old, grown up, mature

 

naⁿ-haⁿ (n̨hą, nąh̨), naⁿ-hoⁿ (nąhǫ)

old, grown up, mature (RR-Quapaw)

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old lady, old woman  
wa-x'o  naⁿ-haⁿ  (waxʔ  n̨hą) Speaker - Maude Supernaw

woman - old, grown up, mature

 

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aunt, older aunt (mothers side)

 
iⁿ-da  nyoⁿ-hoⁿ  (įdany̨hǫ)

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

mother - old, grown up, mature  

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young  

te-ke  noⁿ-hi  (ttke n̨hi)

Speaker - Odestine McWatters

new - grow up, mature, reach old age

 
* ʰtse-ga noⁿ (ṭs-ga noⁿ) - newly grown, just grown to maturity (FL-Osage),  ʰtse-ka noⁿ (ʰcka n̨ǫ) - teenager, young person or young people, children in their teens, literally, recently grown-up or recently adult (CQ-Osage),  tse-ga noⁿ (cganoⁿ) - young man (Kanza)

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • naⁿ-haⁿ (n̨hą, nąh̨), naⁿ-hoⁿ (nąhǫ) - old, grown up, mature (RR-Quapaw)
  • naⁿ-haⁿ zhi-ka (n̨hą ik) - girl who has reached puberty (RR-Quapaw)
  • noⁿ-hoⁿ (noⁿ-hoⁿ) - older person (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hoⁿ (nóⁿhoⁿ) - adult (Kanza)

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  • shiⁿ-ʰto noⁿ-hoⁿ (shiⁿ′-ṭo-noⁿ-hoⁿ) - a bachelor, a single young man (FL-Osage)
  • shi-do noⁿ-hoⁿ (shdonoⁿhoⁿ) a youth, a young man that is nearly grown (Kanza)

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  • ni-ka naⁿ-haⁿ (nkka n̨hą) - old man, grown man (RR-Quapaw)
  • wa-k'o noⁿ-hoⁿ (wa-k nⁿ-hⁿ) - a woman who has been married, nut who is now alone, a widow (JOD-Osage)
  • wa-ʰk'oⁿ noⁿ-hoⁿ (wa-ḳ'oⁿ′ noⁿ-hoⁿ) - a woman of questionable chastity, a harlot, a prostitute (FL-Osage)
  • wa-k'o noⁿ-hoⁿ (wa-kʔ nǫǫh̨) - prostitute, woman of bad reputation (CQ-Osage)
  • wak'o noⁿ-hoⁿ (wak' noⁿhⁿ) - grown woman (Kanza)

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  • noⁿ-hi (noⁿ-h) - senility, reaches mature age (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hi (nǫǫh), noⁿ a-hi (n̨ǫ ah) - grow up, reach maturity, literally, arrive at adulthood (CQ-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hi zhi (noⁿ-h-zhi) - immature (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ-hi zhi (n̨ǫhii) - immature, not fully grown (CQ-Osage)

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  • noⁿ (noⁿ) - adult animal, adult person, elder (Omaha)
  • noⁿ (noⁿ) - to mature, to grow, to age, a-noⁿ a-tha (a-noⁿ′ a-tha) - I have grown to maturity, tha-noⁿ a-tha (tha-noⁿ′ a-tha) - you have grown to maturity, oⁿ-noⁿ bi a tha i (oⁿ-noⁿ bi a tha i) - we have grown to maturity (FL-Osage)
  • noⁿ (n̨ǫ) - be old, grow up to adulthood, mature, adulthood, grownups, adults, old folks, elders in times past, old ones, advanced age, old age, a-noⁿ miⁿ-kshe (an̨ǫ mįke) - Im old, tha-noⁿ niⁿ-kshe (an̨ǫ nįke) - youre old, aⁿ-noⁿ aⁿ-ka-txai (̨nǫǫ ąkatxi) - we plural are old (CQ-Osage)
  • noⁿ (noⁿ) - old, mature, aⁿ-noⁿ (ⁿnⁿ) - Im old, yi-noⁿ (yinⁿ) - youre old, noⁿ (nⁿ) - he/she/it is old, wa-noⁿ-be (wanⁿbe) - were old, yi-noⁿ-be (yinⁿbe) - you all are old, noⁿ-be (nⁿbe) - they are old (Kanza)