again, over and over, repeatedly

 

shi-naⁿ  (ną),  shi-noⁿ  (nǫ)      

again, over and over, repeatedly (JOD-Quapaw) 

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Come back again. (request).    

shi-naⁿ  kdi  hne  (ną kdi hn)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

again - come back here - request

 

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Come back again.          

shi-noⁿ  kjhi  (nǫ kǰi)

Alice Crawfish Gilmore

again - come back here

 

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You come back again.

jhi-e  shi-noⁿ  kjhi  (jhe nǫ kjh)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

you - again - come back here

 

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Everybody come back again. (request)  
shi-naⁿ  za-ni  kdi  hne  (ną zan kdi hn) Speaker - Maude Supernaw

again- all, everyone - come back here - request

 

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You (all) come back again and dance. (request)

shi-naⁿ  o-zha  kdi  hne  za-ni  (ną a kdi hn zan)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

again - dance - come back here - request - all, everyone

 

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Come back and see me, again.  (request)

shi-naⁿ  aⁿ-ki-toiⁿ  kdi  hne  (ną ąkitoį kdi hn)

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

again - you look at me - come back here - request

 

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I'll come back tomorrow.

shi-naⁿ  ka-saⁿ-niⁿ  a-kdi  ta  miⁿ-khe  (ną kasą́nį akd tta mįkh)

 

Speaker - Maude Supernaw

again - tomorrow - I come back here - will be - I sitting, doing that

 

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They're going to have another baby

shi-noⁿ  i-ta-de  ta  niⁿ-khe  (nǫ ttade tta nįkh)

Speaker - Alice Crawfish Gilmore

again - give birth to a child - will be - he, she sitting doing that

 

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Dhegiha Language Family Comparison

  • shi-naⁿ (cinaⁿ) - again (JOD-Quapaw)
  • shi-noⁿ (shí-noⁿ) - again and again (FL-Osage)
  • shi-naⁿ (ną) - over and over, again and again, keep on, continue to do a thing (CQ-Osage)

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  • shi (i) - again, and, also (RR-Quapaw)
  • shi (shi) - and, and then, again (Omaha/Ponca)
  • shi (shi) - again, and (FL-Osage)
  • shi (i) - again, more (CQ-Osage)
  • shi (shi) - again, and (Kanza)

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  • naⁿ (ną), noⁿ (nǫ), ʰnaⁿ (ʰną) - habitual postclitic (RR-Quapaw)
  • noⁿ (noⁿ) - usually, customarily (FL-Osage)
  • naⁿ (ną), noⁿ (nǫ), na (na) - always, repeatedly, habitually, customarily, usually, recurringly, continually, continue to, used to (CQ-Osage)
  • ʰnaⁿ (ʰnaⁿ) - habitual aspect; usually (Kanza)