do, you do

ha-zhoⁿ  (haǫ)

what, how, in what manner - you do, use

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What are you going to do with it?

 

ha-zhoⁿ  ta  ni-she  (haǫ tta ni)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

what/how you do - will be - you moving, doing that

 

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What do you want with it?    

 

ha-zhoⁿ  shkoⁿ-ta  (hǫ kǫtt)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

what/how you do - you want

 

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How are you (How are you doing)?  

ha-zhoⁿ  ni-she  (haǫ ni)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

what/how you do - you moving, doing that

 

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How are you?  (How are you doing)?  

jhi-e  ha-zhoⁿ  ni-she  (ǰe hǫ n)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

you - what/how you do - you moving, doing that

 

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

         ha-zhoⁿ (há-zhoⁿ) - What are you doing?, What did you do? (FL-Osage)

         ha-zhoⁿ (haǫ) - what/how you do, What did you do with it?, What did you do about it?, How are you doing it?, Whatever you do, do why, do what for (CQ-Osage)

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        ha-oⁿ (haǫ) - do how, do however, do in whatever way, do what, do what with, do what about, do whatever with, do whatever, ha-maⁿ (hamą) - what/how I do, what I do, whatever I do, what did I do, ha-zhoⁿ (haǫ) - what/how you do, What did you do with it?, What did you do about it?, How are you doing it?, Whatever you do, do why, do what for (CQ-Osage)

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         haⁿ (hą), hoⁿ (hǫ) - what, how, in what manner (RR-Quapaw)

         ha (ha) - what (F) - (Omaha)

         hau (hau) - what (M) - (Omaha)

         ha (haa) - indefinite, many of the question words are indefinites with initial ha (haa) (CQ-Osage)

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         aⁿ (ʔą) - use, do (RR-Quapaw)

         oⁿ (ʔǫ) - do, be, moⁿ (mǫ) - I do, be, zhoⁿ (ǫ) - you do, be, aⁿ-koⁿ (ąkó̜) - we (dual) do, be, aⁿ-koⁿ-we (ąkó̜we) - we do, be (RR-Quapaw)

         oⁿ (ó̜) - do, engage in an activity (CQ-Osage)

         oⁿ ('oⁿ) - use (Kanza)

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         oⁿ (ʔǫ) - use, have as a disease, moⁿ (mǫ) - I use, have as a disease, zhoⁿ (ǫ) - you use, have as a disease, oⁿ-koⁿ-we (ǫkó̜we) - we use, have as a disease (RR-Quapaw)

         oⁿ (ó̜ǫ) - suffer from, have as an illness, be sick from, wear, use, moⁿ (mó̜ǫ) - I wear, use ., zhoⁿ (ó̜ǫ) - you wear, use . (CQ-Osage)