mean, angry, irritated

 

o-xnaⁿ  (xną)

angry, irritated, cross (RR-Quapaw)

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mean dog

 
shoⁿ-ke  o-xnaⁿ  iⁿ  (̨ke wtta xną į) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
dog - mean - sure enough  

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My dog is mean.

 
shoⁿ-ke  wi-ta  o-xnaⁿ  iⁿ  (̨ke wtta xną į) Speaker - Maude Supernaw

dog - my - mean - sure enough

 

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • o-xnaⁿ (xną) - angry, irritated, cross (RR-Quapaw)
  • u-xthoⁿ shtoⁿ (-xthoⁿ-shtoⁿ) - to be cross, disagreeable, a-xthoⁿ-shtoⁿ (a-xthoⁿ-shtoⁿ) - I am cross, tha-xthoⁿ-shtoⁿ (th-xthoⁿ-shtoⁿ) - you are cross, oⁿ-xthoⁿ-shtoⁿ i (oⁿ-xthoⁿ-shtoⁿ i) - we are cross (FL-Osage)
  • o-laⁿ (lą, olą), o-loⁿ (ol̨ǫ), o-dla (dla) - pout, sulk, sulky, o-wa-laⁿ miⁿ-kshe (owlą mįk) - Im pouting, o-tha-laⁿ niⁿ-kshe (alą nįke) - youre pouting (CQ-Osage)

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  • xthoⁿ (xthoⁿ) - to sulk, pout, peeved, a-xthoⁿ bthe (a-xthoⁿ bthe) - I went away in a sulk, tha-xthoⁿ stse (tha-xthoⁿ stse) - you went away in a sulk (FL-Osage)
  • loⁿ (l̨), laⁿ (l̨) - mad, angry (CQ-Osage)