How the Rabbit caught the Sun in a trap: a egiha myth

Told in Kwapa by Alphonsus Valliere.

 

1)

Once upon a time, both Rabbit and his grandmother were living together, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi ma-shtiⁿ-ke e-kaⁿ naⁿ-pa

h̨tʰąh mat̨ke ek̨ n̨pa

then, at length; it happened that; once upon a time/rabbit/someones grandmother, his or her grandmother/two, both

 

ti-kde ni-kʰa naⁿ i-a.

ttkde nikʰ ną i.

to live together in same tent, set up housekeeping, dwell together, keep house/they, 3rd person plural continuative sitting/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

2)

Rabbit would go hunting very early in the morning, it is said (they say).

 

ka-sa-ni-aⁿ-te-naⁿ hi ma-shtiⁿ-ke ta-bde de naⁿ i-a.

kasnįtte-ną h mat̨ke tbde d ną i.

* early in the morning/rabbit/to hunt/to go/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

* kasni, kas̨nį, tomorrow

* ksaniti, morning

* ną, enąh, only that, him, her, it

* , only, just, soley, nothing else, nothing but, alone; habitual, regularly, usually, often; past sign, when; the singular sitting

* hi, very, intensifier; to arrive, reach there, have been; to come, be coming here, not own

 

3)

And when Rabbit arrived early in the morning, a person with a very long foot had already been there and gone, leaving those tracks, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ ka-sa-ni-aⁿ-te e-naⁿ hi

ę kasnįtte ną h

then, at length; and when, so/morning/only that, him, her, it, just that, nothing but that, that alone/to arrive, reach there, have been

 

wa-si-kde si ste-te hi

waskde si sttte h

them, they; things, stuff+footprint, trail, track = footprints, trails, tracks/foot+tall, long+very, intensifier = very long foot

 

i-de naⁿ i-a.

id ną i.

*/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

* hid, id, to have gone, departed

 

4)

And so, he wanted to know him, Rabbit wanted to know who was leaving those tracks, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ i-ba-hoⁿ koⁿ-da naⁿ i-a.

ę bahǫ k̨da ną i.

then, at length; and when, so/to know, know how, to recognize/to want, desire, wish/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

5)

Rabbit said, Now, I think I will go before the person, I will arrive there first, it is said (they say).

 

ni-ka-shi-ka niⁿ iⁿ-chʰoⁿ wi-taⁿ-niⁿ

nkkaka n̨ įčʰ̨ wttąnį

person, people, a man, human being/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/now, at this moment, at present/I first, I ahead

 

* ett̨ni, first ahead; to be the first to reach a place; to anticipate another in doing anything

 

bde ta miⁿ-kʰe,

bd tt mįkʰ,

I go+future, will, shall+1st person singular sitting = I will be going

 

i-bniⁿ-aⁿ, i-e naⁿ i-a.

bnį̨, i ną i.

I think that/to say/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

6)

Rabbit got up very early in the morning to go hunting, just as he usually did, and departed, it is said (they say).

 

kasaniaⁿte hi ki-ta naⁿ a-naⁿ de i-a.

kasnįtte h kit ną ną d i.

morning/very, intensifier/to arise, to get up/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/*/to go/it is said (they say)

 

* JOD notes . , as same as

 

7)

And then again, just as before, the person had been along leaving a trail, it is said (they say).

 

shi-naⁿ haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi ni-ka-shi-ka niⁿ

in̨ h̨tʰąh nkkaka nį

again, and, also/then, at length; it happened that/person, people, a man, human being/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

si-kde tʰe i-a.

sikd tʰe i.

footprint, trail, track/the past act, completed action; the singular, standing or collection/it is said (they say)

 

8)

And then, Rabbit arrived back home, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi kʰi naⁿ i-a.

h̨tʰąh kʰi ną i.

then, at length; it happened that/to arrive back at ones own/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

9)

It is said, Rabbit said: My grandmother! Even though I have planned on being the first one there, when I go, a person has already been there ahead of me, it is said (they say).

 

i-e-kdi i-a:

ikdi i:

to say as follows/it is said (they say)

 

* JOD notes . ikdi = ke, to say as follows

 

iⁿ-kaⁿ e! wi-taⁿ-niⁿ-xti bde a-niⁿ i-he a-ki-zhaⁿ-miⁿ taⁿ,

įkk̨ e! wttąn̨xti bde nį ih kkąm̨-t̨,

my grandmother!/I first, I ahead/very, real, fully/I go/*/I think of myself, I think about myself, I regard myself/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

* anih, anįh, nį ih, 1st person singular moving

 

ni-ka-shi-ka miⁿ aⁿ-ka-xa de tʰe naⁿ, i-a.

nkkaka m̨ ąkxa de tʰ ną, i.

person, people, a man, human being/a, an, one/it gets ahead of me/to go/the past act, completed action; the singular, standing or collection/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

* kax, to excel, surpass, superior, go ahead or beyond a person or place, to get ahead of, out run, out distance; to disobey

 

10)

Rabbit said, My grandmother! I will make a snare for him and then I will catch him, it is said (they say).

 

iⁿ-kaⁿ e! o-kʰi-oⁿ-de a-pa-xe tta miⁿ-kʰe,

įkk̨ e! okʰǫde ppaγ tta mįkʰe,

my grandmother!/a snare, trap; to get oneself into difficulty, throw oneself into, tangled in, be in trouble/I make something for someone/future, will, shall/1st person singular sitting

 

11)

e-shoⁿ bdi-ze ta miⁿ-kʰe,

ę bdiz tta mįkʰ,

then, at length; and when, so/I get, take, seize, receive/future, will, shall/1st person singular sitting

 

i-yi i-a.

iy i.

to have said/it is said (they say) = he said, it is said (they say)

 

12)

The old woman said, Why would you do that? it is said (they say).

 

e ha-zhoⁿ te

hą tte

aforementioned, that, he, she, it/you act or do a certain way; what, how, why you do/future, shall, will be

 

ko-i-she zhoⁿ taⁿ,

kię-tą,

so, that, that part, that sort; aforementioned words or manner/you do or be/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

* JOD notes . hą tte kie ǫtą, why does he wish to do that; ehą tte kie ̨witą, why do they wish to do that; ehą tte kie ̨witą, why do ye wish to do that

 

i-yi i-a wa-xo zhi-ka niⁿ-kʰe.

iy i waxʔo ik nįkʰ.

woman+small, little+3rd person singular continuative sitting; the singular, sitting = the old woman said, it is said (they say)

 

* waxʔo ik, old woman, little old lady, elderly woman

 

13)

Rabbit said, I really hate the person, it is said (they say).

 

ni-ka-shi-ka niⁿ o-a-kaⁿ-shi-ka hi,

nkkaka n̨ okkąik h,

person, people, a man, human being/3rd person singular moving, the singular moving/I hate/very, intensifier

 

i-yi i-a ma-shtiⁿ-ke.

iy i mat̨ke.

to have said+it is said (they say)+rabbit = rabbit said, it is said (they say)

 

14)

And so, the Rabbit departed, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ ma-shtiⁿ-ke niⁿ de i-a.

ę mat̨ke nį de ia.

then, at length; and when, so/rabbit/3rd person singular moving, the singular moving/to go/it is said (they say)

 

15)

After Rabbit traveled awhile, again the tracks were already there, the person had already left the tracks it is said (they say).

 

de shoⁿ-niⁿ,

d ǫn̨,

to go/still, yet; at any rate; and, so; thus+3rd person singular moving; the singular moving = after he had moved awhile, for sometime

 

shi-naⁿ si-kde de tʰe naⁿ i-a.

ną sikd de tʰ ną i.

again, and, also/footprint, trail, track/to go/the past act, completed action; the singular, standing or collection/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

16)

And so, the Rabbit laid there, waiting for night to come, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ e-ti hoⁿ tʰe

ę ett h̨ tʰe

then, at length; and when, so/there, then, said of time as well as place/night/the singular, standing or collection; the past act, completed action

 

i-da-pe zhoⁿ kʰe naⁿ i-a ma-shtiⁿ-ke.

idppe ǫ kʰ ną ia mat̨ke.

to wait for someone not yet in sight/to sleep, lie, recline/the singular lying object/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)/rabbit

 

17)

Rabbit made a noose of a bowstring and putt it in the place where the footprints usually were, it is said (they say).

 

maⁿ-te-kaⁿ niⁿ-kʰe o-naⁿ-shke taⁿ

m̨ttekk̨ nįkʰ on̨ke tą

bow+sinew, string, line; root of a plant = bowstring/the singular, sitting; 3rd person singular continuative sitting/a noose/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

ki-ka-xe naⁿ

kikγe ną

to make something for someone/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

si-kde de naⁿ tʰe

sikd d ną tʰe

footprint, trail, track/to go/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/the past act, completed action; the singular, standing or collection

 

e-ti i-naⁿ-de naⁿ i-a.

ett in̨de ną i.

there, then, said of time as well as place/to put a singular, sitting object/the past act, completed action; the singular, standing or collection/it is said (they say)

 

18)

And then, very early in the morning, Rabbit arrived there, to the place where the footprints usually were, to look at his trap, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi ka-sa-ni-aⁿ-te hi taⁿ,

h̨tʰąhi kasnįtte h-tą,

then, at length; it happened that/morning/very, intensifier/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

o-kʰi-oⁿ-de niⁿ-kʰe

okʰǫde nįkʰ

a snare, trap; to get oneself into difficulty, throw oneself into, tangled in, be in trouble/the singular, sitting; 3rd person singular continuative sitting

 

ki-toⁿ-we hi naⁿ i-a.

ktt̨we h ną i.

to look at ones own/to arrive, reach there, have been/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

19)

And then, he caught the Sun, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi mi niⁿ-kʰe e-naⁿ

h̨tʰąhi m nįkʰe ną

then, at length; it happened that/sun/the singular, sitting; 3rd person singular continuative sitting/only that, him, her, it, just that, nothing but that, that alone

 

di-ze niⁿ-kʰe naⁿ i-a.

diz nįkʰ ną i.

to get, take, seize, receive/3rd person singular continuative sitting; the singular, sitting/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

20)

Running very fast, he went homeward to tell what happened, it is said (they say).

 

taⁿ-niⁿ hi naⁿ-xti

tt̨nį hi n̨xti

run, as a person not an animal/very, intensifier/*

 

* n̨xti, past sign, when; regularly, usually, often+very, real, fully . or . nąxt, only, just, soley, nothing else, nothing but, alone+very, real, fully

 

o-da kde naⁿ i-a.

od kd ną i.

to tell something, to tell about; report, inform/to go home, to start homeward/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

21)

Rabbit said, My grandmother! I have caught something or other, but it really scares me, it is said (they say).

 

iⁿ-kaⁿ e! ta-taⁿ e-tʰaⁿ

įkk̨ e! tttą etʰ̨

my grandmother!/what, something+aforementioned, that, he, she, it+3rd person singular standing; the standing = something or other, whatever it is

 

bdi-ze miⁿ-kʰe niⁿ-tʰe,

bdiz mįkʰ nįtʰ,

I get, take, seize, receive/1st person singular sitting/although, though, but

 

aⁿ-di-na-xi-da hi naⁿ,

ądnaxid h ną,

to scare, frighten me/very, intensifier/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-yi i-a ma-shtiⁿ-ke.

iy i mat̨ke.

to have said+it is said (they say)+rabbit = rabbit said, it is said (they say)

 

22)

Rabbit said, My grandmother! I want to get my bowstring, but it really scares me, it is said (they say).

 

iⁿ-kaⁿ e! maⁿ-te-kaⁿ a-kdi-ze koⁿ-bda niⁿ-tʰe,

įkk̨ e! m̨ttekk̨ akdze kkǫbd nįtʰ,

my grandmother!/bowstring/I get, take, seize, receive my own/I want/although, though, but

 

aⁿ-di-na-xi-da hi naⁿ,

ądnaxid hi ną,

to scare, frighten me/very, intensifier/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-yi i-a ma-shtiⁿ-ke.

iy i mat̨ke.

to have said+it is said (they say)+rabbit = rabbit said, it is said (they say)

 

23)

Rabbit took his knife, and he went there, to the place where he had trapped the Sun, it is said (they say).

 

ma-hiⁿ kdi-ze naⁿ

mhį kdiz ną

knife/to get, take, seize, receive ones own/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

e-ti de naⁿ i-a.

tti de ną i.

there, then, said of time as well as place/to go/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

24)

And so, Rabbit arrived there, very close to where he had trapped the Sun, to retrieve his bowstring, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ koⁿ-ha hi ki-hi i-a.

ę kk̨ha hi kih i.

then, at length; and when, so/near, by+very, intensifier = very near/to have reached there having gone there for it/it is said (they say)

 

25)

The Sun said, You have done bad!  Why did you do that?  Come here and untie me! it is said (they say).

 

shi-ke shka-xe!

ik kγe!

bad/you make, do, cause

 

hoⁿ-tʰe ko-i-she zhoⁿ e?

h̨tʰe kie ̨ e?

why/so, that, that part, that sort; aforementioned words or manner/you do, you be/question sign

 

26)

de-do hi a-tʰaⁿ aⁿ-di-shka!

ddo h tʰą ̨dik!

here, this place, right here/to come, to be coming here, not own/when, and/to untie, loosen, open for me+imperative command = untie me!

 

i-yi i-a mi niⁿ-kʰe.

iy i mi nįkʰ.

to have said+it is said (they say)+sun+3rd person singular continuative sitting; the singular, sitting = the sun said, it is said

 

27)

Rabbit tried to do as the Sun had asked, but each time he attempted to go and cut the Sun loose, he was so afraid, he would pass by a little to one side, he couldnt go directly to the Sun, it is said (they say).

 

ma-shtiⁿ-ke e-ti de niⁿ naⁿ niⁿ-tʰe

mat̨ke ett de n̨ ną nįtʰ

rabbit/there, then, said of time as well as place/to go/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/although, though, but

 

naⁿ-pe hi naⁿ

n̨ppe hi n̨

to fear the sight of something/very, intensifier/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

e-ki-zhi i-aⁿ-he naⁿ i-a.

eki įhe ną i.

somewhere else, elsewhere; different+to go or pass by that particular way, rather than by another = to (walk) go partly aside from, not straight to the place/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

28)

As Rabbit was doing that, passing by a little to one side, he quickly passed the Sun, bent over with his head bowed and cut the bowstring.  Suns departure was so abrupt, it had already gone high above, it is said (they say).

 

e niⁿ-tʰe ma-shtiⁿ-ke a-ki-a-naⁿ tʰi-d[e] a-taⁿ

nįtʰ mat̨ke kkian̨ tʰid[] ttą

aforementioned, that, he, she, it/continuative perfective; heretofore/rabbit/to run a race, to race/to pass by/and, when

 

be-xiⁿ hi maⁿ-niⁿ taⁿ,

bexʔ̨ hi mąn̨ tą,

to bend down, to stoop+very, intensifier+to walk = to walk with bowed head low, to walk very bent over/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

pa-se de-de i-a, maⁿ-te-kaⁿ kʰe.

pse ded i, m̨ttekk̨ kʰ.

to cut off with a knife/suddenly, expresses sudden action/it is said (they say)/bowstring/the singular lying object

 

29)

ko-i-shoⁿ-taⁿ mi maⁿ-shi hi-de i-a.

kįttą mi mą hid i.

then, thus, accordingly, in that way, therefore/sun/high, upper, upward, above/to have gone/it is said (they say)

 

30)

And when Rabbit passed the Sun bent over to cut the snare, the fur between his shoulders was scorched yellow by the Suns intense heat, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ ma-shtiⁿ-ke ba-ko hiⁿ ke

ę mat̨ke bakk hį ke

then, at length; and when, so/rabbit/the lower part of the neck of animals, the hump between the shoulders of animals/fur, hair of the body, down of bird/the plural standing

 

a-ta-zi hi naⁿ i-a,

tazi h ną i,

on, upon+by extreme temperature+yellow = turn yellow by extreme heat upon, scorched yellow, burned yellow/very, intensifier/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

a-ta-zaⁿ a-ta-ha taⁿ-ha i-a.

tazą ttah tąh i.

on, upon+by extreme temperature+? = shone hot on/too, exceedingly, much/because/it is said (they say)

 

31)

The Rabbit arrived back home, it is said (they say).

 

ma-shtiⁿ-ke niⁿ kʰi naⁿ i-a.

mat̨ke nį kʰ ną i.

rabbit/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/to arrive back at ones own/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

32)

Rabbit said, My grandmother! Ouch! I am burnt, the heat has left absolutely nothing at all of me! it is said.

 

i-kaⁿ e! a-tshi-tshi!

įkk̨ ! titi!

my grandmother!/an interjection, showing that the speaker was in pain, caused from the heat of the sun

 

aⁿ-ta-ni-ke naⁿ-e-xti!

ątnike-ną xti!

for me, to me, at me+by extreme temperature+to have none, be lacking+past sign, when; regularly, usually, often+very, real, fully = I am fully burned to nothing

 

i-yi i-a ma-shtiⁿ-ke.

iy ia mat̨ke.

to have said+it is said (they say)+rabbit = rabbit said, it is said (they say)

 

33)

The old lady said, I think the heat has left absolutely nothing at all of my grandchild for me, it is said.  From that time on, the Rabbit has had a singed spot on its back, between the shoulders.

 

wi-to-shpa, aⁿ-ta-ni-ke-xti a-zha-miⁿ,

wittpa, ̨tnikxti ąm̨,

my grandchild/for me, to me, at me+by extreme temperature+to have none, be lacking+very, real, fully = fully burn to nothing for me/I think

 

i-e niⁿ i-a

i nį i

to say/3rd person singular moving, the singular moving/it is said (they say)

 

wa-xo zhi-ka niⁿ-kʰe.

waxʔo ik nįkʰe.

woman+small, little+3rd person singular continuative sitting; the singular, sitting = the old woman, the little old lady, the elderly woman

 

34)

The end.

 

shoⁿ

ǫ

the end, enough, that will do

 

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