know, understand


i-ba-haⁿ (bahą), i-ba-hoⁿ (bahǫ)

know how, recognize (RR-Quapaw)


You all that understand.


e-che-zha,  i-za-ni  i-shpa-hoⁿ  ni-kʰa-she  (ečča, zan pahǫ nkhe)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

goodness - all - you understand - you all sitting, doing that


teach, cause to know, cause to understand


i-ba-hoⁿ  ki-de  (bahǫ kde)

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

know, to know how - cause to do


Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • i-ba-haⁿ (bahą), i-ba-hoⁿ (bahǫ) - know how, recognize, i-pa-haⁿ (ppahą) - I know, i-shpa-haⁿ (pahą) - you know, oⁿ-noⁿ-ba-haⁿ-we (ǫnǫbahąwe) - we know (RR-Quapaw)
  • i-ba-hoⁿ (bahoⁿ) - know, to know a person or thing, i-pa-hoⁿ (ip͓ahaⁿ) - I know, i-shpa-hoⁿ (icpahaⁿ) - you know, aⁿ-tha-ba-hoⁿ i (aⁿaⁿbahaⁿi) - we know, aⁿ-thaⁿ-shpa-hoⁿ (aⁿaⁿcpahaⁿ) - you know me, i-wi-pa-hoⁿ (iwip͓ahaⁿ) - I know you (Omaha/Ponca)
  • i-ba-hoⁿ (-ba-hoⁿ) - to know, i-pa-hoⁿ (-pa-hoⁿ) - I know, i-shpa-hoⁿ (-shpa-hoⁿ) - you know, oⁿ-thoⁿ-ba-hoⁿ i (oⁿ-thoⁿ΄-ba-hoⁿ i) - we know (FL-Osage)
  • i-pa-hoⁿ (pahǫ) - know, understand, know as a person, be acquainted with, recognize, know someone as being a certain way or a certain type of person, guess, i-ʰpa-hoⁿ (ʰpahǫ) - I know, i-shpa-hoⁿ (pahǫ) - you know, aⁿ-naⁿ-pa-hoⁿ-pe (ąną́pahǫpe) - we know, wi-ʰpahoⁿ (wiʰpahǫ), i-wi-ʰpa-hoⁿ (iwʰpahǫ) - I know you, aⁿ-naⁿ-shpa-hoⁿ (ąną́pahǫ), aⁿ-thaⁿ-shpa-hoⁿ (ąą́pahǫ) - you know me, we-shpa-hoⁿ (wpahǫ) - you know them, we-shpa-hoⁿ-pe (wpahǫpe) - you all know them/him, i-thi-pa-hoⁿ (ipahǫ) - he knows you, we-pa-hoⁿ-pe (wpahǫpe) - they know us, aⁿ-naⁿ-pa-hoⁿ-pe (ąną́pahǫpe) - we know him/them, we-aⁿ-pa-hoⁿ-pe (weą́pahǫpe) - we know them (CQ-Osage)
  • i-ba-hoⁿ (bahoⁿ) - to know, understand, i-pa-hoⁿ (ipahon) - I know, understand, i-wi-pa-hoⁿ (wipahoⁿ) - I know you!, i-shpa-hoⁿ (ishpahoⁿ) - you know, understand, aⁿ-yaⁿ-shpa-hoⁿ (aⁿyⁿshpahⁿ) - You know me!, i-ba-hoⁿ (ibahoⁿ) - he/she/it know, understand, aⁿ-yaⁿ-ba-hoⁿ-be (aⁿyⁿbahoⁿbe) - we know, understand, i-shpa-hoⁿ-be (ishpahoⁿbe) - you all know, understand, i-ba-hoⁿ-be (ibahoⁿbe) - they know, understand (Kanza)


  • i-ba-hoⁿ zhi (bahⁿzhi) - not know, not to know, to know nothing about, i-pa-hoⁿ ma-zhi (ip͓ahaⁿ majĭ) -  I do not know, i-shpa-hoⁿ zhi (icpahaⁿ jĭ) - you do not know, aⁿ-tha-ba-hoⁿ ba-zhi (aⁿbahaⁿ bajĭ) - we do not know, i-ba-hoⁿ ba-zhi (ibahaⁿ bajĭ) - they do not know (Omaha/Ponca)
  • i-pa-hoⁿ moⁿ-zhi (-pa-hoⁿ moⁿ-zhi) - I do not know, i-shpa-hoⁿ a-zhi (-shpa-hoⁿ a-zhi) - you do not know, oⁿ-thoⁿ-ba-hoⁿ ba-zhi i (oⁿ-thoⁿ΄-ba-hoⁿ ba-zhi i) - we do not know (FL-Osage)
  • i-ʰpa-hoⁿ maⁿ-zhi (ʰpahǫ mą) - I don't know, i-shpa-hoⁿ zhi (pahǫi) - you don't know (CQ-Osage)
  • i-pa-hoⁿ ma-zhi (pahoⁿmazhi) - I don't understand, I don't know, i-ba-hoⁿ zhi a-ba (bahoⁿzhi aba) - he doesn't know (Kanza)