valley

 

o-ki-no-zha  (okkina)  
valley

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

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o-ki-no-da (okinodă)

valley (JOD-Quapaw)

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o-ki-noⁿ-te (okknǫtt)

valley (RR-Quapaw)

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • o-ki-noⁿ-te (okknǫtt) - valley (RR-Quapaw)
  • o-ki-no-da (okinodă) - valley (JOD-Quapaw)
  • u-zhnu-shka (uzhnshka) - valley (Omaha/Ponca)
  • o-hno-shka (ohnóshka) - valley, shallow hollow (Kanza)
  • o-ga-hno-shka (ogáhnoshka) - any shallow ravine without water (Kanza)

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  • noⁿ-sha (noⁿ′-a) - intrenchment (FL-Osage)
  • ʰtse noⁿ-sha kshi-xa-bi ga-xa (ṭse-noⁿ′-a kshi-xa-bi ga-xa) - where a trench was built for buffalo, the buffalo were so plentiful at one time that frequently when they stampeded they rushed through the Osage villages, injuring many of the people, for protection against them a deep trench was built around the village, this is the site of Beaver Creek, Okla (FL-Osage)

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  • ti-yu-shaⁿ (tíiyushⁿ) - canyon, very deep gorge, nighúje yiⁿg reckons five classes of ravines or hollows: the shortest is the ti-yu-shaⁿ (tiiyúshaⁿ); the next, o-k'o-be zhiⁿ-ga (ok'be zhⁿga), or o-ga-stsu-we (ogascuwe); the third, o-ga-shtsa (ogashca) or o-ga-sta (ogasta); the fourth, tsaⁿ-saⁿ-ga (caⁿsaⁿga); and the longest, ga-xa (gax) (Kanza)

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  • naⁿ-tse ka-xe (n̨ce kaɣe) - trench (CQ-Osage)
  • naⁿ-tse-a-ha (n̨ceaha) - trench, small ditch around tipi for drainage (CQ-Osage)