have, keep

a-niⁿ (an̨)

have, keep (RR-Quapaw)

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What's your name?

 

ta-ta  zha-zhe  a-ti  (tttą e att̜)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

what - name - you have

 

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Have you got a horse?           

 

jhi-e  shoⁿ-ke a-kniⁿ  a-tiⁿ ni-she (ǰe ó̜keknį att̜ ni)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

you - horse - you have - you moving, doing that

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Do you have any children?

 

jhi-e  shi-zhi-ka  a-tiⁿ  ni-she  (jhe ikka att̜ ni)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

you - baby, child - you have - you moving, doing that

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Dog got fleas.

 

shoⁿ-ke  ta-kde-ska  a-niⁿ  niⁿ  (ó̜ke takdska an̜ nį)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

dog  - flea - he/she have - he/she moving doing that

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rich people (they have a lot of money).

 

ma-ze-ska  o-she  a-niⁿ  niⁿ  (mazska e an̨ nį)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

iron, metal - white - a lot, plenty - to have - he/she moving doing that

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we have

 

aⁿ-ka-niⁿ-ke  (ąkan̜ įk)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

we have - we all lying, doing that

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We have good shell shakers.

 

ke-ha-na-xa-da  ho-taⁿ  aⁿ-ka-niⁿ-ke  (keh anaxda httą ąkan̜ įk)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

shell shaker - good - we have - we all lying, doing that

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • a-niⁿ (an̨) - have, keep, a-bniⁿ (abn̨) - I have, keep, a-tiⁿ (att̨) - you have, keep (RR-Quapaw)
  • a-thiⁿ (thiⁿ) - keep (Omaha)
  • a-thiⁿ (a-thiⁿ) - Omaha same, to have, a-bthiⁿ (abthiⁿ) - I have, a-ni (a-n) - you have, oⁿ-ga-thiⁿ i (oⁿ-g-thiⁿ i) - we have (FL-Osage)
  • a-thiⁿ (ą) - have, own, possess, a-briⁿ (abr̨) - I have, a-shtsiⁿ (ac̨) - you have, aⁿ-ka-thiⁿ pe (ąk̨ pe) - we have (CQ-Osage)
  • a-yiⁿ (ayⁿ) - have, keep, get, a-bliⁿ (ablⁿ) - I have, a-ʰniⁿ (aʰnⁿ) - you have, aⁿ-ga-yiⁿ (aⁿgyiⁿ) - I and you have, aⁿ-ga-yiⁿ-be (aⁿgyimbe) - we have, a-ʰniⁿ-be (aʰnmbe) - we have, a-yiⁿ-be (aymbe) - they have (Kanza)