what, how, in what manner

 

haⁿ (hą), hoⁿ (hǫ)

what, how, in what manner (RR-Quapaw) 

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What did you say?

 

haⁿ  i-she  (hą i)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

what - you say

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What did you say?

 

hoⁿ  she  (h̨  )

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

what - you say

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How are you? 

 

hoⁿ  ni-she  (hǫ ni)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

how, in what manner - you moving, doing that

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How are you? 

 

hoⁿ  niⁿ-khe  (hǫ  nįkh)

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

how, in what manner - you sitting, doing that

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Is that so?

 

hoⁿ-e (h̨e)

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

what, how - question marker

* hoⁿ-e (h̨e) - What is it? (RR-Quapaw)

* hoⁿ-e (hŭⁿ′ĕ) - How is it? (JOD-Quapaw)

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How many? How much?

 

ho-noⁿ (hon̨)

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

How many? How much?

* ha-naⁿ (han̨), ha-noⁿ (han̨) - how much, many (RR-Quapaw)

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count

 

ha-ni-de  (hande)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

how many, however much or many

* ha-na i-te (han itte) - however much or many (RR-Quapaw)

* ha-naⁿ hi-de (haną́ hide) - however many, much (RR-Quapaw)

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How are you (How are you doing)?

 

ha-zhoⁿ  ni-she  (haǫ ni)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

what/how you do - you moving, doing that

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What are you going to do with it?

 

ha-zhoⁿ  ta  ni-she  (haǫ tta ni)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

what/how you do - will be - you moving, doing that

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What do you want with it?

 

ha-zhoⁿ  shkoⁿ-ta  (hǫ kǫtt)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

what/how you do - you want

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • haⁿ (hą), hoⁿ (hǫ) - what, how, in what manner (RR-Quapaw)
  • ha (ha) - what, F (Omaha/Ponca)
  • hau (hau) - what, M (Omaha/Ponca)
  • hoⁿ a-doⁿ (hoⁿ -doⁿ) - why, what (FL-Osage)
  • ha (ha) - indefinite prefix, many of the question words are indefinates with initial ha (haa) (CQ-Osage)