye (okkkeye) - to have talked to a relation o-a-ki-ke-ye (okikkeye) - I, o-da-ki-ke-ye (odkikkeye) - you

cf: o-ki-e (okkie), o-ki (okk), o-ke (okk), o-kye (okye) - speak, talk with one; o-ki-ki-e (okkkkie) - talk to each other or oneself; o-ki-ki-e (okkkie) - talk to a relation; ye (ye), e (e) - past suffix

Dhegiha: u-gi-ki-e (u-g-ki-e) - to talk with his own relation or friend [JOD-Omaha]; u-gi-ʰki-e (u-g-ḳi-e) - to speak to a friend or some relation [FL-Osage]; o-ki-ʰki-e (okʰkie) - speak to ones own relative, family, or friends [CQ-Osage]; o-gi-ki-ye (ogíkiye) - talk with ones own (kinsman or friend) [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-ki-ki-e (u-k-ki-e) - talk to; to talk to himself [JOD-Omaha]; u-ki-ki-e (ukkie), u-ki-ki-ye (ukikiye) - court; chat, converse, conversation [Omaha]; u-ʰki-ʰki-e (u-ḳ-ḳi-e) - to speak to one another; to hold a conversation; a dialogue [FL-Osage]; o-ʰki-ʰki-e (oʰkʰkie) - talk with one another, converse with each other [CQ-Osage]; o-ki-ki-e (okíkie) - talk with one another [Kaw]

 

talk to each other or oneself

o-ki-ki-e (okkkkie) - talk to each other or oneself o-a-ki-ki-e (okkikkie) - I, o-da-ki-ki-e (odkkikkie) - you, o-ki-ki-a-wi (okkkkiawi) - they

cf. o-ki-e (okkie), o-ki (okk), o-ke (okk), o-kye (okye) - speak, talk with one; court a girl; o-ki-ki-e (okkkie) - talk to a relation; i-e (e), i-ye (ye) - word; talk, speak; i-e (i), i-ye (iy), e (e) - say; quotative, non-hearsay evidential

ex: wi-e o-a-ki-ki-e a-kniⁿ miⁿ-kʰe (we okkkkie akn̨ mįkʰ) - I/I talk to myself/I sit/I who sit (I am sitting) [JOD]

ex: wi-e o-a-ki-ki-e a-kniⁿ miⁿ-kʰe, i-yi i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (we okkkkie akn̨ mįkʰ, iy iy mat̨ke) - I am just sitting here talking to myself, it is said rabbit said [JOD]

ex: shi-zhi-ka o-ki-ki-e i-ye tʰi-kda-kda-pa (ika okkkkie ye tʰkdakd-ppa) - children (boys)/talking to one another/to speak/they begin suddenly now and then/the ones who [JOD]

ex: e-ska, wi-zhiⁿ-ke, shi-zhi-ka o-ki-ki-e i-ye tʰi-kda-kda-pa e-koⁿ kaⁿ, i-yi i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (ska, wįke, ika okkkkie ye tʰkdakd-ppa ek̨ kką, iy iy mat̨ke) - oh my son I hope that you become like children who begin to talk, saying words here and there, not speaking plainly or connectedly, it is said Rabbit said [JOD]

ex: shi-zhi-ka o-ki-ki-a-wi taⁿ i-ye da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi pa (ika okkkkiawi-tą ye dan̨nąi-pp) - children (boys)/they talk to one another/when/speak very plainly, making no mistakes now and then/the ones who [JOD]

ex: e-ska, wi-zhiⁿ-ke, shi-zhi-ka o-ki-ki-a-wi taⁿ i-ye da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi pa e-koⁿ kaⁿ, i-yi i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (ska, wįke, ika okkkkiawi-tą ye dan̨nąi-pp kǫ kką, iy iy mat̨ke) - oh my son I hope that you become like children who speak to one another very plainly without missing a word, it is said Rabbit said [JOD]

Dhegiha: u-ki-ki-e (ukkie) - to talk together [JOD-Omaha]; u-ki-ki-ye (ukikiye) - court, converse, conversation [Omaha]; u-ʰki-ʰki-e (u-ḳ-ḳi-e) - to speak to one another, to hold a conversation, talk together or to each other, a dialogue [FL-Osage]; o-ʰki-ʰki-e (oʰkʰkie) - talk with one another, converse with each other (usually more than two people) [CQ-Osage]

Dhegiha: u-gi-ki-e (u-g-ki-e) - to talk with his own relation or friend [JOD-Omaha]; u-gi-ʰki-e (u-g-ḳi-e) - to speak to a friend or some relation [FL-Osage]; o-ki-ʰki-e (okʰkie) - speak to ones own relative, family, or friends [CQ-Osage]; o-gi-ki-ye (ogkiye) - talk with ones own (kinsman or friend) [Kaw]

 

talk, house to talk above

maⁿ-shi o-ki o-ti (m̨i okk tti) - church, house to talk above

cf. maⁿ-shi (mą) - upper, upward; heaven; o-ki-e (okkie), o-ki (ok), o-ke (okk), o-kye (okye) - speak, talk with one; o-ti (ott) - house for, house of, house to; maⁿ-shi o-ki (m̨i okk), mo-sho-ki (mokki) - Christian, lit. talks on high

 

talk, speak

i-e (e), i-ye (ye) - talk, speak; word i-da (id) - I, i-da (da) - you, aⁿ-naⁿ-we (ąn̨we) - we

i-e (i-eh) - speak, talk (parler) [GI]

cf. i-ye (iy), e (e) - say; i-ye (iy), i-ya (iy) - it is said, quotative, hearsay evidential, they say; i-ye si-ze-ni-ke ka-xe (ye siznike kγe) - abrogate; i-ye shtaⁿ (yet̨) - talker, loquacious person; i-ye-ye (iyye) - to have spoken, yesterday or before

ex: wa-xo kʰe i-ye kʰe (waxʔ kʰe ye kʰe) - the woman spoke [JOD]

ex: de i-ye miⁿ-kʰe hi koⁿ-da (d ye m̨kʰe hi kǫd) - this/speaks/tells the truth/very/desires [JOD]

ex: de iⁿ-xo-wa-zhi hi naⁿ, de i-ye miⁿ-kʰe hi koⁿ-da, a-kʰe (d įxowi h ną, d ye m̨kʰe hi kǫd, akʰ) - this one tells no lies, this one wants to speak the truth, it is the one [JOD]

ex: i-ye da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi pa (ye dan̨nąi-pp) - speak very plainly, making no mistakes now and then/the ones who [JOD]

ex: e-ska, wi-zhiⁿ-ke, shi-zhi-ka o-ki-ki-a-wi taⁿ i-ye da-shnaⁿ-shnaⁿ-zhi pa e-koⁿ koⁿ, i-yi i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (ska, wįke, ika okkkkiawi-tą ye dan̨nąi-pp kǫ kk̨, iy iy mat̨ke) - Oh my son I hope that you become like children who speak to one another very plainly without missing a word, it is said Rabbit said [JOD]

ex: i-ye aⁿ-ta-zho-zhi de (ye ̨ttai d) - words/you injure me with your mouth/really [JOD]

ex: i-di-na-zhiⁿ di-taⁿ i-bniⁿ-aⁿ taⁿ i-ye aⁿ-ta-zho-zhi de, i-yi i-ya maⁿ-tʰo (dinį ditt̨ bn̨ą t̨ ye ̨ttai d, iy iy mątʰ) - I think that you speak so improperly to me on account of you depending on someone to help you, it is said Grizzly bear said.

 [JOD]

ex: i-ye tʰi-kda-kda-pa (ye tʰkdakd-ppa) - to speak/they begin suddenly now and then/the ones who [JOD]

ex: e-ska, wi-zhiⁿ-ke, shi-zhi-ka o-ki-ki-e i-ye tʰi-kda-kda-pa e-koⁿ koⁿ, i-yi i-ya ma-shtiⁿ-ke (ska, wįke, ika okkkkie ye tʰkdakd-ppa ek̨ kk̨, iy iy mat̨ke) - my child, I wish that you would become like children who begin to speak suddenly to one another. it is said Rabbit said [JOD]

Dhegiha: i-e (e) - to speak, word [JOD-Omaha]; i-ye (iye) - speak, talk, speaker, word language [Omaha]; i-e (-e) - a language; to speak [FL-Osage]; i-e (e) - talk about, discuss, speak of, talk, say, speak, make a speech or talk, speak a language, word, words, language, teachings, ones word, speech, prayer [CQ-Osage]; i-e (e) - speak; speech, language, sentence [Kaw]

 

i-e (i), i-ye (iy), e (e) - say i-he (ih) - I, i-she (i) - you, i-e (i), i-ye (iy) - he/she, i-ya-we (iywe) - they, aⁿ-naⁿ-we (ąn̨we) - we

cf. i-e (e) - talk [MS, AG, OM]; i-e (i-eh) - speak, talk (parler) [GI]; i-ye (ye) - word; i-ye (iy) - quotative, non-hearsay eviden.; i-ye (ye) - talk, speak

Dhegiha: i-ye (iye), i-e (ie) - speak; talk; speaker; word; language [Omaha]; i-e (-e) - word; speak; spoke; say [JOD-Omaha]; i-e (-e) - to speak; a language [FL-Osage]; i-e (e) - talk about, discuss, speak of; talk, say, speak, make a speech or talk; speak a language; word, words; language; teachings, ones word; speech; prayer [CQ-Osage]; i-e (e) - speak; speech, language, sentence [Kaw]

Dhegiha: e (e) - say [FL-Osage]; e (e) - say [CQ-Osage]; e (e), (ee) - say [Kaw]

 

i-he (ih) - I say

ex: i-he (ih) - I said it [JOD]

ex: e-ti te na-ha i-he naⁿ (tti tt nah ih ną) - you do not go there, Ive been saying [JOD]

ex: she-he (e ih) - I said that [JOD]

ex: iⁿ-kaⁿ-e! te-a-de kaⁿ she-he (įkk̨-e! tʔed k̨ e ih) - O my grandmother! I said that because I killed him [JOD]

ex: she-he (he) - I say that [JOD]

ex: she-he a-ni-he (he nihe) - I have been saying that [JOD]

ex: haⁿ-aⁿ-zhi i-he aⁿ-maⁿ (h̨ą ih ąm̨) - I usually say no [JOD]

ex: wa-xo to-wa ti-kde ha-ki i-da-we, i-he (waxʔ twa ttkde hak idwe, ih) - where have the four women that live together gone too, I say [JOD]

 

i-she (i) - you say

ex: de ta-taⁿ i-she (de tttą i) - what do you say this is?; what do you call this? [JOD]

ex: i-she naⁿ (i ną) - you said/regularly [JOD]

ex: haⁿ i-she naⁿ e (h̨ i ną e) - what do you usually say? [JOD]

ex: haⁿ i-she (hą i) - what did you say? [MS]

ex: hoⁿ she (h̨ ) - what did you say? [OM]

ex: i-e i-she ni-she (e i ni) - you said it [AG]

ex: kdaⁿ-ni-ke ki-baⁿ, i-she koⁿ-bda zhi, kdaⁿ-ni-ke ki-baⁿ taⁿ (kdąnke kibą, i kkǫbd i, kdąnke kibą tą) - I dont want you to say, when Im drinking around here [MS]

ex: ko-i-she e (ki i e) - you say that/? [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ, i-kaⁿ-e! haⁿ-niⁿ-taⁿ ko-i-she e, i-yi i-ya (ę, ikk̨-e! hąn̨ttą ki i e, iy iy) - and then he said, grandmother, why do you say that? it is said [JOD]

ex: ko-i-she-sha-zhi (kie-i) - you did not say those [JOD]

ex: ho-ho-xo! ma-shtiⁿ-ke, i-ye tʰe ko-i-she-sha-zhi naⁿ niⁿ-tʰe (hhox! mat̨ke, ye tʰe kie-i n̨ nįtʰ) - really! rabbit, you have never talked in this manner before now [JOD]

ex: i-she (i) - you say it [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ ma-shtiⁿ-ke, haⁿ! haⁿ! haⁿ! i-she na-ha! i-yi i-ya (ę mat̨ke, h̨! h̨! h̨! i nah! iy iy) - then rabbit said, beware lest you say, haⁿ! haⁿ! haⁿ! it is said [JOD]

ex: ta-taⁿ i-ta-tʰe i-she naⁿ e-kaⁿ pa-xe te (tttą ttatʰe i ną ek̨ ppγe tt) - whatever you say you want to eat, I will make it like that [JOD]

 

i-e (i), i-ye (iy) - he or she say

ex: i-ye niⁿ (iy nį) - she said/the moving object [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ shi e-koⁿ, te-di-da-we, i-ye niⁿ, i-ya (ę i ek̨, tʔdidawĕ, iy nį, iy) - then you went and thus, they killed you, she was saying, it is said [JOD]

ex: o-da-ke tʰi i-ye (odke tʰ iy) - to tell news/has come/he says [JOD]

ex: hau, ma-shtiⁿ-ke o-da-ke tʰi i-ye, i-ke-ya-we niⁿ, i-ya (hau, mat̨ke odke tʰ iy, keywe n̨, iy) - ho, rabbit says that he has come to tell us something, they said to one another, it is said [JOD]

 

i-ya-we (iywe) - they say

ex: i-ya-we (iywe) - they said [JOD]

ex: hoⁿ-niⁿ-taⁿ za-ni te-a-wa-dai ni-hoⁿ, i-ya-we i-ya wa-sa ke (hǫn̨ttą zan tʔewada nih̨, iywe iy was ke) - how could anyone kill all of us?, the black bears said, it is said [JOD]

ex: i-ya-we (iywe) - they (plural) said [JOD]

ex: hi-we! o-da! i-ya-we, i-ya (hiw! od! iywe, iy) - they (the black bears) said, come! tell it! it is said [JOD]

 

i-ye ną-we (iynaⁿw) - they say often

ex: i-ye ną-we (iynaⁿw) - they said often [JOD]

ex: hoo! hoo! hoo! i-ye ną-we i-ya (hoo! hoo! hoo! iy-naⁿ-w iy) - hoo! hoo! hoo! it is said they (the owls) said [JOD]

ex: i-ye ną-we (iynaⁿw) - they said (in the past) [JOD]

ex: wi-e! wi-e! wi-e! i-ye ną-we, i-ya (we! we! we! iy-naⁿ-w, iy) - me! me! me! they said, it is said [JOD]

 

aⁿ-naⁿ-we (ąn̨we) - we say

 

talk, to not talk

i-a-zhi (a), i-ya-zhi (yai) - to not speak; a mute

cf. i-e (ie), i-ye (ye) - talk, speak; zhi (i) - negative, negation, not

ex: i-ya-zhi (yai) - he/she spoke not [JOD]

Dhegiha: i-a-zhi (azhi) - not to speak, to be silent, negation of i-e (e) [Omaha/Ponca]; i-a-zhi (-a-zhi) - a mute, reticent, speak not [FL-Osage]; i-a-zhi (ai) - to say nothing [CQ-Osage]

 

talker, loquacious person

i-ye-shtaⁿ (yet̨) - talker, loquacious person

cf. i-ye (ye), i-e (e) - talk, speak, word, language; shtaⁿ (tą) - habitual aspect suffix

Dhegiha: i-e-shtoⁿ (-e-shtoⁿ) - a talkative person [FL-Osage]; i-e-shtaⁿ (etą) - talker, one who talks too much, is mouthy, or interrupts, lit., talks constantly [CQ-Osage]; i-e-shtaⁿ (eshtaⁿ) - a great talker, one who likes to talk [Kaw]

 

i-e ki-da-kni (i kidkni) - he likes to talk [MS]

cf. i-ye (ye), i-e (e) - talk, speak, word, language; ki-da-kni (kidkni), ki-da-kniⁿ (kdaknį) - happy, pleased, to like

Dhegiha: gi-tha-gthiⁿ (g-tha-gthiⁿ) - happy, pleased [FL-Osage]; ki-tha-liⁿ (kilį) - be glad, feel good, also used as an equivalent of thank you, like, enjoy, be happy about, be pleased with [CQ-Osage]; gi-ya-le (gyale) - be happy [Kaw]

 

i-ye a-ta-ha (ye attah) - he/she talks too much

cf. i-ye (ye), i-e (e) - talk, speak, word, language; a-ta-ha (ttaha) - too, exceedingly, much, often, always

ex: i-ye a-ta-ha (ye attah) - he talks/too much [JOD]

ex: o! ka-tʰaⁿ wa-zhiⁿ de-da-zhi hi e-de, i-ye a-ta-ha (o! ktʰą wą ddai hi ed, ye attah) - pshaw! I have sure enough lost my patience with him, he talks too much [JOD]

 

talking, slip in eating or talking

da-shnoⁿ-da (dan̨da) - slip in eating, talking, etc. bda-shnoⁿ-da (bdnǫda) - I, ta-shnoⁿ-da (ttnǫda) - you

cf. da (da) - by mouth; ba-shnoⁿ-da (ban̨da) - push at and fail or miss; bi-shnoⁿ-da (bin̨da) - fail, miss applying pressure; di-shnoⁿ-da (din̨da) - let slip, fumble something; ka-shnoⁿ-da (kan̨da) - miss the mark striking at something; naⁿ-shnoⁿ-da (nąn̨da) - lose ones footing, slip; pa-shnoⁿ-da (pnǫda) - fail to cut something with a knife; po-shnoⁿ-da (pnǫda) - miss a target shooting

Dhegiha: tha-zhnoⁿ (thazhnⁿ) - miss, misspeak, mispronounce, to miss with the mouth, to slip in putting something in the mouth, speaking, reading, or singing [Omaha/Ponca]

 

talking, stop activity with the mouth as talking

a-da-shtaⁿ (datą) - stop activity with the mouth, talking, drinking, eating, etc. a-bda-shtaⁿ (bdatą) - I, a-ta-shtaⁿ (ttatą) - you

cf. da (da) - by mouth; di-shtaⁿ (dit̨) - finish, complete; a-di-shtaⁿ (ditą) - stop work (for the day), cease an activity

ex: o-ki-e a-da-shtaⁿ (okki dat̨) - he spoke to it/he stopped speaking [JOD]

ex: e-shoⁿ o-ki-e a-da-shtaⁿ taⁿ (ę okki dat̨-tą) - and when he stopped talking to him [JOD]

Dhegiha: tha-shtoⁿ (thashtⁿ) - to finish doing something with the mouth [Omaha/Ponca]; tha-shtaⁿ (a-ctⁿ) - to finish, quit, or cease speaking, eating, drinking, reading, singing, crying, etc. [JOD-Omaha]; tha-shtaⁿ (aat̨) - end or stop an activity involving the mouth; finish eating or drinking [CQ-Osage]; ya-shtaⁿ (yashtáⁿ) - stop eating, drinking, talking, crying (aloud), singing; to be done with any of those activities [Kaw]

 

talking, to make noise talking

xa-naⁿ (xʔną) - to make noise talking or any noise, etc. a-xa-naⁿ (axʔną) - I, da-xa-naⁿ (daxʔną) - you

cf. xa-naⁿ e-hi (xʔną hi) - make a lot of noise

ex: xa-naⁿ hi (xʔną hi) - made a noise by shouting/very JOD]

ex: wi-e! wi-e! wi-e! i-ye ną-we, i-ya, xa-naⁿ hi ke, i-ya (we! we! we! iy-năⁿ-w, iy, xʔną hi k, iy) - me! me! me! they said, it is said, all crying out together making a great noise, it is said [JOD]

ex: ho-taⁿ xa-naⁿ-we (httą xʔną-we) - crying out/they made a noise by crying out [JOD]

ex: shoⁿ wa-zhiⁿ-ka za-ni ho-taⁿ xa-naⁿ-we, i-ya (ǫ wąka zan httą xʔną-we, iy) - and, in fact, all of the birds made a great noise by crying out, it is said [JOD]

 

talks on high, Christian

maⁿ-shi o-ki (m̨i okk), mo-sho-ki (mokki) - Christian, lit. talks on high

cf. maⁿ-shi (mą) - upper, upward; heaven; o-ki-e (okkie), o-ki (ok), o-ke (okk), o-kye (okye) - speak, talk with one; maⁿ-shi o-ki o-ti (m̨i okk tti) - church, house to talk above

ex: maⁿ-shi o-ki niⁿ-kʰe (m̨i okk nįkʰ) - pray (he/she is praying) [MS]

ex: maⁿ-shi o-ki o-ti (m̨i okk tti) - church, house to talk above

Dhegiha: moⁿ-shi (mⁿshi) - above; high in the air (with no connection between the ob. and the ground) [Omaha/Ponca]; moⁿ-shi (mⁿ-shi) - up above, the arch of heaven, zenith [FL-Osage]; maⁿ-shi (m̨i) - be upward or upright [CQ-Osage]; maⁿ-shi (mⁿshi) - high up, as the sun in the sky [Kaw]

Dhegiha: moⁿ-shi (mⁿshi) - above; high in the air (with no connection between the ob. and the ground) [Omaha/Ponca]; moⁿ-shi (mⁿ-shi) - up above, the arch of heaven, zenith [FL-Osage]; maⁿ-shi (m̨i) - be upward or upright [CQ-Osage]; maⁿ-shi (mⁿshi) - high up, as the sun in the sky [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-ki-ye (ukiye) - talk to, talk with, date, court [Omaha]; u-ki-e (-ki-e) - to speak or talk with them; to pay a friendly visit to another tribe [JOD-Omaha]; u-ki-e (u-ki-) - to speak or talk with; to court a woman [JOD-Omaha]; u-ʰki-e (u-ḳ-e) - to speak or talk to one another; to hold an interview [FL-Osage]; o-ʰki-e (oʰke), o-ʰki (oʰk) - call on the phone, converse with, interview, talk with or to; get together, meeting of a group of people to converse [CQ-Osage]; o-ki-e (oke) - speak to, talk to; to court a woman [Kaw]

Dhegiha: moⁿ-shi (mⁿshi) - above; high in the air (with no connection between the ob. and the ground) [Omaha/Ponca]; moⁿ-shi (mⁿ-shi) - up above, the arch of heaven, zenith [FL-Osage]; maⁿ-shi (m̨i) - be upward or upright [CQ-Osage]; maⁿ-shi (mⁿshi) - high up, as the sun in the sky [Kaw]

Dhegiha: u-ki-ye (ukiye) - talk to, talk with, date, court [Omaha]; u-ki-e (-ki-e) - to speak or talk with them; to pay a friendly visit to another tribe [JOD-Omaha]; u-ki-e (u-ki-) - to speak or talk with; to court a woman [JOD-Omaha]; u-ʰki-e (u-ḳ-e) - to speak or talk to one another; to hold an interview [FL-Osage]; o-ʰki-e (oʰke), o-ʰki (oʰk) - call on the phone, converse with, interview, talk with or to; get together, meeting of a group of people to converse [CQ-Osage]; o-ki-e (oke) - speak to, talk to; to court a woman [Kaw]

 

tall enough, a certain height

she-tʰaⁿ-ka (etʰąkk), she-taⁿ-ka (ettąk) - tall enough, a certain height

cf. she () - that; she-tʰaⁿ (etʰą) - long enough, a certain length; she-tʰaⁿ-ha (etʰ̨ha) - deep enough, a certain depth; a-tʰaⁿ-ka (atʰąkk) - how tall, how high; de-tʰaⁿ-ka (detʰąkk), de-taⁿ-ka (dettąk) - tall, this (much); miⁿ-de-tʰaⁿ-ka (mįdtʰąk) - half that height; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ-ka (kk̨ze atʰąkk) - of equal height; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ (kk̨ze tʰą) - of equal length; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ-ha (kk̨ze tʰąha) - equal or like depth

Dhegiha: she-tʰaⁿ (cetⁿ) - that far, so far [JOD-Omaha]

 

tall, how tall or high

a-tʰaⁿ-ka (atʰąkk) - how tall, how high

cf. a-tʰaⁿ-ha (atʰ̨ha) - how deep; a-tʰaⁿ-taⁿ (atʰ̨ttą), ha-tʰaⁿ-taⁿ (hatʰ̨ttą) - when, in future; ha-tʰaⁿ-ti (hatʰ̨tti) - when, at what time; de-tʰaⁿ-ka (detʰąkk), de-taⁿ-ka (dettąk) - tall, this (much); miⁿ-de-tʰaⁿ-ka (mįdtʰąk) - half that height; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ-ka (kk̨ze atʰąkk) - of equal height; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ (kk̨ze tʰą) - of equal length; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ-ha (kk̨ze tʰąha) - equal or like depth; she-tʰaⁿ-ka (etʰąkk), she-taⁿ-ka (ettąk) - tall enough, a certain height

Dhegiha: a-tʰaⁿ (atⁿ) - how long [JOD-Omaha]; a-tʰoⁿ (atʰⁿ) - at what time; to what distance or length [Omaha/Ponca]; ha-ʰtoⁿ (ha-ṭⁿ) - how far; what distance [FL-Osage]; ha-txaⁿ (hatxą), ha-kxaⁿ (hakxą) - how far, what distance, (for) how long [CQ-Osage]; ha-khaⁿ (hakháⁿ) - how far?, how long?, when? [Kaw]

 

tall, long

ste-te (sttte) - tall, long aⁿ-ste-te (̨stett) - I, di-ste-te (dsttt) - you, wa-ste-ta-we (wstettwe) - we

ste-te (sttte) - tall, long [MS, OM]

ste-te (stett) - tall [JOD]

ex: a-ka-ha ste-te (kaha sttte) - ramrod for a muzzle loader

ex: da-ste-te (dasttte) - hold a note singing

ex: di-xpe ste-te (dixp stett) - Long Scalp, name in a Quapaw story [JOD]

ex: ho pa-si ste-te (ho ppsi sttte) - gar, long nosed fish

ex: hoⁿ-be ste-te (hǫb sttte) - boots, tall shoes [MS]

ex: ho ste-te (hosttte) - eel, long fish

ex: ka-hi-ke ste-te (kahke sttte) - Tallchief

ex: ma-ze ste-te (maz stett) - giant woman, hair to waist; waist length breast carried over her shoulders for suckling stolen children, long breast

ex: maⁿ ste-te (m̨ sttte) - medicine arrow, peyote staff, long/tall arrow

ex: mi-ka-xe ste-te (mikkxʔe sttte) - aurora borealis, long star

ex: naⁿ-ta ste-te (nątt sttte) - mule, long ears

ex: ni-zhi-ha ste-te (niha sttte) - braid of hair, long hair [MS]

ex: pi-de st-te hi (ppde sttte hi) - water oak, tall acorn tree

ex: to ste-te (to sttte) - sweet potato, long potato [MS, MR, AB, OM]

ex: we-ki-te ste-te (wkkitte sttte) - cartridge, long bullet

Dhegiha: zne-de (znde) - long [Omaha/Ponca]; zne-de (ned) - long [Omaha]; zne-de (s͓ne-de) - long [JOD-Omaha]; stse-dse (stse-dse), ste-ʰtse (ste-ṭse), ste-e (ste-e), stse-e (stse-e) - long or tall; long as to length [FL-Osage]; stse-tse (scce) - tall, long [CQ-Osage]; stse-je (scje) - long, tall [Kaw]

 

tall, this (much) tall

de-tʰaⁿ-ka (detʰąkk), de-taⁿ-ka (dettąk) - this (much) tall

cf. de (de) - this; de-tʰoⁿ (detʰ̨), de-tʰaⁿ (detʰ̨) - this (much) long; de-tʰaⁿ-ha (detʰ̨ha) - this (much) deep; miⁿ-de-tʰaⁿ-ka (mįdtʰąk) - half that height; a-tʰaⁿ-ka (atʰąkk) - how tall, how high; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ-ka (kk̨ze atʰąkk) - of equal height; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ (kk̨ze tʰą) - of equal length; kaⁿ-ze a-tʰaⁿ-ha (kk̨ze tʰąha) - equal or like depth; she-tʰaⁿ-ka (etʰąkk), she-taⁿ-ka (ettąk) - tall enough, a certain height

Dhegiha: the-tʰaⁿ (taⁿ) - this far [JOD-Omaha]

 

 

 

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