crazy, wild

wa-haⁿ-ka  zhi  (whąk i)    

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

well behaved - not  

Speaker - Mary Wilson

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wa-hoⁿ-ka  zhi  (whǫk i)    
well behaved - not Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

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wa-hoⁿ-ka zhi (whǫk i)

wild, crazy, ill behaved (RR-Quapaw)

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • wa-hoⁿ-ka zhi (whǫk i) - wild, crazy, ill behaved, aⁿ-wa-hoⁿ-ka zhi (ąwhǫki) - Im wild, crazy, ill behaved, di-wa-hoⁿ-ka zhi (diwhǫki) - youre wild, crazy, ill behaved (RR-Quapaw)
  • wa-hoⁿ-ga zhi (whoⁿgazhi) - fearless, unafraid of the cold, not to be afraid of the cold, as said of one who does not seek a shelter, but continues traveling on foot or horseback, aⁿ-maⁿ-hoⁿ-ga ma-zhi (aⁿmⁿhoⁿgamazhi) - I am fearless, unafraid of the cold, wa-yi-hoⁿ-ga zhi (wayhoⁿgazhi) - you are fearless, unafraid of the cold, wa-hoⁿ-ga zhi (whoⁿgazhi) - he/she/it fearless, unafraid of the cold, wa-wa-hoⁿ-ga ba-zhi (wawhoⁿgabazhi) - we are fearless, unafraid of the cold, wa-yi-hoⁿ-ga ba-zhi (wayhoⁿgabazhi) - you all are fearless, unafraid of the cold, wa-hoⁿ-ga ba-zhi(whoⁿgabazhi) - they are fearless, unafraid of the cold (Kanza)

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  • wa-hoⁿ-ka (whǫk) - well behaved, to be, aⁿ-wa-hoⁿ-ka (ąwhǫk) - Im well behaved, di-wa-hoⁿ-ka (diwhǫk) - youre well behaved, wa-wa-hoⁿ-ka-we (wawhǫkwe) - were well behaved (RR-Quapaw)

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  • zhi (i) - negative (RR-Quapaw)
  • zhi (zhi) - not (Omaha/Ponca)
  • zhi (zhi) - not (FL-Osage)
  • a-zhi (a), zhi (i) - not, negative, negator (CQ-Osage)
  • zhi (zhi) - negative suffix of verbs (Kanza)