when, future, will be, shall

 

ta (tta)

future tense; potential mode clitic (RR-Quapaw)

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taⁿ (tą)

because, as, when, if (RR-Quapaw)

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When you come.  

da-tʰi  ta  (datʰ tta)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

you arrive - when

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How come he (dog) doesnt bark when you come around?

 

hoⁿ-niⁿ-taⁿ  o-ho  zhi  da-tʰi  ta  (hǫn̨ttą ho i datʰ tta)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

why - bark - not - you arrive - when

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When I'm gone, don't you come around my house.

 

hi-bde  tati  wi-ta  ti da-tʰi  koⁿ-bda  zhi

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

(hibd tta, tti wtta tti datʰ kkǫbd i)

I have gone somewhere - when - house - my - to - you arrive - I want - not

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You white people go home and us Indians dance all night

 

(when the white people go home, I want just us Indians to dance).

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

wa-jhi-ni  kde  ta  zho-zhi-te  e-naⁿ  o-zha-wi  koⁿ-bda

(waǰni kd tta otte ną awi kkǫbd)

white people - go home - when, future - Indians - only - dance - plural - I want

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I dont want you to say, when Im drinking around here.

 

kdaⁿ-ni-ke  ki-baⁿi-she  koⁿ-bda  zhikdaⁿ-ni-ke  ki-baⁿ  ta

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

(kdąnke kibą, i kkǫbd i, kdąnke kibą ta)

drunk - hollering to one's own - you say - I want - not - drunk - hollering to one's own - when

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They're going to have another baby.

 

shi-noⁿ  i-ta-de  ta  niⁿ-khe  (nǫ ttade tta nįkh)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

again - give birth to a child - will be - he, she sitting doing that

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I want to go home (I will be going home).

 

wi-e  a-kde  ta  miⁿ-khe  (we akd tta mįkh)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

I - I go home - will be - I sitting, doing that

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Im going home (I will be going home).

 
a-kde  ta  miⁿ-khe  (akd tta mįkh) Speaker - Maude Supernaw

I go home - will be - I sitting, doing that

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I am going swimming

 

hi-da  ta  miⁿ-khe  (hid  tta  mįkh)                       

Speaker - Gilmore / McWatters

swim - will be - I sitting, doing that

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • ta (tta) - future tense; potential mode clitic (RR-Quapaw)
  • ta (ta) - will, shall, potential or future marker (Omaha/Ponca)
  • ʰta (ṭa) - shall, he shall, you shall (FL-Osage)
  • ʰta (ʰta) - future tense marker, will, be going to, could, so that it could/might be, what if, were it the case that, would be (CQ-Osage)
  • ta (ta) - future potential or intentive aspect (Kanza)

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  • taⁿ (tą) - because, as, when, if (RR-Quapaw)
  • doⁿ (doⁿ) - during, at, when, of time when, season when (Omaha/Ponca)
  • doⁿ (doⁿ) - because, when, did, were, a, such a place (FL-Osage)
  • taⁿ (tą) - when, if, provided that, since, because (CQ-Osage)
  • daⁿ (daⁿ), da (da) - and, when, so (Kanza)

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  • te (tte) - future, potential or optative marker (RR-Quapaw)
  • de (de) - when, while, during (Omaha/Ponca)