young, immature

 

te-ko no-ha (te-ko-no-hă)

young (LH-Quapaw)

* new - old, grown up, mature

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te-koⁿ no-ha (te-kon-no-hă)

young (JOD-Quapaw)

* new - old, grown up, mature

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young  

te-ke  noⁿ-hi  (ttke n̨hi)

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

new - grow up, mature, reach old age

 

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • te-ko no-ha (te-ko-no-hă) - young (LH-Quapaw)
  • te-koⁿ no-ha (te-kon-no-hă) - young (JOD-Quapaw)
  • ʰtse-ga noⁿ (ṭs-ga noⁿ) - newly grown, just grown to maturity (FL-Osage)
  • ʰce-ka noⁿ (ʰcka n̨ǫ) - teenager, young person or young people, children in their teens (lit., "recently grown-up" or " recently adult") (CQ-Osage)
  • tse-ga noⁿ (cganoⁿ) - young man (Kanza)
  • wa-k'o tse-ga noⁿ (wak' cganoⁿ) - young woman, female just grown (Kanza)

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  • te-ka (ttka) - new (RR-Quapaw)
  • te-ga (t͓ega) - new (Omaha/Ponca)
  • te-ga (tega), je-ga (jga) - new (Omaha)
  • ʰtse-ga (ṭs-ga) - new, recently, anew, early (FL-Osage)
  • ʰtse-ka (ʰcka) - new, newly, fresh, recent, recently, just now, just a while ago (CQ-Osage)
  • tse-ga (céga) - new, first time, anew, right now, just now (Kanza)

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  • noⁿ-hi (noⁿ-h) - senility, reaches mature age (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hi (nǫǫh), noⁿ a-hi (n̨ǫ ah) - grow up, reach maturity, literally, arrive at adulthood (CQ-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hi zhi (noⁿ-h-zhi) - immature (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hi zhi (n̨ǫhii) - immature, not fully grown (CQ-Osage)

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  • naⁿ-hoⁿ (nąhǫ), naⁿ-haⁿ (n̨hą, nąh̨) - old, grown up, mature (RR-Quapaw)
  • naⁿ-haⁿ zhi-ka (n̨hą ik) - girl who has reached puberty (RR-Quapaw)
  • naⁿ-hoⁿ de (nąh̨de) - cultivate, bring to maturity (RR-Quapaw)
  • noⁿ-hoⁿ (noⁿ-hoⁿ) - older person (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hoⁿ (nóⁿhoⁿ) - adult (Kanza)

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  • i-da-te naⁿ-haⁿ (idtte nąh̨) - father's older brother, man's (RR-Quapaw)
  • iⁿ-da-nyoⁿ-hoⁿ (įdany̨hǫ) - aunt, older (RR-Quapaw)

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  • she-mi naⁿ-haⁿ (mi n̨hą) - girl, young (RR-Quapaw)
  • shiⁿ-ʰto noⁿ-hoⁿ (shiⁿ′-ṭo-noⁿ-hoⁿ) - a bachelor, a single young man (FL-Osage)
  • shi-do noⁿ-hoⁿ (shdonoⁿhoⁿ) a youth, a young man that is nearly grown (Kanza)

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  • ni-ka naⁿ-haⁿ (nkka n̨hą) - old man, grown man (RR-Quapaw)
  • wa-x'o  naⁿ-haⁿ  (waxʔ  n̨hą) - old lady, old woman (MS-Quapaw)
  • wa-k'o noⁿ-hoⁿ (wa-k nⁿ-hⁿ) - a woman who has been married, but who is now alone, a widow (JOD-Osage)
  • wa-ʰk'oⁿ noⁿ-hoⁿ (wa-ḳ'oⁿ′ noⁿ-hoⁿ) - a woman of questionable chastity, a harlot, a prostitute (FL-Osage)
  • wa-k'o noⁿ-hoⁿ (wa-kʔ nǫǫh̨) - prostitute, woman of bad reputation (CQ-Osage)
  • wak'o noⁿ-hoⁿ (wak' noⁿhⁿ) - grown woman (Kanza)

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  • noⁿ (noⁿ) - adult animal, adult person, elder (Omaha)
  • noⁿ (noⁿ) - to mature, to grow, to age, a-noⁿ a-tha (a-noⁿ′ a-tha) - I have grown to maturity, tha-noⁿ a-tha (tha-noⁿ′ a-tha) - you have grown to maturity, oⁿ-noⁿ bi a tha i (oⁿ-noⁿ bi a tha i) - we have grown to maturity (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ (n̨ǫ) - be old, grow up to adulthood, mature, adulthood, grownups, adults, old folks, elders in times past, old ones, advanced age, old age, a-noⁿ miⁿ-kshe (an̨ǫ mįke) - Im old, tha-noⁿ niⁿ-kshe (an̨ǫ nįke) - youre old, aⁿ-noⁿ aⁿ-ka-txai (̨nǫǫ ąkatxi) - we plural are old (CQ-Osage)
  • noⁿ (noⁿ) - old, mature, aⁿ-noⁿ (ⁿnⁿ) - Im old, yi-noⁿ (yinⁿ) - youre old, noⁿ (nⁿ) - he/she/it is old, wa-noⁿ-be (wanⁿbe) - were old, yi-noⁿ-be (yinⁿbe) - you all are old, noⁿ-be (nⁿbe) - they are old (Kanza)

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  • hi (hi) - arrive, reach there, have been, pʰi (pʰi) - I arrive, reach there, have been, shi (i) - you arrive, reach there, have been (RR-Quapaw)
  • hi (hi) - come, be coming here, not own, pʰi (pʰi) - I come, be coming here, not own, shi (i) - you come, be coming here, not own, oⁿ-ka-hi-we (ǫkhiwe) - we come, be coming here, not own (RR-Quapaw)
  • shi (shi) - of hi (hi), you have been there, you reached there (Omaha/Ponca)
  • hi (hi) - to arrive, arrive at, to arrive at a place, has arrived at (FL-Osage)
  • a-hi (a-h) - he has been to, pshi (pshi) - I have been, shi (shi) - you have been, shi-a (shi a) - Have you been?, oⁿ-ga-hi-i (oⁿ-ga-hi-i) - we have been (FL-Osage)
  • hi (h), a-hi (ah) - go there (motion accomplished), come there, arrive there, be there, be in attendance, stop in, go by, come by, get (e.g., get old), become, begin to, start to, suddenly start to, pshi-e (pe) - I went, shi () - you come, shi-e (e) - you have arrived, you have been, hi-pe (hpe) - it arrived, a-hi-pe (ahpe) - he came over, he arrived, he became, aⁿ-ka-hi (ąkhi) - she and I went, weve been there, aⁿ-ka-hi-pe (ąkhipe) - weve arrived (CQ-Osage)
  • hi (hi) - arrive, reach there, pʰi (pʰi) - I arrive, reach there, shi (shi) - you arrive, reach there, a-hi-be (ahbe) - he/she/it arrive, reach there, aⁿ-ga-hi-be (aⁿghibe) - we arrive, reach there, shi-be (shbe) - you all arrive, reach there, a-hi-be (ahibe) - they arrive, reach there (Kanza)