strong, hard, with great effort

 

wa-shkaⁿ (wak̨)

strong, be strong (RR-Quapaw)

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wa-shkaⁿ hi (wak̨hi), wa-shkoⁿ hi (wak̨hi)

hard, with great effort (RR-Quapaw)

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Make loud talking (talk louder to me).  

i-e  wa-shkaⁿ-hi  aⁿ-da-ki-de  (e wak̨hi ̨dakide)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

word, say, talk - hard, with great effort, strong - to me, you cause/make happen

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • wa-shkaⁿ hi (wak̨hi), wa-shkoⁿ hi (wak̨hi) - hard, with great effort (RR-Quapaw)

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  • wa-shkaⁿ (wak̨) - strong, be strong, a-wa-shkaⁿ (awką) - I am strong, da-wa-shkaⁿ (dawką) - you are strong (RR-Quapaw)
  • wa-shkoⁿ (wa-shkoⁿ′) - strength, might, force, power, to struggle hard, effort, to make an effort, a-wa-shkoⁿ (a-w-shkoⁿ′) - I made an effort, wa-tha-shkoⁿ (wa-th-shkoⁿ) - you made an effort, oⁿ-woⁿ-shkoⁿ i (oⁿ-woⁿ′-shkoⁿ i) - we made an effort (FL-Osage)
  • wa-shkaⁿ (waak̨) - try hard, do one's best, make an effort, struggle, strength, might, force, power, aⁿ-wa-shkaⁿ ʰkoⁿ-bra (ąwaką ʰk̨bra) - I want to do my best, a-wa-shkaⁿ ʰta miⁿ-kshe (awaką ʰta mįk) - I'll try my best, I'm going to try hard, wa-tha-shkaⁿ ʰta niⁿ-kshe (waaką ʰta nįk) - you will do your best, aⁿ-wa-shkaⁿ ʰta aⁿ-ka-the (ąwaką ʰta ąke) - we'll do our best, wa-shkaⁿ (waak̨) - try your best (CQ-Osage)
  • wa-shkaⁿ (washkⁿ) - try, do one's best, make an effort, a-wa-shkaⁿ (awáshkaⁿ) - I try, do my best, make an effort, wa-ya-shkaⁿ (wayáshkaⁿ) - you try, do your best, make an effort, wa-shkaⁿ (washkⁿ) - he/she/it try, do he/she/it best, make an effort, aⁿ-maⁿ-shkaⁿ-be (aⁿmⁿshkⁿbe) - we try, do our best, make an effort,  wa-shkaⁿ aⁿ-ga-gha-be (washkⁿ aⁿgághabe) - we tried our best, wa-ya-shkaⁿ-be (wayáshkaⁿbe) - you all try, you all do your best, make an effort, wa-shkaⁿ-be (washkⁿbe) - they try, they do their best, make an effort (Kanza)

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  • a-wa-shkoⁿ (awashkoⁿ) - struggle (Omaha)
  • u-wa-shkoⁿ (washkoⁿ) - of wa-shkoⁿ (wackaⁿ), strength (Omaha/Ponca)
  • we-wa-shkoⁿ (wwashkoⁿ) - of wa-shkoⁿ (wackaⁿ), that which makes people exert themselves or make efforts (Omaha/Ponca)

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  • wa-shkaⁿ taⁿ-ka (wak̨ttąka) - powerful, all-powerful, a-wa-shkaⁿ taⁿ-ka (awkąttąka) - I am powerful, da-wa-shkaⁿ taⁿ-ka (dawkąttąka) - you are powerful (RR-Quapaw)
  • wa-shkoⁿ toⁿ-ga (washkoⁿ toⁿga) - strong, stout, brawn, mighty (Omaha)
  • wa-shkoⁿ ʰtoⁿ-ga (wa-shkoⁿ′ ṭoⁿ-ga) - great strength - wa-shkoⁿ′, strength; ṭoⁿ-ga, large or great, wa-thi-shkoⁿ ʰtoⁿ-ga (wa-thi-shkoⁿ ṭoⁿ-ga) - you have great strength (FL-Osage)
  • wa-shkaⁿ ʰtaⁿ-ka (waak̨ʰtąka) - strong having great strength (CQ-Osage)