make oneself

 

ki-de (kde)

 
cause one's own, reflexive-possessive causative (RR-Quapaw)

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Do you want to go to the show?

 
wa-ka-ka-xe  shkoⁿ  ki-de  te  shkoⁿ-ta  (wakkaγe  kǫ  kde  tt  kǫtt) Speaker - Odestine McWatters
picture - move - cause itself - you go - you want

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defecate, bowel movement

 
zhe-ki-de  (ekde) Speaker - Odestine McWatters
defecate, make oneself

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Dog doo (he is defecating, the dog).

 
zhe-ki-de  niⁿ-khe  shoⁿ-ke  (ekde nįkh, ̨ke) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
defecate, make oneself - he, she sitting, doing that - dog

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I want to go pee.

 
te-zhe  ki-de  bde  (te kde bd) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
urinate - make oneself, to do or be - I go

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Dog pees (the dog is urinating).

 

shoⁿ-ke  te-zhe  ki-de  niⁿ-khe  (ó̜ke te kde nįkh)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

dog - urinate - make oneself - he, she, sitting, doing that

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I want to lay down (I am going to lie down to sleep).

 
zhoⁿ-ki-de ta miⁿkhe (̨kkid  tta mįkh) Speaker - Maude Supernaw
lie down to sleep, make oneself - will be - I sitting doing that

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Make loud talking (talk louder to me).

 

i-e  wa-shkaⁿ-hi  aⁿ-da-ki-de  (e wak̨hi ̨dakide)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

word, say, talk - hard, with great effort, strong - to me, you cause/make happen

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • ki-de (kde) - cause one's own, reflexive-possessive causative (RR-Quapaw)
  • da-ki-de (dakidĕ′) - you cause it (JOD-Quapaw)
  • aⁿ-ki-de (akde) - we cause (JOD-Quapaw)
  • gi-de (gi-the) - make to be (FL-Osage)
  • ʰki-the (ʰke) - make oneself, to do or be (CQ-Osage)
  • ki-the (ke) - make or have someone engage voluntarily in some act, let or allow someone to do something (CQ-Osage)
  • kʰi-ye (khye) - cause to do, let, allow to do, dative causative auxiliary (Kanza)