laugh, smile

 

i-xa (xa)  
laugh, smile

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

   
  Speaker - Maude Supernaw
   
  Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore
   

 

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

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i-xa (xa)

laugh, smile (RR-Quapaw)

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I laugh  
wi-e  i-xa  (we xa) Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore
I - laugh, smile  
* i-da-xa (idxa) - I laugh, conjugated by stress on syllables  

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we laugh (you, to laugh)

 

jhi-e  i-xa  (ǰe xa)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

you - laugh, smile

 
* i-da-xa (daxa) - you laugh, conjugated by stress on syllables  

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

         i-xa (xa) - laugh, smile, i-da-xa (idxa) - I laugh, i-da-xa (daxa) - you laugh (RR-Quapaw)

* conjugated by stress on syllables

         i-xa (qa) - laugh, laugh at, to laugh, to laugh at someone or something, i-tha-xa (iqa) - I laugh, i-tha-xa (aqa) - you laugh, aⁿ-tha-xa i (aⁿaⁿqai) - we laugh, i-thi-xa (iqa) - he laughs at you, i-wi-xa (wiqa) - I laugh at you (Omaha/Ponca)

         i-xa (-xa) - to laugh, to titter, i-tha-xa (i-th-xa) - I laugh, i-tha-xa (-tha-xa) - you laugh (FL-Osage)

         i-xa (ixa) - laugh, laugh at, i-tha-xa (iixa) - I laugh, i-thi-xa (iixa) - he's laughing at you, aⁿ-naⁿ-xa (ąną́xa) - she's laughing at me, i-wi-xa (iwixa) - I laugh at you, aⁿ-naⁿ-tha-xa (ąną́axa) - you laugh at me (CQ-Osage)

         i-xa (xa) - laugh, i-a-xa (ixa) - I laugh, i-ya-xa (yaxa) - you laugh, i-xa (xa) - he/she/it laugh, aⁿ-yaⁿ-xa-be (aⁿyⁿxabe) - we laugh, i-ya-xa-be (yaxabe) - you all laugh, i-xa-be (xabe) - they laugh (Kanza)