white race, white people, American

 

wa-jhi-ni (waǰni)

 
white people, white race

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

   
  Speaker - Mary Lane Redeagle
   
  Speaker - Maude Supernaw

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wa-jhi-ni (waǰni)

American; derived from, Virginia (RR-Quapaw)

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wa-tshi-ni (w-tci-ni)

Virginian, white man (JH-Quapaw)

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White man didn't like me.  

wa-jhi-ni  aⁿ-ka-shi-ka  (waǰni ąkką́ik)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

white people - he, she, they hate me

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He's a white man.

 

wa-jhi-ni  koi  (waǰni ki)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

white people - there

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You white people go home and us Indians dance all night

 

(when the white people go home, I want just us Indians to dance).

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

wa-jhi-ni  kde  ta  zho-zhi-te  e-naⁿ  o-zha-wi  koⁿ-bda

(waǰni kd taa otte ną awi kkǫbd)

white people - go home - when, future - Indians - only - dance - plural - I want

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • wa-jhi-ni (waǰni) - American; derived from, Virginia (RR-Quapaw)
  • wa-tshi-ni (w-tci-ni) - Virginian, white man (JH-Quapaw)
  • wa-dsi-ne (w-dsi-ni) - a disease, a malady (FL-Osage)
  • wa-tsʰi-ni (wcʰini), wa-tsi-ni-e (wcinie) - probably from "Virginia" which may have been used to mean "white man". Perhaps venereal disease was later associated with wa-tsʰu (wacʰ) 'copulate' and thus may have substituted tsʰ (ch) for ts (c), giving the variants wa-tsʰi-ni (wcʰini) and wa-tsi-ni-e (wcinie), Robert Rankin, personal communication. Additionally, wa-tsi-ni-e (wcinie) may contain or be influenced by ni-e (ne) 'hurt' (CQ-Osage)
  • wa-ji-ne (wji ne) - disease, a malady (Kanza)