Reminiscences. No.2. By Mrs. Mary Stafford
(Kwapa Texts, Jan., 1894)

 

1)

When I was a little girl, I always bathed like that, in the water, in a spring, creek, or river.

 

aⁿ-zhiⁿ-ka-ti ni ko-i-kʰe

ąįktti n kikʰe

I small, I young/at, by, in/water, liquid, stream, lake, river/that remote singular, lying, visible object

 

e-koⁿ i-da-hi-bda a-ta-pa-xti

ek̨ idhibd ttapaxt

that sort, like, thus, like that, so/I bathe or swim in it/too, great, exceeding, often, always/very, real, fully = always, off and on, at regular intervals

 

* Maude Supernaw said the same thing, no matter what the weather, they always went to the water and bathed daily, sometimes having to break the ice to do so in the winter, she attributed her long life and lack of arthritis due to bathing in the cold spring water daily

 

2)

Just those back then did that, a long time ago, they bathed in the water daily, because of that I was able to grow old.

 

ti-aⁿ-ti-taⁿ e-koⁿ naⁿ hi-we

ttiątttą ek̨ ną h-we

in the olden times, old time/when/that sort, like, thus, like that, so/only, just, alone/very/pluralizer

 

taⁿ-ha e-shoⁿ-xti aⁿ-naⁿ-haⁿ

t̨ha ęxti ̨nąh̨

because/then, at length, and/very, real, fully/I old, grown up, mature, raised

 

3)

At length, I bathed in the water as a young girl, I bathed in the water until I was grown.

 

e-shoⁿ aⁿ-mi-zhi-ka taⁿ-hi a-hi-bda

ę ąmik tąh ahbda

then, at length, and/I girl, young girl, unmarried female/yet, though/I bathe or swim

 

shoⁿ-hi aⁿ-naⁿ-haⁿ

̨hi ̨nąh̨

till, until/I old, grown up, mature, raised

 

4)

Therefore, I was very active back then, when my older sister and I went to pick pecans, at that time, there were many turkeys and I would chase them and I would catch them, I didnt have to go very far to catch one.

 

ko-i-shoⁿ-taⁿ aⁿ-si-si a-ta-ha taⁿ

kįttą ąssi attah tą

then, thus, accordingly, in that way, therefore/I active, energetic, well, healthy/too, exceedingly, much/when

 

wa-ta-sto-ta ba-hi aⁿ-ka-hi taⁿ wi-zhoⁿ-de e-naⁿ-pa

watstotta bah ąkhi tą wįde enąp

pecan nuts/to pick, select, gather, collect/we arrived, reached there/when/my elder sister (female speaking)/that one too; both, also, too

 

si-ka taⁿ-ka zho-hi hi to-ke-taⁿ wa-bdi-xe a-taⁿ wa-bdi-ze,

skka tt̨ka hi h toktą wabdxe att̨ wbdize,

chicken/big, large = turkey/much, many/very/those plural standing or scattered/when = they were there then, at that time/I chase, pursue them/when, and/I get, take, seize them

 

ko-zhi da-zhi hi bdi-ze

kki di hi bdze

far away, far off/to not go/very/I get, take, seize

 

5)

So that is how they did, they say.

 

ko-i-shoⁿ pa naⁿ i-ya-we.

kiǫ pp ną iywe.

so or of that sort/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when = so they did in the past/they say

 

6)

The young girls always bathed, they say.

 

mi-zhi-ka hi-da a-ta-ha pa naⁿ i-ya-we.

mika hid attah pp ną iywe.

girl, young girl, unmarried female/bathe, swim/too, exceedingly, much = always/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when/they say

 

7)

They were always very active, they say.

 

si-si a-ta-ha pa naⁿ i-ya-we

sis attah pp ną iywe

active, energetic, well, healthy/too, exceedingly, much/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when/they say

 

8)

So that is the way they were long ago, they say.

 

ti-aⁿ-ti e-koⁿ pa naⁿ i-ya-we.

ttiątt ek̨ pp ną iywe.

in the olden times, old time/that sort, like, thus, like that, so/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when = so they did in the past/they say

 

9)

Catching turkey, they say.

 

si-ka di-ze naⁿ i-ya-we

skka diz ną iywe

chicken/get, take, seize/habitual, regularly; past sign, when/they say

 

* skka, chicken, this is the original word for turkey prior to the introduction of chickens, domesticated fowl

 

10)

I chased and caught turkey.

 

si-ka bdi-x[e] a-taⁿ bdi-ze

skka bdx[e] att̨ bdiz

chicken/I chase, pursue/when, and/I get, take, seize

 

11)

The men too, they always bathed, they were always active back then.

 

ni-ka i-niⁿ-ha hi-da a-ta-pa pa naⁿ

nkka inįh hid ttappa pp ną

man/too/bathe, swim/too, great, exceeding, often, always/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when

 

si-si a-ta-pa pa naⁿ e-ti

sis ttappa pp ną ett

active, energetic, well, healthy/too, great, exceeding, often, always/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when/there, then

 

12)

Now, I am not active because I am always in poor health.

 

iⁿ-chʰoⁿ taⁿ aⁿ-si-si-zhi,

įčʰ̨ tą ąssi,

now, right now, at this moment/when/I not active, energetic, well, healthy

 

haⁿ-te shtaⁿ a-ta-ha taⁿ

hątʔ tą attah tą

sick, ill, not healthy/habitual, all the time, incessantly/too, exceedingly, much/when = because

 

13)

The food too, they only ate corn.

 

wa-naⁿ-bde tʰe i-niⁿ-ha

wan̨bde tʰe inįh

eat, eat a meal, dine; food/the singular standing or collection; the past act/too

 

wa-tʰaⁿ-zi naⁿ-hi da-tʰe pa naⁿ

watʰ̨zi nąh datʰ ppa ną

corn/only, just, alone/very, intensifier/to eat/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14)

Coffee, it too, they did not drink it, although now they are drinking it.

 

ma-kaⁿ sha [e]-hoⁿ da-taⁿ-wa-zhi e-niⁿ-te

makką-a [e]hǫ datt̨wa nįtte į

medicine/dark = coffee/it too, he too, she too/they drink not/although, though

 

iⁿ-chʰoⁿ taⁿ da-taⁿ pa

įčʰ̨ tą datt̨ ppa

now, right now, at this moment/when/to drink/3rd person plural, they moving = they are drinking it, they drink it

 

 

15)

Long ago I was eating that food then.

 

wi-e ti-aⁿ-ti taⁿ wa-naⁿ-bde ko-i

we ttįtt tą wan̨bde ki

I, me/in the olden times, old time/when/eat, eat a meal, dine; food/that

 

bda-tʰe e-shoⁿ a-ni-he

bdatʰ ę anhe

I eat/then, at length, and/1st person singular moving

 

16)

Using a mortar and pestle, I made bread, and I ate it.

 

a-pʰe a-taⁿ wa-ske pa-x[e] a-taⁿ bda-tʰe e-shoⁿ a-ni-he

pʰe ttą wske ppγ[e] ttą bdatʰ ę anhe

I pound something in a mortar/when, and/bread/I make/when, and/I eat/then, at length, and/1st person singular moving

 

17)

I mixed in beans with the bread, and I used to eat it.

 

ho-bniⁿ-ke i-da-ka-hi a-taⁿ bda-tʰe aⁿ-maⁿ

hobn̨ke idkahi ttą bdatʰ ąm̨

beans/I mix with, I mix ingredients/when, and/I eat/I used to = I used to eat

 

18)

Just those back then did that, a long time ago, they only ate like that.

 

ti-aⁿ-ti e-koⁿ naⁿ

ttįtt ek̨ ną

in the olden times, old time/that sort, like, thus, like that, so/only, just, alone

 

da-tʰe pa naⁿ

datʰ ppa ną

to eat/3rd person plural, they moving/habitual, regularly; past sign, when

 

19)

Only the children of my elder sister and elder brother remain, they are all that are left, I am all alone, I am the oldest one living from back then.

 

wi-zhoⁿ-de wi-ti-to i-niⁿ-ha

wįde witttto inįh

my elder sister (female speaking)/my elder brother (female speaking)/too

 

shi-zhi-ka e-ta-we e-naⁿ-hi o-shte ke,

ika ettwe enąh ot ke,

child, baby/their, theirs/only that, him, her, it/very, intensifier/remain, be left over/those plural standing or scattered

 

wi-e naⁿ-hi naⁿ-haⁿ e-ti miⁿ-kʰe

we nąh nąh̨ ett mįkʰ

I, me/only, just, alone/very, intensifier/old, grown up, mature, raised/there, then/1st person singular sitting

 

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