Reminiscences by Alphonsus Valliere

Recorded by J. Owen Dorsey ca. 1890-94
 

 

 

1)

Before the Civil War, we lived there on the west side of what they called Sweet Potato Creek.

 

ma-zhaⁿ shi-ka-zhi shoⁿ-ti

mą iki ̨tti

land/bad/not, negation/and, still, yet/at, by, in, to = while there was not yet any war, at that time when the land was not bad

 

to ski-de i-ke-a-we

to skde kewe

potato/sweet/they say = they called it

 

ni e-ti kʰe,

ni ett kʰe,

water, liquid, stream, lake, river/aforementioned, that, he, she, it/at, by, in, to = there, then, said of time as well as place/the singular lying object

 

mi o-xp[a]e-ta-de-de-do-shi

mi xp[a]ettaddedi

sun/fall into/towards, in that direction, on that side = toward the sunset, on the west side

 

aⁿ-kniⁿ aⁿ-ka-tʰaⁿ naⁿ.

ąkn̨ ̨katʰ̨ ną.

we, 1st person dual, sit, stay, remain, camp, dwell, live, reside/we, 1st person dual, continuative standing/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when

 

2)

Then, at the time, I was fifteen years old, and I was as large as boys are at that age.

 

e-ti o-ma-ni-ka kde-bnaⁿ taⁿ sa-taⁿ a-kniⁿ

ett omnikka kdbną-t̨ satt̨ akn̨

there, then/year/ten/and, when, since, as/five/to sit on = fifteen

 

e-aⁿ-na-ska [a]-ni-he maⁿ.

ęnaska [a]nhe m̨.

I that size, me of a certain size/1st person singular moving/I do, be, use, have = I was

 

3)

Then, at that time, my stepfather took from me the only horse that I had, and he traded it away on me.

 

e-ti iⁿ-ta-te zhi-ka shoⁿ-ke-a-kniⁿ

ett įtttte-ka ̨keknį

there, then/my father/small, little, young = my stepfather/dog/to sit on = horse

 

e-naⁿ hi aⁿ-taⁿ [a]-ni-he taⁿ,

en̨-hi ̨tt̨ [a]nih-tą,

aforementioned, that, he, she, it/only, just, alone/very, intensifier = only that/I possess, I have/1st person singular moving/and, when, since, as

 

aⁿ-ki-niⁿ hi-d[e] a-taⁿ

ąknį hid[e] -tą

to have taken my property/and

 

i-ki-k[a-iⁿ] aⁿ-ki-de tʰe.

kkikk[į] ̨kkde tʰ.

to trade, barter, exchange/to cause for me = he traded it away on me, he traded it to my disadvantage/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection

 

4)

Then, at that time, he rode away on my horse, and when he returned, he brought back a roan mare.

 

e-ti hi-de tʰe naⁿ,

ett hid tʰe-n̨,

there, then/to have gone somewhere/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when

 

shoⁿ-ke-a-kniⁿ wi-ta a-kniⁿ a-taⁿ de tʰe naⁿ,

̨keknį wtta knį att̨ de tʰ-ną,

horse/my, mine/to sit on = he rode it/and/to go/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when

 

kdi naⁿ

kd-ną

to have come back here/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when

 

shoⁿ-ke-a-kniⁿ wa-xo xo-te zhi-hi a-niⁿ kdi.

̨keknį waxʔ xott ih an̨ kdi.

horse/woman/gray/reddish yellow = roan/to have brought back here

 

5)

The horse was very old and had recently become stringhalt in the right hind leg.

 

shoⁿ-ke-a-kniⁿ tʰaⁿ zhe-ka

̨keknį tʰ̨ ek

horse/3rd person singular standing; the standing/a mans leg, hind leg of animal

 

e-ta de-de te-ta

ett dde ttetta

aforementioned, that, he, she, it/to, at, toward, in that direction = there/to cause to go, sent away, went, to go this way/to the, at the = on the right side

 

hi di-ko shaⁿ-tʰaⁿ

hi dkko ̨tʰą

leg or bone/drawn up, cramped, hobbled = stringhalt/newly, not so formerly the standing object, denotes a reversal of a previous act, state, etc.

 

shoⁿ-ke-a-kniⁿ naⁿ-haⁿ hi.

̨keknį n̨hą h.

horse/old, grown up, mature, raised/very, intensifier or arrive, reach there, have been

 

6)

So, he didnt even tell me, despite that it was my horse, he traded it away on me without even telling me, I was extremely displeased.

 

ko-i-shoⁿ-taⁿ

kįttą

that, there/and, still, yet/and, when, since, as = then, thus, accordingly, in that way, therefore

 

aⁿ-ki-da-zhi hi,

̨kidi h,

tell something to me/not, negation/very, intensifier = he did not tell me at all

 

shoⁿ-ke-a-kniⁿ wi-ta ko-i-shoⁿ

̨keknį wtta kį

horse/my, mine/then, despite, notwithstanding; so, or in that case, of that sort

 

i-ki-k[a-iⁿ] aⁿ-ki-de tʰe.

kkikk[į] ̨kkde tʰ.

to trade, barter, exchange/to cause for me = he traded it away on me, he traded it to my disadvantage/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection

 

aⁿ-ki-da-zhi hi tʰe aⁿ-shoⁿ-zhi a-ta-pa.

̨kidi h tʰe ą̨i ttappa.

tell something to me/not, negation/very, intensifier/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection/I am pleased/not, negation = I am displeased/too, great, exceeding, often, always

 

7)

Then I told my mother, when I told her, this is what I said,

 

e-shoⁿ iⁿ-da o-a-ki-bda,

ę įd akibd,

aforementioned, that, he, she, it/and, still, yet = then, at length, and/my mother/I tell something to another, my relation

 

o-a-ki-bda ti de she [i]-he,

akibd-tti d e [i]-h,

I tell something to another, my relation/at, by, in, to = when I told her/this/that, that visible thing; that way or course/I say = this is what I said, the following is what I said

 

8)

I do not like it at all that my stepfather, without even consulting me, traded away my horse on me.

 

iⁿ-ta-te zhi-ka aⁿ-naⁿ-ho-da-zhi hi

įtttte-ka ąn̨hodi h

my stepfather/to ask me, consult me about something/not, negation = he did not consult me at all

 

shoⁿ-ke-a-kniⁿ wi-ta

̨keknį wtta

horse/my, mine

 

i-ki-k[a-iⁿ] aⁿ-ki-de tʰe.

kkikk[į] ̨kkde tʰ.

to trade, barter, exchange/to cause for me = he traded it away on me, he traded it to my disadvantage/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection

 

aⁿ-ho-taⁿ a-ta-ha zhi hi

̨hott̨ ttah-i h

good for me, I am good/too, exceedingly, much/not, negation/very, intensifier = I disliked it intensely

 

9)

Therefore, I am going to go somewhere else.

 

ko-i-shoⁿ-taⁿ e-ki-zhi

kįttą eki

then, thus, accordingly, in that way, therefore/somewhere else, elsewhere, different

 

bde ta [a]-ni-he

bd tt [a]nih

I go/future, will, shall/1st person singular moving = I will be going

 

10)

I will do something for myself, because I think that I am large enough to acquire something for myself.

 

e-a-wa-ki-koⁿ, ta-taⁿ o-a-ki-kʰe-taⁿ

ewakkikʔ̨, tttą okikʰett̨

I do something for myself/what, something/I acquire, gain, possess something for myself

 

aⁿ-naⁿ-na-ska a-a-ki-zhoⁿ-m[iⁿ] e-tʰaⁿ-ha.

ąn̨naska akkįm[į] etʰ̨ha.

I am large enough/I think about myself, I regard myself/this amount, this much or because

 

11)

Therefore, I will work for my uncle.

 

ko-i-shoⁿ-taⁿ wi-te-ke

kįttą wittke

then, thus, accordingly, in that way, therefore/my mothers brother

 

o-a-ki-we-bda-bda te.

okiwbdabd tte.

I work for someone, my relation/future, shall, will be

 

12)

And then, at that time I ceased to live with both my mother and stepfather.

 

e-shoⁿ-we e-ti-tʰaⁿ

ęwe etttʰą

and, then/from that time, at that time, from then on = and from then on

 

iⁿ-ta-te zhi-ka iⁿ-da e-naⁿ-pa

įtttte-ka įd en̨pa

my stepfather/my mother/both, also, too, that one too

 

we-a-kdi-xe a-bdi-shtaⁿ.

wekdixe bdit̨.

I live, stay with them/I stop, I cease an activity

 

13)

And from that same time on I was working for my uncle.

 

e-ki-tʰaⁿ-taⁿ wi-te-ke

ekktʰątt̨ wtteke

that of equal length/and, when, since, as = from that same time on/my mothers brother

 

o-a-ki-we-bda-bda [a]-tʰaⁿ-he maⁿ

okiwbdabd [a]tʰ̨he m̨

I work for someone, my relation/1st person singular standing, the standing/I do, be, use, have = I was

 

14)

He paid me twelve dollars a month.

 

mi-aⁿ-ba mi-xti naⁿ

mįba m̨xti-ną

moon, month/exactly one, only one, just one/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when = monthly

 

ma-ze-ska kde-bnaⁿ-taⁿ naⁿ-pa a-kniⁿ aⁿ-naⁿ-ki-da.

mazska kdbnątt̨ nąp akn̨ ąn̨kid.

iron, metal/white = money/ten/and, when, since, as/two/to sit on = twelve/pay to me = he paid to me

 

15)

It was just two months later and then one day my mother sent someone for me.

 

e-ti-tʰaⁿ mi-aⁿ-ba naⁿ-pa hi taⁿ,

etttʰą mįba n̨pa-hi-tt̨,

from that time, at that time, from then on/moon, month/two/very, intensifier, just or only when used with numbers/and, when, since, as

 

hoⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi haⁿ-ba mi iⁿ-da aⁿ-kda tʰi-we aⁿ-ki-de.

h̨tʰąh h̨ba m̨ įd ̨kda-tʰwe-̨kkid.

then, at length, it happened, once upon a time/day/one, a, an/my mother/to arrive here to get me, her own/to cause for me = she sent someone for me

 

16)

I said, What is the matter?

 

hoⁿ-e, i-he

h̨e, ih

what, how, in what manner/question sign/I say

 

17)

The messenger said, Something has happened, your stepfather was wounded at the store of Crooked Nose and he was taken to his home.  So, your mother wants you to come home.

 

hoⁿ-ni-haⁿ di-a-te zhi-ka i-yo-wi taⁿ

h̨nihą ditte-ka yow-ttą

that is the matter, its this/your stepfather/wound someone or something/and, when, since, as

 

a-kda-niⁿ kdi kʰe,

akdnį kd kʰe,

to have brought back ones own/the singular lying object

 

pa kaⁿ-ka ta-tʰaⁿ.

pp kkąkk ttatʰ̨.

Crooked Nose, the nickname of a white trader/from

 

e-koⁿ da-kʰi koⁿ-da, i-e.

ek̨ dakʰ kǫd, i.

that sort, like, thus, like that, so/you arrive back at your own/to want = she wants/to say = he said

 

18)

So, I headed for home, first thing that evening.

 

e-shoⁿ e-ti pa-ze he-be hi a-kde.

ę ett ppze hbe h akd.

then, at length, and/then, there/evening/piece, part/very, intensifier/I start for home, I head home

 

19)

When I got home, there was no hope of his recovery, he just laid there breathing.

 

a-kʰi naⁿ te ki-ha o-ni-aⁿ-hi-de shoⁿ-kʰe.

akʰ-ną tʔ kih onąhde ǫkʰ.

I arrive back at my own/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when/die/finish, quit = terminal/to breathe/and, still, yet/the singular lying object

 

20)

My mother told me that when she had sent someone for me, she said, that my stepfather was still alive.

 

iⁿ-da aⁿ-ki-da, hi-we-wa-ki-de i-e,

įd ̨kkda, hwewkkid i,

my mother/tell something to me/she had sent someone there for me/to say

 

e ni tʰe.

ni tʰ.

aforementioned, that, he, she, it/alive, conscious/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection

 

21)

Not long after I reached home, he stopped breathing.

 

e-naⁿ a-kʰi e-shoⁿ o-ni-aⁿ-hi-da-zhi

en̨ akʰ ę onąhda

only that, him, her, it/I arrive back at my own/then, at length, and/to breathe/not negation = he stopped breathing = he died

 

22)

It was still night, but towards day when they laid him out.

 

e-shoⁿ hoⁿ tʰe-ti

ę hǫ tʰtti

then, at length, and/night/the singular standing or collection/at, by, in, to = it was still night

 

[h]aⁿ-ba kaⁿ-ha-we.

[h]̨ba kʔ̨haw.

day/they lay something down, they lay out

 

23)

The next morning, they buried him before noon.

 

e-ka-sa-ni haⁿ-b[a] [i]-haⁿ-ke taⁿ

kasni hąb[][]hąk-ttą

the next morning/day/nearly, almost/and, when, since, as = before noon

 

maⁿ-tʰe de-da-we.

m̨tʰe ddaw.

inside, in, within, under/they sent away, they cause to go, they send

 

24)

And then, at that time, I stopped working for my uncle.

 

e-shoⁿ e-ti-tʰaⁿ wi-te-ke

ę etttʰą wittke

then, at length, and/from that time, at that time, from then on/my mothers brother

 

o-a-ki-we-bda-bda tʰe a-bdi-shtaⁿ.

okiwbdabd tʰe bdit̨.

I work for someone, my relation/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection/I stop, I cease an activity

 

25)

My mother and my older sister were all alone.  Because they had only myself to depend on for support I stopped working for my uncle.

 

iⁿ-da wi-taⁿ-ke e-naⁿ-pa

įd witt̨ke nąp

my mother/my older sister (make speaking)/both, also, too, that one too

 

naⁿ-hi-naⁿ-we taⁿ-ha

ną-h-n̨-we t̨ha

only, just, alone/very, intensifier = all alone/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when/pluralizer/because

 

wi-e naⁿ-hi aⁿ-ki-toⁿ-we ta-i-tʰe naⁿ,

we ną-h ̨kitt̨we ttatʰe-n̨,

I, me/only, just, alone/very, intensifier/to depend on me/they will, they shall/the past act, completed action; narrative marker; the singular, standing or collection/regularly, usually, often; past sign, when

 

wi-te-ke o-a-ki-we-bda-bda a-bdi-shtaⁿ.

wittke okiwbdabd bdit̨.

my mothers brother/I work for someone, my relation/I stop, I cease an activity

 

Download Reminiscences by Alphonsus Valliere in .PDF    Download James Owen Dorsey Translation in .PDF