said, they said, they say

 

a-we (we)

evidential particle, 3rd person plural, they say (RR-Quapaw)

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Uh, they said that, they all drunk, some of them.  
kdaⁿ-ni-ka-wi  a-we  ki-zoⁿ  (kdąnke awi we kkiz̨) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
drunk - plural - they said - some

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They said, they shook hands.  

naⁿ-pe  o-di-zhoⁿ-zhoⁿ-wi  a-we  (nąp dįǫwi we)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw
hand - shake - plural - they said  

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • a-we (we) - evidential particle, 3rd person plural, they say (RR-Quapaw)
  • a-we "awe" meaning 'they say'.  It's contracted from e + awi + e where "e" is 'say', "-awi" is 'plural' and the last "-e" is the female declarative ending.  The whole thing collapses to "awe". (Robert Rankin personal communication)
  • a-bi-a-ma (-bi-am) - he/she/they said (JOD-Omaha)
  • a-pe (ape), ap (ap) [e say + api + e] - he/she/they said, it is said, known by hearsay, indicates that information in the sentence was reported by another or others, often used in ceremonial speech and in storytelling, as it is or was told or said (CQ-Osage)
  • a-pa (apa) [e say + apa CONT] - they say or are saying or were saying, he/she says or is saying or was saying, indicates that information in the sentence is or was reported by another or others (CQ-Osage)
  • a-be (be) - he/she said (Kanza)