Circa 1890
The Coyote and the Buffaloes
Dictated in Kwapa (from the Omaha version) by Alphonsus Valliere.

 

1)

Once upon a time the Coyote was going along, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka niⁿ

h̨tʰąhi ǫtt̨ka xtte ka nį

then, at length; it happened that; once upon a time/wolf+gray+small, little; young = coyote/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

de naⁿ i-a.

de ną i.

to go/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

* ia used in handwritten notes, iya used in typed version

 

2)

There were Four Buffalo Bulls walking along grazing, it is said (they say).

 

e-ti te-to-ka to-wa

etti ttetka twa

there, then, said of time as well as place/buffalo+male animal+four = four buffalo bulls

 

* used in handwritten notes, etti used in typed version

 

maⁿ-niⁿ wa-ba-hi naⁿ i-a.

m̨nį wabhi ną i.

to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/to graze, grazing, pick up food as birds or animals; to pick up or gather up from the ground/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

3)

And then the Coyote arrived there, to where the Four Buffalo Bulls were grazing.  The Coyote begged to them, asking them for a favor, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ e-ti hi i-a.

eǫ ett h i.

then, at length; while, and when, so/there, then/to arrive, reach there, have been/it is said (they say)

 

4)

e-shoⁿ wa-ki-wa-xpa-ni naⁿ i-a.

ę wkiwaxpni ną i.

then, at length; while, and when, so/to be pitiful, poor, or in need for or unto them/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

* waxpn, poor, poverty, in need; pitiful, humble; suffer, sorrow, mourn, grief, ill

 

5)

The Coyote said to the Four Buffalo Bulls, Oh, my grandfather, youall who are my grandfathers, take pity on me! I want to live just as youall are living it is said (they say).

 

wi-ti-kaⁿ, o, wi-ti-kaⁿ ni-kʰa-she, da-xe-aⁿ-ki-da-we!

wttk̨, o, wttk̨ nikʰe, dxʔękdaw!

my grandfather/interjection/my grandfather/2nd person plural continuative sitting/to pity, be kind, be good, care for, bless me, your own/pluralizer; declarative or emphatic, imperative

 

* daxʔekde, to pity, be kind to, be good to, bless, feel sorry for ones own

 

6)

da-maⁿ-tiⁿ pa-she ti e-koⁿ hi

dam̨ttį pe-tt ek̨ hi

you walk, you move; you exist, act or live a certain way/2nd person plural continuative moving/at, by, in, to/that sort, like, thus, like that, like so+very, intensifier = just so, just as, just like

 

a-maⁿ-bdiⁿ koⁿ ni-he koⁿ-bda,

am̨bdį k̨ nih kkǫbd,

I walk, I move; I exist, act or live a certain way/as, since, so, like/imperative!, strong command or prohibition/I want, desire, wish

 

i-we-ke i-a.

iwke i.

to say that to them/it is said (they say)

 

7)

The Buffalo Bull said, Beware lest you say that a second time, it is said (they said).

 

i-naⁿ-pa i-she na-ha,

nąp i nah,

second, second time, again/you say/prohibitive imperative, beware lest...

 

i-yi i-a te-to-ka niⁿ.

iy ia ttetka nį.

to have said+it is said (they say)+buffalo bull+3rd person singular moving; the singular moving = the buffalo bull said, it is said (they say)

 

8)

The Coyote said, No, my grandfather, be that as it may, take pity on me!  Youall are never without any food, so I want to live just as youall are living, it is said (they say).

 

The Coyote reckoned that buffalo obtained their food without having to cultivate it and they lived by eating food that comes up abundantly, without having to work for it.

 

hoⁿ-zhi, wi-ti-kaⁿ, shoⁿ da-xe-aⁿ-ki-da!

hǫ, wttk̨, ǫ daxʔękid!

no/my grandfather/still, yet; at any rate; and, so; thus, while, when/to pity me+imperative command = pity me!

 

9)

o-naⁿ-bde tʰe di-ni-ka-wa-zhi hi

nąbde tʰ dnik-wai h

food/the singular, standing or collection/you have none, you lacking+pluralizer+not, negation+very, intensifier = youall are never without food

 

koⁿ da-maⁿ-tiⁿ ni-tʰe e-koⁿ

kǫ dam̨ttį nitʰ ek̨

as, since, so, like/you walk, you move; you exist, act or live a certain way/heretofore; it could or would be

 

koⁿ ni-he koⁿ-bda,

kǫ nhe kkǫbd,

that sort, like, thus, like that, like so/as, since, so, like+imperative!, strong command or prohibition+I want = I want to be so

 

i-yi i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka tʰaⁿ.

iy ia ǫtt̨ka xtte ka tʰą.

to have said+it is said (they say)+coyote+3rd person singular standing; the standing = the coyote said, it is said (they say)

 

10)

The Elder Buffalo Bull who was walking at the very back said, How could you be telling the truth, you cannot mean that? it is said (they say).

 

hoⁿ-niⁿ-taⁿ miⁿ-da-kʰe-xti ko-i-she ni-hoⁿ,

hǫn̨ttą m̨dakʰxti ki nih̨,

why; how/you tell the truth/very, real, fully/so, that, that part, that sort; aforementioned words or manner/improbability, sign of doubt; would, could, should be

 

i-yi i-a a-shi-oⁿ-he hi niⁿ

iy ia įhe h nį

to have said/it is said (they say)/behind, after, afterward, later, last one, last of a party or series/very, intensifier/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

te-to-ka sha-ke (niⁿ).

ttetka ʔke (nį).

buffalo bull/old, elderly, aged/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

11)

The Coyote kept on in that manner, asking for the Buffalo Bulls to take pity on him, he would not stop talking at all, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ niⁿ-kʰe ko-i-shoⁿ i-e tʰe

ę nįkʰ kiǫ i tʰe

then, at length; while, and when, so/3rd person singular continuative sitting; the singular, sitting/then, despite, notwithstanding, and then; so, of that sort, in that case/to talk, speak; say; word/*

 

* tʰe, the singular, standing or collection; the past act, completed action; narrative marker

 

a-da-shtaⁿ hi-te oⁿ-zhi naⁿ

dat̨ hitt ̨i ną

to stop activity with the mouth, talking, drinking, eating, etc.+strong form of the negation, not at all, nothing whatever = he would not stop talking at all/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka.

i ǫtt̨ka xtte ka.

it is said (they say)/coyote

 

12)

Having grown tired of listening to the Coyote, the Elder Buffalo Bull told one of the others to pity the Coyote.

 

The Elder Buffalo Bull said, Ha-o, Blunt Horns! You try it! it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, he ba-to-ke! di-e i-ki-ta!

hao, h-battke! di kʔitt!

*/horn, antler/by pushing+worn, dull, blunt = to wear away, wear out/you+to try, test, attempt+imperative command = you try it!

 

* hao, well, ho, thank you, how are you, agreed, yes, sign of approval as the English Hear! Hear!, interjection of approval; marks a change of idea as the beginning of a new paragraph in writing; used in calling to a distant person; oral period, masculine imperative

 

i-yi i-a te-to-ka sha-ke.

iy i ttetka ʔke.

to have said/it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/old, elderly, aged

 

13)

Blunt Horns said, Ha-o! it is said (they say).

 

ha-o! i-yi i-a he ba-to-ke.

hao! iy ia h-battke.

*/to have said+it is said (they say)+horn, antler+to wear away, wear out = blunt horn said, it is said (they say)

 

14)

Blunt Horns said to Coyote, Come! Stand with your back to me! it is said (they say).

 

hi-we!

hiw!

to come, be coming here, not own+emphatic or imperative = come here!

 

ko-to-ka-xde na-zhiⁿ (ni-he)!

ktokxde ną (nhe)!

over there, on that side of, on the other side, beyond, yonder, farther off, farther over there, ahead+face a certain direction, face a direction, facing towards = facing the other way/to stand/imperative!, strong command or prohibition

 

i-ke i-a.

ik i.

to say that to someone/it is said (they say)

 

15)

Blunt Horns said, Beware lest you make even the slightest attempt to run away, it is said (they say).

 

da-ha-ze zhi-ka na-ha! i-yi i-a.

dahze ik nah! iy ia.

you run away, flee/small, little; young/prohibitive imperative, beware lest.../to have said+it is said (they say)

 

16)

The Coyote said, Ha-o, grandfather! Ha-o, grandfather! My grandfather, why would I run away? it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, ti-kaⁿ! ha-o, ti-kaⁿ! wi-ti-kaⁿ,

hao, ttik̨! hao, ttik̨! wittik̨,

*/a grandfather, someones grandfather/*/a grandfather, someones grandfather/my grandfather

 

* ittką, ettką > ttik̨

 

hoⁿ-niⁿ-taⁿ a-ha-ze ni-hoⁿ, i-yi i-a.

hǫn̨ttą ahze nih̨, iyi i.

why; how/I run away, flee/improbability, sign of doubt; would, could, should be/to have said/it is said (they say)

 

17)

Preparing to charge, the Blunt Horned Buffalo Bull backed away from where the Coyote was standing.  He was moving about, pawing at the ground, and bellowing, it is said (they say).

 

mi-sto-sto kde niⁿ naⁿ

miststo kd n̨ ną

to back repeatedly, backing/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-a te-to-ka he ba-to-ke.

i ttetka h-battke.

it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/horn, antler/to wear away, wear out

 

18)

maⁿ-di-xo maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a,

mądxʔo m̨nį n̨ ną ia,

relating to the earth or ground+to dig with knife, spade or paws = to dig away the soil with his hooves/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

* dxʔo = dikʔ

 

ho-taⁿ-taⁿ maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a.

httąttą m̨nį n̨ ną i.

to cry out, roar, bellow, an animals characteristic cry/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

19)

When he stuck his horns into the ground, he sent clumps of dirt high up into the air, it is said (they say).

 

ma-ni-ka kʰe ba-xto a-tʰaⁿ

mankka kʰe baxt atʰ̨

earth, soil, ground/the singular lying object/to pierce, stab, perforate/when, and

 

ma-ni-ka ka-tʰe maⁿ-shi hi de-de naⁿ i-a.

mankka ktʰe mą h dede ną i.

earth, soil, ground/clod, clump, bunch/high, upper, upward, above/very, intensifier/to cause to go, to send off, sent away; suddenly, expresses sudden action/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

20)

Then the Coyote stood there, peeping out of the corner of his eye at the Blunt Horned Buffalo Bull, it is said (they say).

 

e-ti shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka i-sht[a] o-hoⁿ-ke

etti ǫtt̨ka xtte ka it[a] hǫk

there, then/coyote/eye+the end of something = corner of the eye

 

* used in handwritten notes, etti used in typed version

 

i-toⁿ-we tʰaⁿ naⁿ i-a.

ttǫwe tʰ̨ ną i.

with which to+to look at something = to look through; to examine, survey, spy with/3rd person singular standing; the standing/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

21)

As the Coyote was standing there, he thought to himself, Whew! I think it would be difficult for him to only hurt me a little, he will surely maim or kill me, it is said (they say).

 

ko! naⁿ-kaⁿ-de zhi-ka si-ze te a-zhaⁿ-miⁿ,

ko! n̨kkąde ka sze tte ąm̨,

interjection, why!, whew!/to maim or kill, to injure, to hurt me/small, little; young/hard, difficult; to be firm/will, shall, future/I think

 

* n̨kkade, to maim or kill, to injure, to hurt someone

 

i-ni-aⁿ taⁿ shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka tʰaⁿ.

inį ttą i ǫtt̨ka xtte ka tʰą.

to think that/in soliloquy, interrogative, conveying a question/it is said (they say)/coyote/3rd person singular standing; the standing

 

22)

The Coyote moved completely to one side, out of the way of the Blunt Horned Buffalo Bull, it is said (they say).

 

o-kda-kʰaⁿ a-ta-ha hi naⁿ i-a.

okdkʰą ttaha hi ną i.

to one side; crosswise, across; acute angle to former position/too, exceedingly, much/to arrive, reach there, have been/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

23)

And when he did that, the Blunt Horned Buffalo Bull, who was coming, charging back towards the Coyote, passed by without touching the Coyotes side, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ e-ti-tʰaⁿ

ę etttʰą

then, at length; while, and when, so/from that time, at that time, from then on; thence, subsequently

 

koⁿ-da ki naⁿ i-a.

kk̨da k ną i.

to attack, to rush upon a foe; to run after, to chase/to be returning to here; to be coming back/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

24)

xa-da kde tʰe-ti

xda kd tʰtti

back, returning, back to starting point, back again to the starting point, backward, reverse/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/*

 

* tʰtti, at the time, when; at, by, in, to, near the singular standing object or collection of small objects

 

di-we a-ba-knaⁿ-ta i-ki-aⁿ-he i-a.

dwe bakn̨tta kiąh ia.

side of a person or animal/along, beside, by; passing along+did not touch as passed = to pass by without touching/it is said (they say)

 

25)

Blunt Horns said, Ho-Ho! I thought you spoke the truth, but you are only telling lies, it is said (they say).

 

hoho! miⁿ-da-kʰe i-bniⁿ-aⁿ taⁿ

hoho! m̨dakʰ bnį̨ tą

interjection of wonder, surprise/you tell the truth/I think that/and, when, since, as

 

e-naⁿ iⁿ-xo-we hi i-she ni-she,

-ną ̨xow hi i ni,

only that, just that, soley, nothing but that/to lie, tell a lie/very, intensifier/you say/2nd person singular moving

 

i-yi i-a he ba-to-ke.

iy i h-battke.

to have said+it is said (they say)+horn, antler+to wear away, wear out = blunt horn said, it is said (they say)

 

26)

The Coyote said, No, not at all my grandfather, it happened because I was afraid of you. My grandfather, be that as it may, take pity on me! I want to live just as youall are living it is said (they say).

 

hoⁿ-zhi e-de, wi-ti-kaⁿ, naⁿ-wi-ki-pe taⁿ-ha.

h̨i ed, wittik̨, nąwkippe t̨ha.

no/really, indeed/my grandfather/I fear you, my relation/because

 

27)

shoⁿ wi-ti-kaⁿ, da-xe-aⁿ-ki-da!

̨ wittik̨, daxʔąkid!

still, yet; at any rate; and, so; thus, while, when/my grandfather/to pity me+imperative command = pity me!

 

28)

da-maⁿ-tiⁿ pa-she ti e-koⁿ hi

dam̨ttį pe-tt ek̨ hi

you walk, you move; you exist, act or live a certain way/2nd person plural continuative moving/at, by, in, to/that sort, like, thus, like that, like so+very, intensifier = just so, just as, just like

 

a-maⁿ-bdiⁿ ni-he koⁿ-bda,

am̨bdį nih kkǫbd,

I walk, I move; I exist, act or live a certain way/imperative!, strong command or prohibition/I want, desire, wish

 

i-yi i-a.

iy i.

to have said+it is said (they say)

 

29)

Each Buffalo Bull took pity on the Coyote and attempted to help him, however each time the Coyote stepped out of the way.  Finally, it was the Young Buffalo Bulls turn.

 

The Elder Buffalo Bull said, Ha-o, Young Buffalo Bull!  You try it! it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, te-to-ka zhi-ka, di-e i-ki-ta!

hao, ttetka ik, de kʔitt!

*/buffalo bull/small, little; young/you+to try, test, attempt+imperative command = you try it!

 

i-yi i-a te-to-ka sha-ke.

iy i ttetka ʔke.

to have said/it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/old, elderly, aged

 

30)

The Young Buffalo Bull said, Ha-o! it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, i-yi i-a te-to-ka zhi-ka tʰaⁿ.

ho, iy ia ttetka ka tʰą.

*/to have said/it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/small, little; young/3rd person singular standing; the standing

 

31)

The Young Buffalo Bull said, Stand with your back to me. If you run away this time, I will kill you, it is said (they say).

 

ko-to-ka-xde na-zhiⁿ.

ktokxde ną.

over there, on that side of, on the other side, beyond, yonder, farther off, farther over there, ahead+face a certain direction, face a direction, facing towards = facing the other way/to stand

 

32)

de da-ha-ze taⁿ

de dahze-t̨

this (time)/you run away, flee/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

te-wi-de ta miⁿ-kʰe, i-yi i-a.

tʔwide tt mįkʰ, iy i.

I kill you/future, will, shall/1st person singular sitting/to have said/it is said (they say)

 

33)

The Coyote said, Ha-o, my grandfather, I will not run away, it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, wi-ti-kaⁿ, a-ha-za-zhi ta miⁿ-kʰe,

hao, wttik̨, haza tta mįkʰ,

*/my grandfather/I run away, flee/not, negation/future, will, shall/1st person singular sitting

 

i-e tʰaⁿ i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka.

i tʰą i ǫtt̨ka xtte ka.

to say/3rd person singular standing; the standing/it is said (they say)/coyote

 

34)

Then, preparing to charge, the Young Buffalo Bull backed away from where the Coyote was standing.  He was moving about, pawing at the ground, and bellowing, it is said (they say).

 

e-ti te-to-ka zhi-ka

etti ttetka-ka

there, then/buffalo bull/small, little; young

 

* ǫ used in handwritten notes, etti used in typed version

 

mi-sto-sto kde niⁿ naⁿ i-a.

miststo kde n̨ ną i.

to back repeatedly, backing/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

35)

maⁿ-di-xo maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ i-a,

mądxʔo m̨nį n̨ ia,

relating to the earth or ground+to dig with knife, spade or paws = to dig away the soil with his hooves/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/it is said (they say)

 

* dxʔo = dikʔ

 

ho-taⁿ-taⁿ shti maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a.

httąttą ti m̨nį n̨ ną i.

to cry out, roar, bellow, an animals characteristic cry/also, too; some/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

36)

When he stuck his horns into the ground, he sent clumps of dirt flying high into the air, it is said (they say).

 

ma-ni-ka kʰe ba-xto a-tʰaⁿ

mankka kʰe baxt atʰ̨

earth, soil, ground/the singular lying object/to pierce, stab, perforate/when, and

 

ma-ni-ka ka-tʰe maⁿ-shi hi de-de naⁿ i-a.

mankka ktʰe mą hi dde ną i.

earth, soil, ground/clod, clump, bunch/high, upper, upward, above/very, intensifier/to cause to go, to send off, sent away; suddenly, expresses sudden action/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

37)

And then, from there, the place at which he had backed up to, the Young Buffalo Bull came charging towards the Coyote, it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ e-ti-tʰaⁿ

ę etttʰą

then, at length; while, and when, so/from that time, at that time, from then on; thence, subsequently

 

koⁿ-da ki naⁿ i-a.

kk̨da k ną i.

to attack, to rush upon a foe; to run after, to chase/to be returning to here; to be coming back/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

38)

This time, the Coyote did not run away, it is said (they say).

 

e-ti-tʰaⁿ ha-za-zhi naⁿ i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka.

etttʰą hza ną i ǫtt̨ka xtte ka.

from that time, at that time, from then on; thence, subsequently/to run away, flee/not, negation/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)/coyote

 

39)

And when the Young Buffalo Bull struck the Coyote on the side as he went by, the Coyote went right along with him, the Coyote was transformed into a young buffalo bull, he looked just like the Young Buffalo Bull that struck him, it is said (they say).

 

di-we i-ki-tʰiⁿ de taⁿ

dwe kitʰį d-tą

side of a person or animal/to hit against each other or ones own/to go/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

koⁿ-ze a-koⁿ hi

kk̨ze k̨ hi

same, equal; to pretend, feign, to be similar or equal to+that sort, like, thus, like that, so+very, intensifier = just as, just alike, the exact same as, exactly alike in appearance

 

* kk̨ze kǫ = kk̨ze k̨?

 

te-to-ka zhi-ka zho-kde hi-de naⁿ i-a.

ttetka-ka okd hid ną i.

buffalo bull/small, little; young/with, to be with someone, to accompany or go with someone/to have gone/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

40)

And then they departed together, the Four Buffalo Bulls and the Coyote (which was had been transformed into a young buffalo bull), it is said (they say).

 

e-shoⁿ zho-ki-de koⁿ hi-da-we i-a.

ę kkikde kǫ hidwe i.

then, at length; while, and when, so/together; to be or go with ones own; to be or go with each other/as, since, so, like/to have gone+pluralizer = they went/it is said (they say)

 

41)

When they reached a particular piece of land, they continued grazing, it is said (they say).

 

ma-zhaⁿ mi naⁿ-we

mą mi h-n̨-we

land/a, an, one; single/to arrive, reach there, have been+past sign, when; regularly, usually, often+pluralizer = they arrived there

 

            * > mi

 

* hwe-n̨ used in handwritten notes, h-n̨-we used in typed version

 

wa-ba-hi-we i-a.

wabhiw i.

to graze, grazing, pick up food as birds or animals; to pick up or gather up from the ground+pluralizer = they graze/it is said (they say)

 

42)

And then the Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) was going along eating all sorts of grasses, it is said (they say).

 

e-ti shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka ma-hiⁿ ke

etti ǫtt̨ka xtte ka mah̨ ke

there, then/coyote/grass/the plural standing or scattered

 

* ę used in handwritten notes, etti used in typed version

 

hoⁿ do-tʰe-a-na

h̨ dotʰana

what, how, in what manner+the singular, standing or collection of inanimate objects on this side+quantity, number = any sort at all of inanimate objects

 

* h̨ dotʰana, any sort at all of inanimate objects vs. h̨eh, any sort of animate objects

 

da-tʰe koⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a.

datʰ kǫ-n̨ ną i.

to eat, chew/as, since, so, like/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

43)

He fell to the rear, keeping himself behind, he was not keeping up with the others, it is said (they say).

 

a-shi-oⁿ-he hi maⁿ-niⁿ naⁿ

iǫhe h mąn̨ ną

behind, after, afterward, later, last one, last of a party or series/very, intensifier/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

a-shi-ki-knaⁿ naⁿ i-a.

ikkikn̨ ną i.

back, in the back of, the last, the end+to set, place or put ones self = to keep ones self behind/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

44)

The Elder Buffalo Bull said, What is the matter! Hurry up! it is said (they say).

 

naⁿ-de! sa-ki e-koⁿ!

nąd! sakk ek̨!

to scold/rapid, as a stream, man, horse; walk faster/that sort, like, thus, like that, like so

 

* h̨e, what is the trouble, what is the matter, what happened is used in the handwritten notes, nąd used in typed version

 

i-e naⁿ i-a te-to-ka sha-ke.

i ną i ttetka ʔke.

to say/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/old, elderly, aged

 

45)

The Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) said, No, my grandfather, I am unable to get my fill of the grass, because I am so fond of grazing, I am keeping myself behind, I am unable to keep up, it is said (they say).

 

hoⁿ-zhi, wi-ti-kaⁿ, ma-hiⁿ ke naⁿ-te i-moⁿ

hǫ, wittik̨, mah̨ ke n̨tte im̨

no/my grandfather/grass/the plural standing or scattered/I am unable to get my fill of

 

* n̨tte į, to love a thing from the very heart, so much so that satiety is impossible; to be unable to get too much enjoyment from anything; to be unable to get ones fill of pleasure; to be so much pleased with any object that one is unwilling to spare any of it to others

 

wa-ba-hi maⁿ-niⁿ o-a-niⁿ taⁿ

wabhi m̨nį onį tą

to graze, grazing, pick up food as birds or animals; to pick up or gather up from the ground/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/I am fond of it/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

* on̨, to be pleased or satisfied with, as with extra; to care for; to take good care of, as a good but lean horse till it gets fat

 

a-shi-ki-knaⁿ naⁿ,

iakkkną n̨,

back, in the back of, the last, the end+I set, I place or put myself = I keep myself behind/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-e naⁿ i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka.

i ną ia ǫtt̨ka xtte ka.

to say/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)/coyote

 

46)

Once again, they departed, the Buffalo Bulls continued on, it is said (they say).

 

shi-naⁿ da-we i-a.

-ną dawe i.

again, and, also/to go+pluralizer = they go/it is said (they say)

 

47)

Then, the Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) continued to fall behind as he walked along, he it is said (they say).

 

e-ti a-shi naⁿ

etti i-ną

there, then/back, in the back of, the last, the end/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

* ę used in handwritten notes, etti used in typed version

 

maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a.

mąn̨ nį ną i.

to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

48)

And then, after some time, the Four Buffalo Bulls reached the top of a hill, and then they went down the hill, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi a-ni maⁿ-shi hi a-shi hi-we i-a.

h̨tʰąhi ni mą hi i hwe i.

then, at length; it happened that; once upon a time/a hill/high, upper, upward, above/very, intensifier/on, on top of, over/to arrive, reach there, have been+pluralizer = they arrived there/it is said (they say)

 

49)

e-ti te-to-ka to-wa a-pa a-pa-po da-we i-a.

etti ttetka twa ap ppapo dwe i.

there, then/buffalo bull/four/3rd person plural, they moving/downhill, slope/to go+pluralizer = they go/it is said (they say)

 

* ę used in handwritten notes, etti used in typed version

 

50)

When the Four Buffalo Bulls reached a particular piece of land, they waited for him, it is said (they say).

 

ma-zhaⁿ mi te-to-ka to-wa a-pa

mą m ttetka twa ap

land/a, an, one; single/buffalo bull/four/3rd person plural, they moving

 

hi-wi naⁿ

hwi-ną

to arrive, reach there, have been+pluralizer = they reached there/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-da-pa-we i-a.

idppawe i.

to wait for someone not in sight+pluralizer = they waited for him/it is said (they say)

 

            * > m

 

51)

The Elder Buffalo Bull said, He has not come here at all!  We wait for him! it is said (they say).

 

tʰi-zhi hi de! aⁿ-naⁿ-da-pa-we! i-yi i-a.

tʰi h de! ąn̨dappaw! iy i.

to arrive, to have come here+not, negation+really, indeed = he did not arrive at all/we wait for someone not in sight/to have said/it is said (they say)

 

52)

They waited for him a very long time, the Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) did not arrive, it is said (they say).

 

i-da-pa-wi-ti ti-aⁿ hi

idppawi-tt ttį hi

to wait for someone not in sight+pluralizer = they waited for him/at, by, in, to/long time+very, intensifier = a very long time

 

hi-zhi naⁿ i-a.

hi ną i.

to arrive, reach there, have been+not, negation+past sign, when; regularly, usually, often = he had not arrived/it is said (they say)

 

53)

The Elder Buffalo Bull said, Ha-o! Young Buffalo Bull, go look for him! it is said (they say).

 

ha-o! te-to-ka zhi-ka, o-te da! i-yi i-a.

hao! ttetka-ik, ott d! iyi ia.

*/buffalo bull/small, little; young/to look, hunt, search for/to go+imperative command = go!/to have said/it is said (they say)

 

54)

The Young Buffalo Bull said, Ha-o! and he started back, it is said (they say).

 

ha-o! i[-e] a-tʰaⁿ kde naⁿ

hao! i[e] tʰą kd ną

*/to say/when, and/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-a te-to-ka zhi-ka niⁿ.

i ttetka-ka n̨.

it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/small, little; young/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

55)

From right there, where they were waiting, he went running back, it is said (they say).

 

e-ti-tʰaⁿ hi

etttʰą h

from that time, at that time, from then on; thence, subsequently/very, intensifier = from that very place

 

naⁿ-ke kde naⁿ i-a.

nąk kd ną i.

to run as an animal/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

56)

He returned to the land where the deed was done, he arrived back to where the Coyote had been transformed into a young buffalo bull, it is said (they say).

 

ma-zhaⁿ e-ti o-shkaⁿ i-tʰe-ti kʰi naⁿ i-a.

mą ett ką itʰtti kʰ ną i.

land/there, then/act, deed/the place where, at the time when/to reach there again, reach again; to arrive back at ones own, reach home/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

57)

And when the Young Buffalo Bull arrived back there, it happened that the Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) was not there at all, it is said (they said).

 

e-shoⁿ haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi

ę h̨tʰąhi

then, at length; while, and when, so/then, at length; it happened that; once upon a time

 

nik hi tʰe

ni-ke hi tʰe

to have none, to be lacking, nothing, none, to lack, gone, be without/very, intensifier/the singular, standing or collection; the past act, completed action

 

i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka.

i ǫtt̨ka xtte ka.

it is said (they say)/coyote

 

58)

The Young Buffalo Bull went back, he went back from where he had come, to rejoin the other Buffalo Bulls, it is said (they said).

 

kde naⁿ

kd ną

to go back; to go home, to start homeward/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

i-a te-to-ka zhi-ka niⁿ.

ia ttetka-ka n̨.

it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/small, little; young/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

59)

And then it came to pass that the Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) had departed and went on his way, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka niⁿ

h̨tʰąhi ǫtt̨ka xtte ka nį

then, at length; it happened that; once upon a time/coyote/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

de naⁿ i-a.

de ną ia.

to go/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

60)

As the Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) was going along, it just so happened that a Coyote was walking along looking for something, it is said (they say).

 

de tʰe-ti haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi

de tʰtti h̨tʰąhi

to go/at the time, when/then, at length; it happened that; once upon a time

 

shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka mi ta-taⁿ o-te niⁿ

ǫtt̨ka xtte ka mi tttą ott nį

coyote/a, an, one; single/what, something/to look, hunt, search for/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

* > m

 

maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a.

mąn̨ nį ną i.

to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

61)

The Coyote (which had been transformed into a young buffalo bull) said, You moving there! Wait! it is said (they say).

 

she ni-she! naⁿ-zhiⁿ-e!

ne! n̨į-!

that (visible)/2nd person singular moving/to stand+declarative or emphatic, imperative = wait!

 

i-yi i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka niⁿ.

iy i ǫtt̨ka xtte ka nį.

to have said/it is said (they say)/coyote/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving

 

62)

The Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) said, Do you want to live like that, in this way, just like I am living? it is said (they say).

 

de a-maⁿ-bdiⁿ tʰe e-koⁿ hi

de am̨bdį tʰe kǫ hi

this (way)/I walk, I move; I exist, act or live a certain way/the singular, standing or collection; the past act, completed action/that sort, like, thus, like that, like so+very, intensifier = just so, just as, just like

 

ka ni-she shkoⁿ-ta e? i-yi i-a.

ka ne k̨tta e? iyi ia.

that (invisible)/2nd person singular moving/you want, desire, wish/question sign/to have said/it is said (they say)

 

63)

The Coyote said, Yes, my elder brother, I want to live just like that! it is said (they say).

 

hoⁿ wi-zhiⁿ-de

hǫ wįd

yes/my older brother

 

e-koⁿ hi a-maⁿ-bdiⁿ ni-he koⁿ-bda,

kǫ h am̨bdį nihe kkǫbd,

that sort, like, thus, like that, like so+very, intensifier = just so, just as, just like/I walk, I move; I exist, act or live a certain way/imperative!, strong command or prohibition/I want, desire, wish

 

i-yi i-a.

iyi ia.

to have said/it is said (they say)

 

64)

The Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) said, Ha-o, stand facing the other way, it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, ko-to-ka-xde na-zhiⁿ!

hao, kotkaxde ną!

*/over there, on that side of, on the other side, beyond, yonder, farther off, farther over there, ahead+face a certain direction, face a direction, facing towards = facing the other way/to stand

 

i-yi i-a

iy ia

to have said/it is said (they say)

 

65)

The Coyote said, Yes my elder brother, it is said (they say).

 

hoⁿ, wi-zhiⁿ-de, i-yi ia.

hǫ, wįd, iyi ia.

yes/my older brother/to have said/it is said (they say)

 

66)

Preparing to charge, the Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) backed up, moving about, pawing at the ground, and bellowing, it is said (they say).

 

te-to-ka zhi-ka mi-sto

ttetka ka mist

buffalo bull/small, little; young/to back, back

 

maⁿ-di-xo maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a,

mądxʔo mąn̨ nį n̨ i,

relating to the earth or ground+to dig with knife, spade or paws = to dig away the soil with his hooves/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

* dxʔo = dikʔ

 

67)

ho-taⁿ-taⁿ maⁿ-niⁿ niⁿ naⁿ i-a.

httąttą m̨nį n̨ ną i.

to cry out, roar, bellow, an animals characteristic cry/to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way/3rd person singular moving; the singular moving/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

68)

When he stuck his horns into the ground, he sent clumps of dirt high up into the air, it is said (they say).

 

ma-ni-ka kʰe ba-xto a-tʰaⁿ

mankka kʰe baxt atʰ̨

earth, soil, ground/the singular lying object/to pierce, stab, perforate/when, and

 

ma-ni-ka ka-tʰe maⁿ-shi hi de-de naⁿ i-a.

mankka ktʰe mą h dede ną i.

earth, soil, ground/clod, clump, bunch/high, upper, upward, above/very, intensifier/to cause to go, to send off, sent away; suddenly, expresses sudden action/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

69)

And then, from there, the place at which he had backed up to, the Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) came charging towards the Coyote, it is said (they say).

 

she-ta-tʰaⁿ koⁿ-da ki naⁿ i-a.

etttʰą kk̨da k ną i.

that (visible)+to, at, toward, in that direction+from = from that place/to attack, to rush upon a foe; to run after, to chase/to be returning to here; to be coming back/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

70)

The Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) charged back towards the Coyote and passed by without touching his side because the Coyote had leaped out of the way, it is said (they say).

 

xa-da kde tʰe-ti

xda kd tʰtti

back, returning, back to starting point, back again to the starting point, backward, reverse/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/at the time, when

 

di-we a-ba-knaⁿ-ta i-ki-aⁿ-he i-a.

dwe bakn̨tta kiąh ia.

side of a person or animal/along, beside, by; passing along+did not touch as passed = to pass by without touching/it is said (they say)

 

71)

shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka e-ki-zhi hi zha-ko-i-de taⁿ-ha i-a.

ǫtt̨ka xtte ka eki hi akid t̨ha i.

coyote/somewhere else, elsewhere, different/very, intensifier or to arrive, reach there, have been/to jump/because/it is said (they say)

 

72)

The Coyote continued to run away, he did this three times, it is said, (they say).

 

i-da-bniⁿ shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka ha-ze naⁿ i-a.

dabn̨ ǫtt̨ka xtte ka hze ną i.

third/coyote/to run away, flee/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

73)

The fourth time, the Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) said, I will kill you. it is said (they say).

 

i-to-wa tʰe-ti, te-wi-de ta miⁿ-kʰe,

towa tʰett, tʔwide tt mįkʰ,

fourth/at the time, when/I kill you/future, will, shall/1st person singular sitting

 

i-yi i-a te-to-ka zhi-ka.

iy i ttetka ka.

to have said/it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/small, little; young

 

74)

And then, from there, the place at which he had backed up to, the Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) came charging towards the Coyote, it is said (they say).

 

she-ta-tʰaⁿ koⁿ-da ki naⁿ i-a.

etttʰą kk̨da k ną i.

from that place/to attack, to rush upon a foe; to run after, to chase/to be returning to here; to be coming back/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

75)

And then it happened that the Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) struck the Coyote on the side as he went by, he went right along with him, the Young Buffalo Bull (which had once been a coyote) was transformed back into a coyote, he looked just like the Coyote that he struck, it is said (they say).

 

haⁿ-tʰaⁿ-hi di-we i-ki-tʰiⁿ kde taⁿ

h̨tʰąhi dwe kitʰį kd-tą

then, at length; it happened that; once upon a time/side of a person or animal/to hit against each other or ones own/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/and, when, since, as; because; if

 

koⁿ-ze a-koⁿ hi

kk̨ze k̨ hi

same, equal; to pretend, feign, to be similar or equal to+that sort, like, thus, like that, so+very, intensifier = just as, just alike, the exact same as, exactly alike in appearance

 

* kk̨ze kǫ = kk̨ze k̨?

 

shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka zho-kde de naⁿ i-a.

ǫtt̨ka xtte ka kde de ną i.

coyote/with, to be with someone, to accompany or go with someone/to go/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

76)

The Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull) stood there and said to the Coyote, You have truly done me a great wrong! Go away! it is said (they say).

 

aⁿ-ti-zho-zhi i-na-e hi!

̨ttii nae h!

you treat me ill, you get the better of me, you cause me to suffer purposely/really, truly, verily, indeed/very, intensifier

 

* dii, to treat one ill, to get the better of one, to cause one to suffer purposely

 

e-ki-zhi maⁿ-niⁿ!

eki mąn̨!

somewhere else, elsewhere, different+to walk, to move; to exist, act or live a certain way = go away! begone!

 

i-yi i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka tʰaⁿ.

iy i ǫtt̨ka xtte ka tʰą.

to have said+it is said (they say)+coyote+3rd person singular standing; the standing = the coyote said, it is said (they say)

 

77)

The Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull) went in search of the Buffalo Bulls again, it is said (they say).

 

shi-naⁿ te-to-ka pa

-ną ttetka-ppa

again, and, also/buffalo bull/3rd person plural, they moving/

 

o-wa-ki-te de naⁿ i-a.

wakitte de ną i.

to look, hunt, search for them, ones own/to go/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

78)

Having pursued and overtaken them, the Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull) begged to them, asking them for a favor, it is said (they say).

 

wa-kdi-xe shoⁿ o-wa-ki-xde naⁿ

wkdix ǫ wakxde n̨

to chase, pursue, hunt them, ones own/still, yet; at any rate; and, so; thus, while, when/to overtake, to pursue and overtake them, ones own/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

shoⁿ wa-ki-wa-xpa-ni i-a.

ǫ wkiwaxpni i.

still, yet; at any rate; and, so; thus, while, when/to be pitiful, poor, or in need for or unto them/it is said (they say)

 

79)

The Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull) said to them, My grandfather, take pity on me! A person has truly done me a great wrong! it is said (they say).

 

wi-ti-kaⁿ, da-xe-aⁿ-ki-da-we!

wttk̨, dxʔękidaw!

my grandfather/to pity, be kind, be good, care for, bless me, your own/pluralizer+declarative or emphatic, imperative

 

ni-ka-shi-ka mi aⁿ-di-zho-zhi i-na-e hi,

nkkaka mi ądii nae h,

person, a man, human being, people/a, an, one; single/to treat me ill, to get the better of me, to cause me to suffer purposely/really, truly, verily, indeed/very, intensifier

 

* > m, in this instance m̨ used in handwritten notes, mi used in typed version

 

i-we-ki i-a.

iwki i.

to say that to them/it is said (they say)

 

* iwki = iwke

 

80)

The Elder Buffalo Bull said, Ha-o! Young Buffalo Bull, you try it! it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, te-to-ka zhi-ka, di-e i-ki-ta! i-yi i-a.

hao, ttetka ik, de kʔitt! iy i

*/buffalo bull/small, little; young/you+to try, test, attempt+imperative command = you try it!/to have said/it is said (they say)

 

81)

The Young Buffalo Bull said, Ha-o! Stand with your back to me! it is said (they say).

 

ha-o, ko-to-ka-xde na-zhiⁿ!

hao, ktokxde ną!

*/over there, on that side of, on the other side, beyond, yonder, farther off, farther over there, ahead+face a certain direction, face a direction, facing towards = facing the other way/to stand

 

i-yi i-a te-to-ka zhi-ka niⁿ-kʰe.

iy ia ttetka ka nįkʰe.

to have said/it is said (they say)/buffalo bull/small, little; young/3rd person singular continuative sitting; the singular, sitting

 

82)

The Young Buffalo Bull said, Beware lest you make even the slightest attempt to run away! it is said (they say).

 

da-ha-ze zhi-ka na-ha! i-yi i-a.

dahze ik nah! iy ia.

you run away, flee/small, little; young/prohibitive imperative, beware lest.../to have said/it is said (they say)

 

83)

The Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull) said, No, my grandfather, why would I run away? it is said (they say).

 

hoⁿ-zhi, wi-ti-kaⁿ, hoⁿ-niⁿ-taⁿ a-ha-ze ni-hoⁿ,

hǫ, wttik̨, hǫn̨ttą ahze nih̨,

no/my grandfather/why; how/I run away, flee/improbability, sign of doubt; would, could, should be

 

i-yi i-a shoⁿ-taⁿ-ka xo-te zhi-ka tʰaⁿ.

iyi ia ǫtt̨ka xtte ka tʰą.

to have said+it is said (they say)+coyote+3rd person singular standing; the standing = the coyote said, it is said (they say)

 

84)

Preparing to charge, the Young Buffalo Bull backed up, and then he came charging towards the Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull), it is said (they say).

 

mi-sto-sto kde naⁿ

miststo kd ną

to back repeatedly, backing/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often

 

koⁿ-da ki naⁿ i-a.

kk̨da k ną i.

to attack, to rush upon a foe; to run after, to chase/to be returning to here; to be coming back/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

85)

The Young Buffalo Bull charged back towards the Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull) and gored him in the side and sent him high up into the air, when the Coyote (which had once been transformed into a young buffalo bull) came back down, he was killed by the shock of the fall, it is said (they say).

 

xa-da kde tʰe-ti

xda kd tʰtti

back, returning, back to starting point, back again to the starting point, backward, reverse/to go back; to go home, to start homeward/at the time, when

 

di-we-ti ba-xto a-tʰaⁿ

diw-tti baxt-atʰ̨

side of a person or animal/at, by, in, to/to pierce, stab, perforate/when, and

 

maⁿ-shi hi de-de i-a.

m̨i hi dde i.

high, upper, upward, above/very, intensifier/to cause to go, to send off, sent away; suddenly, expresses sudden action/it is said (they say)

 

shoⁿ koⁿ kdi

ǫ k̨ kd

still, yet; at any rate; and, so; thus, while, when/as, since, so, like/to have come back here

 

ka-xdi kdi-he naⁿ i-a.

kaxd kdih ną i.

to kill by striking or stun, strike down, knock senseless, to beat severely/marks sudden action again, to have become suddenly again; again lying suddenly on the ground; lying object acted upon a second time/past sign, when; regularly, usually, often/it is said (they say)

 

86)

The end.

 

shoⁿ

ǫ

the end, enough, complete, that will do; fit, proper, as it should be

 

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