not, negative, negation

 

zhi (i)

negative (RR-Quapaw)

______________________________________________________________________________

Friday, they call same thing white people, dont eat meat.

 
ta  da-tʰa  zhi  (tta dtʰa i) Speaker - Maude Supernaw

deer - to eat, chew - not

 
* da-tʰe changes to da-tʰa when followed by zhi negation  

______________________________________________________________________________

I dont want you to say.  
i-she  koⁿ-bda  zhi  (i kkǫbd i) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
you say - I want - not  

______________________________________________________________________________

How come he (dog) doesnt bark when you come around?  
hoⁿ-niⁿ-taⁿ  o-ho  zhi  da-tʰi  ta  (hǫn̜ttą ho i datʰ tta) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
why - bark - not - you arrive - when  

______________________________________________________________________________

I didn't hear you.  
wi-na-x'oⁿ  zhi  (winaxʔó̜  i) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
I to you - hear - not  

______________________________________________________________________________

crazy, wild  
wa-haⁿ-ka  zhi  (whąk i), wa-hoⁿ-ka  zhi  (whǫk i) Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore
well behaved - not  
  Speaker - Mary Wilson
   
  Speaker - Odestine McWatters

______________________________________________________________________________

Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • zhi (i) - negative, wa-zhi (wa) - negative 1pl, we not (RR-Quapaw)
  • zhi (zhi) - not, ma-zhi (mjĭ) - I not, ba-zhi (bjĭ) - we not (Omaha/Ponca)
  • zhi (zhi) - not, moⁿ-zhi (moⁿ-zhi) - I do not (FL-Osage)
  • zhi (i), a-zhi (a) - not, negative, negator, maⁿ-zhi (mą) - Im not (CQ-Osage)
  • zhi (zhi) - negative suffix of verbs, ma-zhi (mazhi) - I'm not, I don't, I didn't (Kanza)