naⁿ-she-ska  zhi  (ną́eska i)  

clear minded, in one's right mind - not

Speaker - Odestine McWatters


Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • noⁿ-xe ska zhi (noⁿ́-xe ka zhi) - to become dizzy, noⁿ-xe-oⁿ-ska moⁿ-zhi (noⁿ′-xe oⁿ-ka moⁿ zhi) - I am dizzy, noⁿ-xe-thi-ska zhi ha (noⁿ′-xe thi-ka zhi ha) - you are dizzy (FL-Osage)
  • naⁿ-ghe ska zhi (nⁿgheskzhi) - stupefied from fright after talking with or dreaming of the spirits, lit. "not wise; not of clear mind" (Kanza)


  • noⁿ-xe ska (noⁿ́-xe-ka) - staid, dignified, spirit white, clearness of mind, return to consciousness, sane, sober, noⁿ-xe-oⁿ-ska (noⁿ′-xe-oⁿ-ka) - I am sober, noⁿ-xe-thi-ska (noⁿ′-xe thi ka) - you are sober, noⁿ-xe-ska bi a (noⁿ′-xe ka bi a) - he is sober (FL-Osage)
  • naⁿ-xe ska (ną́ąγeska) - be sober, not drunk, clear minded, in one's right mind, literally, spirit clear (CQ-Osage)
  • naⁿ-ghe ska (nⁿgheska) - wise, to be wise, be smart, naⁿ-ghe aⁿ-ska (nⁿgheaⁿska) - Im wise, smart, naⁿ-ghe yi-ska (nⁿgheyiska) - youre wise, smart, naⁿ-ghe ska (nⁿgheska) - he/she/it wise, smart, naⁿ-ghe wa-ska-be (nⁿghewaskabe) - we wise, smart, naⁿ-ghe yi-ska-be (nⁿgheyiskabe) - you all are wise, smart, naⁿ-ghe ska-be (nⁿgheskabe) - theyre wise, smart (Kanza)


  • zhi (i) - negative (RR-Quapaw)
  • zhi (zhi) - not (Omaha/Ponca)
  • zhi (zhi) - not (FL-Osage)
  • a-zhi (a), zhi (i) - not, negative, negator (CQ-Osage)
  • zhi (zhi) - negative suffix of verbs (Kanza)